Questions tagged [ipa]

The International Phonetic Alphabet: A Latin-based alphabet designed for transcribing all sounds of all languages.

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1answer
638 views

What is the function of the *dot* diacritic, when it converts /ba/ to /ra/ (if it can be called so) in Bengali?

The dot diacritic works for [dzo] to [jo] , for [do] to [ro] and for [dho] to [rho]. But /ba/ and /ra/ are completely unrelated sounds, so what is the dot doing to /ba/?
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1answer
2k views

Is there a tool for conversion of IPA into X-Sampa?

I need to transcribe text into X-Sampa, but I am an IPA transcriber, so for simplicity purposes I will transcribe in IPA and will then try to convert into X-Sampa. Is there any tool that would ...
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2answers
6k views

Where to download wav/mp3 files for each of the ipa phoneme?

I would like to be able to build a "word" using IPA symbols (ex:sʌnʃaɪn) and then be able to link together a bunch of .wav files (one per phoneme) and play it... But I need a full set of wav (or mp3 ...
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5answers
962 views

Seeking IPA study aids (symbol memorization, audio recognition, transcription practice)

Native english speaker here. I recently learned from an intro linguistics class that I have abysmal transcription skills. Can you recommend practice software? I think I'm looking for IPA drills on ...
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1answer
524 views

Why do dictionaries use non-standard IPA symbols

"ɛə̯" or "ɛə" can be written as "ea" "ɛː" "ɛ" and "ɛə" in various dictionaries. http://teflpedia.com/IPA_phoneme_/e%C9%99/ I don't see the value as they aren't fixing the non-intuitive nature of ...
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1answer
92 views

The vowels in book and good [closed]

The vowels in 'book' and 'good' are both represented by an inverted omega in the international phonetic alphabet (ʊ), according to the OED. Can it not express their difference? 'Isaac Pitman's ...
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4answers
4k views

IPA to plain simple English translator

I'm working on a website(*) that provides word pronunciation guides for a general audience that cannot be expected to know IPA symbols. It would be enormously helpful to have a tool where I could ...
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76 views

Praat: Sound analysis

In Praat after converting stereo sound to mono, the intensity reduced to (-ve) so no sound is produced although the original stereo sound has a max intensity 70 dB !
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4answers
2k views

Anglicisation of the voiceless velar fricative [x]

The voiceless velar fricative [x] is present in the English word yech, and sometimes loch, but is often enunciated as [h] or [k] when English speakers pronounce calques or foreign names. Is [h] or [k]...
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2answers
1k views

Is there a rounded /æ/? Is there a Near-open front rounded vowel?

Okay, so I was just doing a bit of conlanging, and I was coming up with a verb ending /æɸ/. Because of the way I have begun this, /ɸ~ʍ/ are interchangeable. When I first tried saying /æʍ]/ I ...
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1answer
279 views

Did proto-indo-european possess sounds that are not any longer present or rare in modern IE languages?

In the movie Prometheus, David, an Android tasked with maintaining the functions on the space ship while his human comrades are sleeping in cryostatic chambers, is learning PIE during his off-duty ...
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2answers
361 views

Is [x] any different from [kʰ]?

I've been trying to learn German (not really) and I've come across the [x] sound. When I hear audio clips of it, it sounds really similar (almost identical) to [kʰ]. I have [kʰ] in my native language (...
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1answer
361 views

near-close front unrounded vowel

I tried to specify what the name of the vowel "I" is in my dialect and it seems that the IPA table doesn't have it on it. Reading up on the definitions I believe that it should be called "near-close ...
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2answers
921 views

Is there a distinctive feature that separates alveolo-palatals from palatals?

Specifically, what distinguishes the voiceless palatal fricative /ç/ from the voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative /ɕ/? (Likewise their voiced counterparts, /ʝ/ and /ʑ/.) The IPA doesn't have alveolo-...
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2answers
2k views

Is IPA machine-readable?

I saw that SAMPA was created to be machine-readable. Does that mean that IPA isn't? If it isn't, why is that so? EDIT: By machine-readable, I meant that it could be directly interpreted by a parser/...
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3answers
620 views

Labialisation and palatisation in IPA: one consonant or two phones?

When is a consonant simply followed by labliasing sound like /u/ or /w/ and when is the consonant itself considered palatised or labialised? For instance, French point, in IPA, /pwɛ̃/ and Croatian ...
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3answers
932 views

Language that uses IPA

Is there a language that uses the International Phonetic Alphabet as their official writing system? Basically, Is there a language using [a less strict version of] IPA as their writing system? Is ...
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2answers
149 views

Network of Phonological Relationships

Does there exist a definitive network or database that maps the relationships between phonetic symbols? Similar to a word net, it would be a map representing the distance (or similarity) between ...
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2answers
2k views

Can't hear difference between /j/ and /ʎ/

As in title; I can't hear difference between /j/ and /ʎ/. I also cannot reliably pronounce /ʎ/. Can any of you help me? Sorry if this is not the right place to ask this.
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2answers
356 views

Is there any standard way to sort phonemes?

Is there a defined way to order phonemes, phones, or other qualities of speech, such as those represented in the IPA? Suppose I'm listing the following sounds (and their descriptions, say, or links ...
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0answers
748 views

Egyptian Arabic to IPA conversion?

I am trying to transcript some text from Egyptian Arabic to IPA, but I can't seem to find an Egyptian Arabic dictionary with IPA transcription, an automatic transcriptor, or even comprehensive ...
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0answers
316 views

OCR program for IPA?

Is there a program that can convert a scan/image of IPA into any digital encoding? UTF-8 Unicode preferred, and low-cost preferred (open source would be especially nice).
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1answer
657 views

When does the voiceless velar fricative, [x], undergo voicing?

The voiceless velar fricative, [x], appears as ⟨ch⟩ in Polish. Apparently, [x] undergoes voicing and becomes [ɣ] under certain circumstances: Voiceless obstruents are voiced (/x/ becoming [ɣ], etc.)...
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412 views

What is the nature of the voiceless velar fricative, [x], in Polish?

My surname is Cuch. Though I don't know much about Polish, I assume that this derives from the Polish word for chain, łańcuch. I pronounce my name as I've been briefly told by relatives: /tsux/ in the ...
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2answers
1k views

Sound between “i” and “y” in IPA Vowel chart

So I was researching IPA a bit and tried to map the sounds of my native language to it. What I encountered was that our typical "i" is between the "i" and "y" on this chart on Wikipedia: https://en....
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502 views

How is stress marked in IPA?

I would just like to know if this is correct. I have this text, I'm having a hard time trying to figure out this; mark primary stress (and secondary, if appropriate) on the correct syllables using ...
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1answer
491 views

transliterate from IPA to Roman alphabet [closed]

I'm trying to figure out what is this in Roman Alphabet ʔə ʤoʷk (ʔə ˈmɛ ɹə ˌkʰɪn): seʲ, wʌʦ jɹ̩ ʤɐːb? (ˈʔɪ̃ŋ gɫɪʃ mə̃n): ʔɐ̃͡ɪ mə kʰlaːk. (ʔə ˈmɛ ɹə ˌkʰɪn): ...
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0answers
139 views

Plotting Points on an IPA Chart

I would like to plot points on the "Consonants" and "Vowels" charts, as seen in the image below. I will extract each one separately, so they are individual images. Is there a way to make a coordinate ...
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2answers
451 views

How many phonetic symbols are in total languages?

my goal is to know all the sounds of other languages and compare if there are similarities. I only found the English http://soundsofspeech.uiowa.edu/english/english_main.swf http://www.stuff.co.uk/...
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2answers
492 views

Do English and French share the same international phonetic symbol?

[e] and [ε] are pronounced almost the same in English. But there is obvious difference between them in french , french [e] sounds like ‘ay’ in english ‘bay’, really close to the first English letter “...
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1answer
189 views

Any languages without the following list of consonants?

I was wondering if there are any living languages without any of the following: /ɬ/ or /ɮ/, postaveolars and palatals—with the exception of /j/? Again, a list of the excluded consonants are- ...
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3answers
702 views

Is there a featural equivalent of the International Phonetic Alphabet?

The IPA arbitrarily borrows and derives graphemes from the Greek, Latin and Cyrillic. The graphemes do not display basic features (i.e. place and manner of articulation) shared between phones like ...
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2answers
746 views

Can a vowel be a consonant?

So, I know there are certain consonants in the IPA that have vowel-like properties, and can therefor be used as vowels, such as [n], [m], and [l]. Examples include [pnt], or [ʒlf]. So, in the loosest ...
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3answers
658 views

Why does IAST exist when IPA is there?

When IPA can incorporate most of the sounds with Roman like symbols. Why do we need IAST? Why do we need yet another standard for representing Indic scripts/sounds? If non phone-city of Roman ...
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1answer
2k views

Japanese ji versus dji and zu versus dzu (pronunciation and keyboard input issue)

I have found the following partial hiragana chart on t he internet. I was wondering, in IPA, how does ji (じ) differ from dji and zu (ず) differ from dzu? Technically, how are these pronounced? Thanks. ...
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0answers
522 views

Thai pronunciation symbols and rules on IPA

Where can I find a set of IPA symbols for Thai language pronunciation and its rules? I know IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) was mainly created to represent the differences in sounds of words ...
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1answer
174 views

Is there any difference between IPA ‘ and ʰ?

Is there any difference between IPA ‘ and ʰ? I've seen /kʰ/ also written as /k’/. Is there any fundamental difference between letter‘ and letterʰ?
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3answers
387 views

How to learn computer syllabification of IPA?

As in title. Lets say we have uhm anything (hollywood): /hɑˈliwʊˌd/ now how to make algorithm that will find all syllables in this IPA transcription: /hɑˈliwʊˌd/ => /hɑ.li.wʊd/ We can do this, ...
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1answer
358 views

Is there a programmatically accessible/structured (JSON, XML, etc) dictionary that includes IPA

Thus far I have the CMU Pronouncing Dictionary, which uses a custom set of phonemes represented in ASCII text. Just the words and pronunciations is nice, but it would be great to have actual IPA ...
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3answers
331 views

Help with palatalisation and syllabification

Does palatalisation only occur at the beginning of a given word? All textbook examples (muse, beauty...) are at the beginning. Could somebody also explain syllabification? (Lecturer hardly covered ...
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4answers
191 views

How do they separate phones' length?

In phonetics we use below symbols to talk about phones' length. My question is that how do we measure it? In other words, since these terms (long, half-long extra-short) are relative, how do we ...
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1answer
574 views

How to Transcribe R-colored Vowels (ɝ, ɚ, ɑ˞,ɔ˞) in X-SAMPA?

I'm looking at the Arpabet page on Wikipedia, and note some entries like this: Arpabet | IPA | Word Examples ER | ɝ | her (HH ER0); bird (B ER1 D); hurt (HH ER1 T), nurse (N ER1 S) Now, I'm ...
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6k views

Is there an easy way to type IPA?

I'm currently using the virtual IPA keyboard on TypeIt, but it takes forever. Is there an easy way to type IPA? I've found this list of Unicode keyboards on SIL.org but I'm not too sure how to ...
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5answers
1k views

how to produce pharyngeal sounds?

i just started self-studying arabic and i'm having trouble producing some of the sounds, specifically ض (ḍad), ظ (ẓa), ص (ṣad) and ط (ṭa). all four are pharyngealized fricatives/plosives and although ...
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3answers
6k views

Should I use square brackets or slashes when transcribing an oral text in IPA?

I am transcribing an oral text into IPA in order to compare it with the "correct" pronunciation of words (e.g. according to the dictionary). I am using slashes for both versions, but it feels ...
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1answer
158 views

Wikipedia and official IPA symbol chart appear quite different

So I am learning the IPA. I am familiar with most of the manners and places thus far. However, I am not sure which consonant chart to reference. The 2 charts I am considering seem quite different, ...
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1answer
110 views

IPA: What is the significance of the “aah” after pause in pronunciations

I'm new to phonetics and confused about something when I to listen to recordings of IPA consonantal phonemes. Here is the sound for p ... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:...
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1answer
934 views

IPA convert to English text [closed]

mænɪdʒ tʃaɪld rɪzʌlt pælɪs sku:l prəvaɪd detə sʒ:...
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Is it feasible to create an IPA adaptation for cats?

I was trying to transcribe my cat's noises into IPA. For example, her wanting to be petted is like [njæː] or [njaː]. But purring doesn't seem to fit any existing notation, except maybe [ʜ]. Has anyone ...
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1answer
545 views

What is the phonetic transcription of the name Jenna? [closed]

what is the IPA phonetic transcription of the female name Jenna? Is it ['dʒɛ nə], with stress on first syllable? I usually tend to use online dictionaries for pronunciation of words, but I couldn't ...