Skip to main content

Questions tagged [kinship-terms]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3 votes
0 answers
114 views

In any language, is there a word for a death relationship with one’s sibling?

In English, we have the word “widowed” for losing a spouse and “orphaned” for losing a parent. Is there any equivalent for one’s sibling in any language?
Jonah Weaver's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
55 views

Classification of kinship system by languages

I'm looking for a way to compare "closeness" of languages based on their kinship systems. The only thing I found is this classification, which classifies kin systems to: Eskimo, Hawaiian, ...
ChomChom's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
162 views

Inherited kinship term that is attested only in a Scandinavian dialect out of all Germanic languages

This is again a memory refreshing question. I am looking for a specific kinship term that is considered to be inherited into a Scandinavian dialect despite the fact that no other Germanic language has ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
-1 votes
3 answers
228 views

Is the word for "brother-in-law" in Germanic languages related to the Aramaic/Syriac גיס?

Here is the word for "brother-in-law" in various modern Germanic languages: schwager (German), shvugger (Yiddish), swaer (Afrikaans), svoger (Norweigan/Danish), sogor (Croatian), zwager (...
Reb Chaim HaQoton's user avatar
20 votes
12 answers
7k views

Which languages have different words for "maternal uncle" and "paternal uncle"?

According to some early Hebrew grammarians, the Biblical Hebrew word דוד (dod) specifically means "paternal uncle," while the term מסרף (misraf) means "maternal uncle" (for example,...
Reb Chaim HaQoton's user avatar
16 votes
14 answers
6k views

Do any languages have kinship terms for the relationship between the respective parents of a married couple?

Do any languages have kinship terms for the relationship between each pair of parents of a married couple? For example, how would a husband’s mother refer to the wife’s mother? Do any of the kinship ...
Mad Banners's user avatar
4 votes
7 answers
956 views

Languages with masculine nouns for various female entities, or feminine nouns for male entities

This is not an area I'm familiar with, so if any of the following description/discussion is misguided, I apologise in advance: In languages with gendered nouns, the nouns for woman and man are ...
Araucaria - him's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
485 views

When an outsider describes family relationships, which point of view are they using?

You see a family in the park and you naturally list the members as "Mom, Dad, son, and daughter". But from whose perspective is this? "Mom" and "Dad" are identifiers as seen from the perspective of ...
SlowMagic's user avatar
  • 291
5 votes
0 answers
136 views

Parent–child kinship terms for same- or different-sex relationships

Does anybody know of a natural language in which the kinship terms used for parents and children are governed not by the gender of the individual but whether or not the two people in the relationship ...
Miztli's user avatar
  • 1,085
24 votes
3 answers
9k views

Reversal of kinship terms when speaking to a child

When Turkish people speak to children, they often address them with the kinship term that the child is supposed to use for the speaker. For example a mother may call her child "anneciğim" ("my dear ...
cyco130's user avatar
  • 2,185
1 vote
0 answers
88 views

Are there words for "second cousin twice removed" in other languages?

I know in english we have a whole bunch of terms like this, do other languages have something similar?
user21753's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
725 views

Why are kinship terms typical examples of inalienablity but not meronomy?

According to Chappell & McGregor (1996: 4) there are four typical types of inalienably possessed nouns: spatial relationships such as the ’top’ or ’front’ of something physical parts, especially ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
  • 6,218
11 votes
2 answers
1k views

No etymology for "dad"?

It seems that the word "mom" derives from "mamm-", Latin for breast. I have actually heard it told that the Latin root "mamm-" derives from the baby's first natural sounds, though I cannot attribute ...
dotancohen's user avatar
  • 1,296
7 votes
2 answers
439 views

Are there any online databases of kinship terms across languages?

Related to a question at ELU, I am interested in doing a comparative analysis of kinship terms in various languages. What would help me with this is an inventory of terms for individual languages. ...
Mitch's user avatar
  • 4,475
51 votes
5 answers
15k views

Why do most words for "mother", across languages, start with an [m], and for "father" with [p]/[b], but not vice versa?

It has been observed that in general, a word for "mother" tends to be based on a bilabial nasal [m] or similar consonant, and for father it tends to be [b] or [p]. This is found in many language ...
Louis Rhys's user avatar
  • 8,551