Questions tagged [language-acquisition]

The study of language learning, especially the processes by which first languages are learned by children.

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36 views

What are typical child and adult vocabulary growth rates?

What are typical vocabulary growth rates (say, in words / day) for children and adults in their native languages? Has there been enough research to plot vocabulary growth rate vs age? I'm especially ...
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Is it possible to become truly Native Level in a secondary language?

I will specify that people born into bilingual families do not count. It must be someone who started learning the language after childhood (where one's susceptibility to language is virtually cheating)...
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57 views

Is there a difference between foreign and native accents?

As the title says, are there any linguistic differences between accents acquired from birth/childhood and accents ued by adult language learners who speak the language fluently, but still with a ...
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Critical Period for reading, writing, and listening?

I have heard about about the critical period hypothesis and how that applies to things like accents and stuff, but is there a critical period for reading, writing, and listening? After a certain age ...
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Do grammatically close languages tend to begin to use literal translations of some words in other senses in that other language?

Let's have an English phrase "let's have" and the Czech equivalent "mějme". Perhaps, at some point in the past, someone was translating a math textbook and didn't know how to translate "let's have" in ...
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132 views

How many languages can a person reasonably know?

I was looking at this video about Japanese Kanji on youtube, and found a discussion where people were talking about learning too many languages. Several claimed that they started to forget English ...
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Why is the English phoneme /θ/ pronounced like /t/ in Indian accents but /s/ in Chinese accents?

The dental fricatives (/θ/ and /ð/; spelled with th) often present a challenge to non-native learners of English. Depending on the speaker's native language, different phonemes may be substituted. In ...
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110 views

Corpus for simple or basic english

I'm trying to find a good, extensive corpus that uses "simple" or "basic" English, in the sense that it should be easily understandable to people who are not proficient in the English language. For ...
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Language Acquisition in Children from single parent

I understand this is a complex issue but I wonder if someone here can shed some light on the current understanding of this situation. I am a Portuguese father of two living in Germany. My wife is ...
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191 views

What are the structural similarities that exist common to all languages?

What (if any) are the structural similarities that all languages share that allows them to be taken in and learned by virtually all humans starting at a very young age?
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Research on development of language of modality in children 8-12?

Let me quickly introduce myself to provide a context for my questions. My PhD research focuses on ways that we can teach primary school children (9-12) ways of handling complex, contradictory and ...
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Is there a word-list for child English?

Are there any publications which list words of English that one might reasonably expect a child to know? I assume that "father" would be on the list, and "allophone; metallurgy" would not be. As for ...
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Are two word utterances by young children grammatically analysed?

At an early stage of acquisition the utterances children produce consist of only two words. Can these two word utterances be seen as syntactically or semantically analysed in any way? How productive ...
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Early language acquisition from non-native input

This answer on the Parenting Stack Exchange describes the possible effect on a child's overall language ability when well-meaning immigrant parents with limited mastery of the local language attempt ...
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Is there any “standard” definition of “linguistic input”?

Recently, I've started wondering how to characterize "linguistic input" and realized that the notion is very rarely unpacked. It seems as if everyone takes it to be obvious, and immediately goes to ...
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54 views

Can learning a new language help with speech impairment?

I'm not a linguist, but i can see the connection between speech impairment and language learning. I'm only asking because I have a slight speech impairment myself (unable to pronounce guttural sounds ...
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At what age do children lose the ability to hear phomene differences that their native language doesn't make?

As far as I understand, very young children have no trouble distinguishing many different phonemes. However, when they get older they lose the ability to hear the difference between different phonemes ...
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Accent of babies crying. Is there research other than for German and French?

In the first days of their lives, French infants already cry in a different way to German babies. This was the result of a study by researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and ...
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43 views

Second and third language “search”

Is there a term for this linguistic impulse? In my third or fourth language, when I don't know a word or phrase, I substitute a word from my other non-native language rather than the one I obviously ...
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1answer
102 views

Do people “babble” while learning an L2?

I'm currently learning Japanese (みんなさん、こんにちは!), and I've began noticing myself doing the oddest thing while listening to Japanese. I sometimes find myself uttering back sounds I hear; even when I don'...
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New Scientist Article on Spoken Language? [closed]

I wondered if anyone had seen this article on Relational Frame Theory in the most recent edition of the New Scientist? It reports an active laboratory based research programme: https://www....
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Does your brain make a distinction between vocal and non-vocal language?

Language noob here. Just curious; does are body, while learning a language, make a distinction between spoken language and sign language? Or are they all just inputs and outputs to your brain? Each ...
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What is my native language? [duplicate]

I was adopted from China when I was 10 months old. I have lived in the US since then and English is the only language I am fluent in. Would my native language and first language be English? What is my ...
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123 views

What does it mean to perceive VOT continuum categorically?

Infants and some mammals can apparently perceive VOT continuum categorically, which I guess is evidence for natural auditory sensitivities, and can explain, at least in part, the mechanisms through ...
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Do children's mispronunciations influence the development of a language?

Having read this question about how alternative names develop for a given name (Bill for William, Peggy for Margaret etc.) It seemed reasonable to me to assume that at least some of these develop due ...
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54 views

Resources to learn just grammar

I'm interested in learning about the grammar of other languages (notably German, Russian, and Arabic), but I don't really want to learn to speak them. Only their grammar, syntax, morphology, etc., to ...
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Where can I find the mentioned More than one Method article?

Chomsky mentions an article that I have never taken a look at in his talk at the University of Arizona "What is Special About Language?". I've seen "Without Social Context?" but I've never seen the ...
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required standards for US domestic foreign language education

In reference to my earlier post, I'm going to be teaching foreign languages in some capacity and was advised by a board of education that I ought to understand and incorporate foreign language edu. ...
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91 views

Would I be considered a native English speaker?

I was born and raised in a non-English speaking country from the ages of 1-5 before moving to America to start kindergarten (in American English.) So while I didn't start learning English right after ...
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1answer
50 views

simultaneous bilingualism [closed]

Are there any reliable studies on simultaneous bilingualism effects. What effects does it have on children when they are only learning to read and write in one. More importantly how does it effect ...
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176 views

How can a human have such brilliant memory for vocabulary?

How is it possible that human beings are capable of remembering tens of thousands of words (later in life even being able to spell most of them correctly and increasing their vocabulary) and what ...
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204 views

L2 acquisition as a factor in loss of “complex” grammatical features

Recently I came across a short text on Language Log briefly discussing a phenomenon which seems to affect certain languages. The author noticed that loss or heavy weakening of inflection during ...
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75 views

Support vector machines for stress prediction

I am fairly new to support vector machines and I was thinking about whether or not I could use them to tackle a specific research question in linguistics: My goal would be to find the probabilities ...
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1answer
93 views

How does an English-speaking child learn that “learned” implies success while “studied” doesn't?

I'm somehow into this question. My speculation is: An English-speaking child would first learn the word "learn" before kindergarten. He would probably learn it from his parents or playmates when ...
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Become fluent in a language without study it [closed]

I ask me if It's possible become fluent in a language without study it. When You are 1/2 years old, you learn a languages without studying it. You need just to listen and listen. So, Is it possible ...
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81 views

Are native speakers familiar with such things from young age?

Are native speakers (of any given language, say English) with average IQs at a relatively young age (say, under 10 years old) without exposure to dictionaries, encyclopedias, formal education and ...
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91 views

Do difficult native languages slow down early education?

Do students from countries that teach native languages considered to be quite difficult (e.g. Japanese) generally take longer to master that language? Or does the power of being surrounded by a ...
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189 views

Spoken Language Dataset of L2 Acquisition

Is there a publicly available dataset of spoken language for L2 acquisition? I would prefer children learning an L2, but any age range is fine. It would be great, but not necessary, to have speaking ...
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2k views

How do people learn a totally foreign language that has not been studied at all? [duplicate]

In modern times, there are countless ways of learning foreign languages, for example, through the Internet. But those languages are mostly well studied and understood, and a guideline on how to learn ...
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1answer
338 views

How and when do French children learn to select between masculine and feminine forms of words when referring to themselves?

I am interested in what knowledge we have regarding the process by which a young child acquiring French as a first language learns to choose correctly between the masculine and feminine forms of ...
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445 views

How do illiterate French people learn which pronunciation to use in different sentences?

Are there any studies on language acquisition for illiterate French people? Are they aware of the spelling of French words on a subconscious level to be able to pronounce them correctly in different ...
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1answer
143 views

Sources on average retention rate of language based on time [closed]

I am creating a language learning app and am interested in sources/publications which offer statistics on retention rate of languages over time. For example, I have data that my product taught ...
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35 views

On the programmatic creation of non-English 'syngraphs' for the purpose of lexicon study

I am a native English speaker. I have recently come to the conclusion that the main obstacle in my learning of foreign languages is always the study of the lexicon, which is vast and largely '...
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1answer
148 views

What is my first language: the one I'm more familiar with, or the one I learned first?

I was born in Korea and so Korean was the first language I learned. However, I moved to the US when I was one years old, and after I entered the school system, I quickly learned English. Now, I am ...
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348 views

What do we know about primary language loss?

Living for the past five years in countries in which English is not the native language has left me feeling that my use of my native tongue has somewhat diminished in daily speech. When I talk to my ...
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1answer
71 views

Has any research been done on the effect of introversion on language learning?

I am looking for any research that covers introversion, or more specifically, reluctance or inabilty to learn by speaking with others.
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131 views

Was a study published about some linguists who taught their children only a constructed language?

I heard a myth that group of linguists made an experiment with their own children and taught them only a artificial language (in that myth it was a loglan), but if it was true a scientific paper would ...
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If someone grows up bilingually, with what accent will they speak a third language they learn as an adult?

If someone grows up bilingually (say, a Mexican-American who's a native speaker of both English and Spanish), and they learn a third language (say, Mandarin), what accent will they speak it with? (Or ...
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111 views

How can you learn to read older dialects of your first language(s)?

Abbreviate ED as earlier dialects of your modern first language(s). I desire to read writing written in only ED (eg: philosophy written in English or French dated from 1400) and NOT in languages ...
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Help us save a dying language with only 1 speaker left! [closed]

It's difficult to do this single-handedly, so I could use some professional help. :) I'm a professor of Ancient Egyptian (and cosmology as well, which means I'm a perfect target for conspiracy ...