Questions tagged [language-contact]

Interaction of two languages, often leading to changes in one or both languages.

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8
votes
2answers
2k views

Why are mixed languages so rare?

It seems to be an established fact that mixed languages are rare, and that most languages can be classified as belonging to some family. And this seems to be true; for example, in the former ...
-7
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2answers
92 views

Where does the Afro branch of the Semitic language originate? [closed]

I require information to help solve a problem. The problem i am trying to solve, is the problem of the Semitic language. Semitic language Semitic languages The Semitic languages, previously also ...
6
votes
1answer
401 views

Is there any superstrate influence of Old East Norse left in East Slavic languages?

The word "Russia" is derived from the name "Rus", the name of a Viking tribe originating from Sweden who ended up founding kingdoms in what is now Russia, Belarus and Ukraine, most notably the so-...
7
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0answers
513 views

Is there any evidence of language contact between the Inuit and Ainu languages?

The Eskimo-Aleut and Ainu languages were historically spoken in the same region (near the Kamchatka Peninsula), and they share some features that are common in Paleo-Siberian languages, including ...
8
votes
3answers
295 views

Can two close languages be merged?

For example: Norwegian and Danish are very close. If for some reason, Norwegian and Danish people live together in the same place, after a certain time, they'll speak the same language, will they? ...
6
votes
1answer
109 views

How effective is linguistics at tracking trade routes?

Is anyone aware of any studies done that show the effectiveness of using linguistics as a means of identifying trade between civilizations. I'll provide this example for what I mean: I have been told ...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

English & Competing Borrowings: How many “pre-Norman” loanwords are known to have been replaced by “post-Hastings” ones?

What I am looking for: As my question suggests, I'm interested in words English has adopted from other languages. More specifically, I'm interested in old Celtic or Scandinavian (or other) loanwords ...
5
votes
6answers
2k views

Are there any words understood by speakers of any language in the world?

Are there any words probably understood by “everyone” in the world? I understand that this question needs multiple clarifications, including the following: By a 'word' I mean a word used in the ...
2
votes
2answers
418 views

Language shift because of contact or interest

Are there any examples of language shift, where population A changes language because of contacts with population B? I am not looking about examples where population A was conquered or colonized by B. ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Influence of Polish and Czech on the phonology of German dialects

German has for more than 1000 years been in contact with West Slavic languages, notably Polish and Czech. This is highly likely to have led to borrowing or interference between these languages, in ...
13
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2answers
608 views

Dental fricatives for Brazilian Portuguese speakers

Whenever I observe my fellow Brazilian countrymen learning to speak English, a clear sound change pattern stands out: [θ] → [f] [ð] → [d], syllable-initial [f], syllable-final So, for example,...
5
votes
1answer
216 views

To what extent do African dialects of Italian differ from their European counterparts?

According to Wikipedia, Italian is spoken to some degree in Libya, Eritrea and Federal Republic of Somalia. Are there in Africa any clearly different varieties of this language which have distinct ...
3
votes
5answers
3k views

Are there any loanwords between Turkish and Armenian?

In the Ottoman Empire, both Turks and Armenians shared common social and cultural domains, but are there any loanwords in either language from either side - i.e. Turkish loanwords in Armenian or ...
1
vote
2answers
433 views

What is probable origin of Basque word for city/town?

The Basque word for 'town/city' is hiri, with mute H. Could its origin be in Middle Eastern languages with its subsequent incorporation into Basque through the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia? There is ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Are there any linguistic factors that influence the degree to which a language accepts loanwords?

Obviously, the degree to which loanwords enter a language is highly influenced by culture - for instance, a community which has a lot of contact with another culture, through which many new objects / ...
12
votes
2answers
492 views

Is there any case of a “convergent language family”?

As far as I know, language families originate from a process of divergent, tree-like evolution. All the languages within a family or subfamily can be traced back to the same proto-language, which was ...
23
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5answers
5k views

Was there a Semitic influence on Proto-Germanic?

One of the hypotheses supported by Theo Vennemann and other linguists is that Proto-Germanic was influenced by some Semitic language. The evidence they present for their case includes: Loss of some ...
11
votes
4answers
3k views

Do languages borrow morphemes?

It is clear that languages can borrow words and even syntax from other languages but do they borrow morphemes? For example, the English morpheme -ation has a very specific usage in Portuguese. It is ...