Questions tagged [lexical-relations]

Lexical relations include antonyms, synonyms, hypernyms, hyponyms, etc.

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Comparing two cognate lists, how do I determine validity?

A man created a list of 406 words, place and tribe names that he transcribed into English (Roman alphabet) and placed them side-by-side with ancient Hebrew names (that were likewise transcribed) to ...
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cohesion- ellipsis

I'm currently analysing some of my old literacy work from primary school (5/6 years old), focussing on cohesion. When looking at ellipsis I find that I cannot place a category on what kind (if at all) ...
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Metonym Hyponym: nym relationship

is there a "nym" relationship between "Ford" and "car"?
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(Ancient Greek) Dogs and Emptiness, κύων and κενόω, related?

I've been curious about the concepts of emptiness and dogs. I have independently been exploring these and there seem to be some theological/philosophical convergence between Joshua and Caleb from the ...
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How much do linguistic similarities and differences affect race relations? [closed]

Going to preface this that I think this is probably more of an anthropological subject, but I couldn't find a stack exchange for that, so this was my next best guess. The thought occurred to me ...
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Is it possible for part-for-part metonymy to exist?

In linguistics, I have seen prior examples of part-for-whole (The new face in the class, where face refers to the individual person) and whole-for-part (New York won the game, where New York refers to ...
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334 views

Is "parent" a hyponym or a meronym of "parents"?

A hyponym is a word or phrase whose semantic field is included within that of another word. A meronym denotes a constituent part of, or a member of something It can be said that "parents" is ...
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Word for synonyms with different degree

How call words expressing same thing but varying degree? hot - warm - cold - frozen
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German Dependency Parsing - question about dependencies between "sich ____ lassen"

I'm working on project regarding German dependency parsing, and came across something I'm a bit unsure about. Using a parser, when given an input (whether it be in a sentence or just the verbs) which ...
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Is there a word in which the concept and its complement is expressed?

Is there a word in which the concept and its complement is expressed, for example if I would like to express "the dichotomy of truth and falsehood" in one word. Obviously, the construction need not ...
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85 views

"but" usage (redundancy of "but")

We all know that "but" is used to replace "except" or indicate that the first clause is contrastive to the second in a way, or the logic these two sentences bear is somewhat contradictory. But, I see ...
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How to apply TF-IDF on my bows after generating frequencies

I'm working on document similarity using WordNet, though I have no idea how to apply the IDF weighting at this point in my code. I'm sure this weighting is one of the most simple things out there, but ...
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Phraseology definition

What's difference between free-phrase and fixed phrase? Because for some linguist differentiate phraseme (fixed phrase) into 3 part, vollidiomatizität, teilidiomatizität und nichtidiomatizität.
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What is the term describing a word using in the definition of another word?

From definiens - Wiktionary: (semantics) The word or phrase that defines the definiendum in a definition. In the defining statement “A lake is a large, landlocked, naturally occurring stretch of ...
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What's the difference between metonymy, meronymy, meronomy and mereology?

I know that these terms are used in different subfields of linguistics: Metonymy and metonyms are used in rhetorics and metaphor theory. Meronymy and meronyms are used in lexical semantics. Meronomy, ...
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107 views

Library of regular expressions for lexical relations in a corpus

I would like to ask if there is a library of regular expressions for mining patterns reflecting lexical semantic relations from a corpus. These patterns should cover a wide variety of aspects synonymy ...
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585 views

Dictionaries with binary semantic features

In lexical semantics, a lot of meaning in individual words, the concept behind the utterance, is captured in ontological relations: is-like for synonymy, is-a for a hypernym hierarchy. But this doesn'...
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Term for a similar word that cannot stand for it in every context?

I once learned a term meaning a similar word that cannot stand for it in every context, i.e. a synonym that doesn't work in every instance the original word can (not a hypernym). What is this term?
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How are brothers and sisters not KINDS of siblings?

Source: Understanding Semantics (2 ed, 2013) by Sebastian Löbner [p 217, Definition 9:] A set of expressions is a taxonomy if and only if: (i) they form a conceptual hierarchy in terms of ...
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Are "mother" and "father" antonyms?

I think that this is not pure antonymy. If it's still antonymy, do linguists have a separate term for this type of semantic relationship?
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871 views

Are linguistic units organized in conceptual categories?

When we perceive something, we tend to categorize it. For example, when we hear the word puppy, we think of the concept of dogs and then the conceptual category of animals. Is it acceptable to claim ...
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111 views

how the word "car" is related with the word "driver"

how the word "car" is related with the word "driver?" I was looking through the list of relationship terms like hyponym, hypernym, part-of, consist-of. But this is a relationship that one is operating ...
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1answer
167 views

Is there a term ending in "-nym," that signifies terms that all have the same hypernym?

We have terms like hyponym and hypernym, which convey the relationships "subcategories" and "supercategory". Metaphorically, one could think of such relationships as similar to parent/children ...
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345 views

What is the lexical relationship between 'kingdom' and 'phylum'?

In biology humans belong to the kingdom of animalia and the phylum chordata. Every organism that belongs to chordata belongs also to animalia but not the other way around. Animalia is a hypernym of ...