Questions tagged [marking]

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5
votes
3answers
276 views

Is there any language where the past tense is the base form of a verb?

The fictional language Flaidish has this feature. But I recently found out about a natural language (Mixtec) where the present isn't the base form of a verb, its the future tense. I found this ...
0
votes
1answer
582 views

How can a syllable be marked?

I understand how a word can be marked, for example the word walks is marked with the suffix -s. But what is meant by marked and unmarked syllables ? (Not marked or unmarked words) Can you give ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Marking subject/object that is not a pronoun?

I've recently been on a kind of a morphology seminar and was informed that it is not an uncommon phenomenon for languages to specifically mark subjects and objects which are not pronouns - an example ...
2
votes
0answers
135 views

What approaches exist to categorizing kinds of passive agent markers and what are their advantages?

For my thesis I would like to conduct a study on the cross-linguistic distribution of agent markers in passives. In English, this marker is usually realized by the preposition 'by', as in (including a ...
6
votes
2answers
353 views

Is it okay that Ergative case be unmarked?

I found a language of Celebes island in Indonesia, its name is Mongondow (mog). It has a Phillipine's Alignment morphosyntactic which it has combination of Accusative and Ergative languages. The word ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

What is the origin of the dominance of unmarked terms?

The definition of markedness, says that unmarked terms are dominant over marked terms. In this context, is dominance assumed to stem from biological or cultural constraints (like some sounds are ...
1
vote
1answer
430 views

Why do languages with extensive verb cross-referencing morphology require less overt marking for embedding than other languages do?

Conlanging is my hobby, and I would like to think more creatively about embedding. Since nature is always more inventive than any hobbyist can be, I've been reading about embedding in natural ...