Questions tagged [mathematical-language]

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An Overview of Mathematical-Logical Approaches in Formalizing Natural Languages

I am an undergraduate mathematics student with a keen interest in pursuing research in the formalization of natural languages (from a more mathematical-logical approach), yet there aren't many ...
Heleyrine Brookvinth's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer

Why would Hawaiian diphthongs have this structure?

The diphthongs in the Hawaiian language are: ai ae ao au ei eu iu oi ou One way to remember this is the diagram: Here, a diphthong “xy” can be formed whenever “x” is further left than “y”. This ...
Bjørn Kjos-Hanssen's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers

Is 'x' the written form for the speech sound ɛks in this sentence?

Consider the following spoken sentence written in phonetic transcription: lɛt ɛks dɪˈnəʊt ən ˈɛlɪmənt ɒv ðə sɛt ------------1 (I don't know how to do phonetic transcriptions, I used a website for ...
Harshit Rajput's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers

Grammatical case in terms of ER-model

Question. Can grammatical cases be modeles in terms of predicate logic of ER-nodel or UML? Relevance. I have always struggled to understand grammatical categories of my native language, they always ...
Alex Alex's user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
0 answers

Mathematical linguistics model of "esperanto"

I'm interested in a mathematical linguistics model of Esperanto (or alternatively, more complicated languages such as English/German). In particular I'm interested in a rule-based approach to generate ...
Puraṭci Vinnani's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer

What is the term for a phrase that connects two objects with some relation?

In mathematics, we usually see symbols that join two objects: numbers, sets, etc. The more familiar one is the equality symbol "=" which in a formal standpoint means "is logically ...
Jack Frosher's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers

Formalizing Natural Languages

I've been interested in the subject of metalanguages [in mathematical logic] and how (if) we can formalize them. Most metalanguages I've encountered use some variation of a natural language (such as ...
Heleyrine Brookvinth's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers

Is there a topic in linguistics that uses differential calculus or AP stats level statistics?

I'm doing a math project that requires the research of an application of differential calculus or statistics, and as someone who is very interested in linguistics, I was wondering if there is any area ...
Linguist123's user avatar
-1 votes
4 answers

Is the way words are used the biggest obstacle in understanding science and technology? [closed]

Do I have a point to say that, in the area of science, people have difficulties understanding it mostly due to the way words are used to describe whatever it may be? One may understand the words ...
Meta_Alchemy's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer

Is there a human language with a continuous and differentiable morphology/phonology?

This might be a strangely framed question for a liguist, since I'm a physicist and know very little about this field. My question relates to how changing a symbol (for example a letter) in a word ...
Swike's user avatar
  • 111
0 votes
1 answer

How are inline fractions written in modern Hebrew? Which way does the slash tilt? [closed]

The question Why does SpaceIL's Beresheet landing graphics show m\s instead of m/s? in Space Exploration refers to the display of velocities shown in the cropped screenshot below of a different video ...
uhoh's user avatar
  • 119
-2 votes
2 answers

What natural symbolic representations could be used for Mathematical constants?

We know mathematics is a language by itself. But to evoke any constants or any arbitrary values as such to solve anything, prior knowledge of a particular symbol and its usage must be understood. ...
Kaustubh Sinha's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers

What term predated "even" when referring to numbers? [closed]

In doing some poking around in etymologies, I noticed that while "odd" in the sense of "odd number" is attested as early as c.1300 (and is in fact the original sense of the term), "even" in the sense ...
Justin Hilyard's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer

logic symbol for 'unlike, differing from'

I'd like to express 'unlike, differing from', in an 'academic/professional' fashion using logic symbol(s) or mathematical operators. The descriptions of the corresponding Unicode block seem to show ...
GJC's user avatar
  • 275
8 votes
4 answers

Is math a language?

Is math a language? Is "language" a comprehensive description of mathematics? Maybe this is just a trivial description... or possibly there something about mathematics that is missed by describing it ...
MmmHmm's user avatar
  • 199
6 votes
1 answer

How is category theory applied in linguistics?

I am learning monoidal category applied in quantum information and quantum field theory, and several references say that monoidal category is somehow related to linguistics via Hopf algebra of quantum ...
David Sun's user avatar
  • 303
13 votes
2 answers

Besides logics, what mathematical tools are used in the study of linguistics?

I learned of connections between linguistics and category theory when I'm learning the application of category theory in quantum field theory. Being aware that axiomatic set theory (logics) is ...
David Sun's user avatar
  • 303
3 votes
0 answers

"Sei" in German mathematical texts [closed]

I am a native German speaker and one year ago i wrote a mathematical text and gave it to a friend who knows nothing about maths to look for typos. I often used the following or similar formulations: "...
Joe_base's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers

Terminology for the words used to represent fractions in a language? Examples where it is different to the words used for cardinal or ordinal numbers?

While in English Romance languages and Germanic languages, the rendering of fractions usually corresponds to that of the ordinal numbers, i.e a fifth, and a sixth, a seventh, etc. ; it seems to me ...
Some_Guy's user avatar
  • 266
3 votes
2 answers

Syntax presupposed by Heim and Kratzer

Heim and Kratzer's "Semantics in Generative Grammar", bases its semantics on some version of transformational syntax. However, it is remarkably inexplicit about formalising the syntax it presupposes ...
user65526's user avatar
  • 229
2 votes
1 answer

How did the ancient Greeks say out loud "1" (which was written in another way)?

I have read about alpha, but back in time there was another notation, using the vertical sign |. I'd like to know how they pronounced it. EDIT: with a bit of more research, I've actually found that ...
Vincenzo Oliva's user avatar
-3 votes
2 answers

How to solve 48÷2(9+3) from a linguistics perspective? [closed]

Suppose an alien life comes to Earth, and challenges us to answer a question that will allow them do determine if we can communicate without ambiguities and solve controversies in a rational way. The ...
fernacolo's user avatar
  • 113
8 votes
6 answers

Is there a branch of linguistics using Calculus as a mathematical tool?

Is there a branch of linguistics using Calculus as a mathematical tool? I mean, can we use differential or integrate in linguistic study?
Ave Maleficum's user avatar
21 votes
3 answers

How are mathematical operators like "plus" and "cos" analyzed?

Consider the mathematical statement 1 + 2 = 3 It is read in English as One plus two equals three. One plus two is equal to three. In English at least, equals is obviously an ordinary verb, ...
Mechanical snail's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer

Semantics of ordinary language mathematical claims?

Can anyone point me towards some good work on the semantics of ordinary language mathematical claims? Any tips would be greatly appreciated. For example, when a geometer says of Euclidean geometry "...
Dennis's user avatar
  • 472