Questions tagged [minimal-pairs]

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15
votes
3answers
3k views

Can loudness of speech sounds influence meaning?

In Chinese, words can have different meanings if their tones are changed, e.g. 是 (shì) and 十 (shí). In Italian, words can have different meanings if a consonant is geminated, e.g. sete and sette. My ...
6
votes
3answers
152 views

Is there good evidence for five vowel phonemes in Hittite?

The Hittite writing system generally distinguishes three, sometimes four vowels: /a i u/ and sometimes /e/. However, I've seen it suggested that the language actually had five vowel phonemes, ...
0
votes
0answers
100 views

minimal pairs for Portuguese

Does anyone know of a list of minimal pairs for pronunciation, preferably with audio files? So far the best I have found https://european-portuguese.info/minimalpairs but this is specific to European. ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Which language has the most vowel phonemes?

Which language has the largest number of vowels with minimal pairs?
6
votes
2answers
578 views

Does a difference of tense count as a difference of meaning in a minimal pair?

Does a difference in tense count as a difference in meaning in a minimal pair? Here's a made up example to illustrate my question: If we know that: [wuga] means "read" [wugi] means "reading" Can ...
3
votes
1answer
309 views

I need a list of common minimal pairs in Thai

I'm looking for a list of minimal pairs in Thai where the only difference is an accent mark/diacritic. One example would be ห่าง (far) =/= ห้าง (store) Is there someplace to find this? My Thai ...
2
votes
2answers
861 views

Are there any minimal pairs for German lax/tense vowels?

As we know, most German vowels have a 'tense' (or long) pronunciation and a 'lax' (or short) pronunciation. Most of the time, which pronunciation should be used can be determined by the context that ...
2
votes
1answer
200 views

Looking for a database of minimal pairs

I'm looking for a database of english minimal pairs that is at least somewhat organized by some principle such as features or phonemes similar to : https://www.speech-language-therapy.com/index.php?...
3
votes
2answers
186 views

help with minimal pairs in English

In a famous paper on phonology R. Jakobson made an example of an English minimal triplet as follows: pop ~ tot ~ cock By this example he wanted to show that syllable onset and coda positions ...
3
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6answers
1k views

Are there minimal pairs between normal length and long vowels in English?

Are there minimal pairs between vowels of normal length such as a and vowels of long length such as aː?
10
votes
2answers
959 views

Why don't minimal pairs like “быть” and “бить” prove that /ɨ/ and /i/ are separate phonemes in Russian?

In analyses of Russian, there's a dispute about whether the vowels /ɨ/ and /i/ (typically represented in the orthography as "ы" and "и", respectively) are separate phonemes, or if [ɨ] is an allophone ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Which languages contrast /ɕ/ and /ʃ/?

According to Wikipedia, there's a phonemic contrast between /ɕ/ and /ʃ/ in Ubykh, North Qiang, South Qiang and Luxembourgish (though they are merging). Do any other languages exhibit this distinction? ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

List of minimal pairs in Turkish

Is anyone aware of a resource (web-based or in print) providing a comprehensive list of minimal pairs in Turkish?
4
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2answers
417 views

Georgian minimal pairs with p' t' k'

Does anybody know any minimal pairs for /p'/ and /p/, /t'/ and /t/ or /k'/ and /k/ in Georgian (or any other indigenous caucasian language)? I'm writing a seminar paper about ejectives in caucasian ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

List of French minimal pairs

I recently asked a general question about minimal pairs (i.e. words that differ by one phoneme) and got a link to a website that provides a comprehensive list of English minimal pairs. Is there a ...
3
votes
2answers
899 views

Resource for German minimal pairs

I recently asked a general question about minimal pairs and got a link to a website that provides a comprehensive list of English minimal pairs. Is there a similar list for German minimal pairs?
1
vote
0answers
720 views

Database of words that differ by one phoneme

I want to test whether people are able to distinguish different phonemes from each other. Example: men (/mɛn/) and man (/mæn/) The user of the software is supposed to hear the correct pronunciation ...
3
votes
0answers
331 views

Seeking Lao minimal pairs for /ɯ/ vs /ɤ/ vs /ɯː/ vs /ɤː/

In learning Lao one of the tricky things For a native English speaker is the two vowels that we don't have in English and sound very similar to us. This is compounded by the fact that both exist in ...
10
votes
5answers
44k views

How to distinguish Korean “ㅔ” /e/ and “ㅐ” /ɛ/?

I've always had trouble with the distinction between the "e"-like vowels in European languages: /e/ vs /ɛ/. But pronouncing them the same has never caused me any problems. In fact I don't even know ...
3
votes
1answer
241 views

Do infants deliberately change the words when they omit the sounds and these words are minimal pairs?

While I was studying an infant's transcript, I realized that he deleted the [l] sound in "alma" [alma], a word in Turkish meaning "do not take". When he deleted the sound, the word became [a:ma]. ...
4
votes
3answers
631 views

Are there minimal pairs for “l” vs “ll” in Albanian?

I'd like to ask some Albanian speakers to say pairs of words which come as close to possible as differing only by one of each pair having "l" and the other having "ll". I'm trying to hear and ...