Questions tagged [movement]

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Floating quantifiers in X-bar theory: “the men all have gone”

In chapter 9 of Syntax: A generative Introduction (2nd ed), Carnie shows that we can solve some problems by generating subjects in Spec of VP and letting them move to Spec of TP. In the first ...
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29 views

Cartographic diagnostics for being in SPEC-FocP?

What are some good Cartographic diagnostics for whether a constituent has moved to SPEC-FocP in the left periphery, versus somewhere else (like SPEC-TP or another position in the left periphery)? In ...
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1answer
66 views

How do movement-based theories account for extraposition?

I'm looking at this example of Extraposition from Wikipedia: Then under Theoretical Accounts (of discontinuity in general) it is written that "[m]odern theories of transformational grammar ... assume ...
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2answers
68 views

Allowed surface locations of [+wh] phrases apparently depend on semantics—if so, how and why?

Consider Harvey's machine can resemble a human completely or not at all. 1a) ... The extent to which it resembles a human is determined by its software. 1b) ... To which extent it resembles a human ...
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1answer
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What would English sound like if the Normans were Spanish? [closed]

In 1066, a group of French soldiers entered Britain. They spread French with them, and French became the language of nobility. In fact, 30% of our words are French. How would our English be different ...
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164 views

V to T movement in German

Consider the the embedded clause "du Schach gespielt hast" in this sentence Ich glaube dass du Schach gespielt hast. I think that you chess played have ‘I think that you have ...
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2answers
150 views

Does a null-subject language always have to satisfy EPP?

I am analyzing Latin word order. As in many other languages, most Latin sentences begin with the subject, but I've noticed quite a few that have many complements and adjuncts and then end with the ...
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2answers
205 views

Can a TG generate sentences which a CFG cannot generate?

TG is transformational grammar. CFG is context free grammar. A TG includes a CFG, and if you remove the transformations from a TG, what is left is a CFG, at least in my understanding of classical TG ...
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1answer
232 views

Is 'raising' an outdated concept in modern linguistics?

Here's a paragraph from this EFL Magazine article "SUBJECT RAISING: DO YOU HAPPEN TO KNOW?" (2015): Not long ago, most linguists believed there really was a set of processes in our brains ...
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1answer
114 views

Question on move operation

I'm learning about minimalism at the moment. I'm not sure if I understand the move operation. I think I understand that in English the move operation takes place when you want to formulate a question....
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78 views

Head to head movement (V to T) in Haitian Creole

Bouki pa konnen Boukinet (S) (NEG) (V) (O) Why is there no V-T raising in this example? Is it because there is no adverb?
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1answer
360 views

What is the difference between successive-cyclic wh-movement and long-distance wh-movement?

I am concerned with movement spanning the barrier between two clauses, such as: What did John say [CP that Mary will buy __]? or What did John say [CP will Mary buy __]? //with the same meaning as ...
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1answer
74 views

What languages have extraction markers?

I'm looking for languages that have extraction markers or wh-agreement markers like those cited in Chung (1994) in Chamorro below: The example shows wh-agreement morphology on the verb when the ...
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2answers
716 views

How do contractions work in syntactic movement?

Specifically when the surface structure uncontracted would be ungrammatical. Eg: "Don't turtles live forever?" (Do turtles not live forever/*Do not turtles live forever). EDIT - Sorry if it's broad ...
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1answer
211 views

Why do 'wonder' and 'think' act differently in wh-movement?

For instance: Object moving: Who do you think that John saw t? (correct) *Who do you wonder that John saw t? (incorrect) Subject moving: Who do you think t saw John? (correct) *Who do you wonder t ...
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1answer
2k views

Is the V-T movement possible in English?

To clarify: V-T movement would be a type of movement of the V head (verb phrase) to I (or T) head (inflection phrase). Some languages, like French, allow for this movement. But during my syntax ...
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2answers
150 views

X-bar theory without movement

Are there any theories out there that use X-bar theory but deny movement (like Dependency Syntax can)?
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139 views

What is the difference between Travis' head movement constraint and Rizzi's relativized minimality?

What is the difference between the head movement constraint of Travis (1984), and the relativized minimality of Rizzi (1990)?
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1answer
323 views

Restrictions on Wh-movement

I know that for wh-movement out of a non-root CP successive cyclic movement is needed, so moving to spec-CP of the lower CP and then from there to the root-CP, but what's the specific restriction on ...
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1answer
273 views

Syntax: VP subject internal null V head from Carnie's book

I'm going to try to ask this question in a way it doesn't look like a homework assignment, which is not, because previous message was classified off-topic. I'm reading Carnie's book, and he just ...
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51 views

Movement and Spell-Out of Heads

Generally, DPs need to move to certain positions or configurations in order to check for case features (among other things) and allow spell-out. For example, raising predicates raise the subject of an ...
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434 views

The Minimalist Program and Features

In MP, constituents move as a last resort in order to get certain features checked. For example, subjects in English move from within the predicate of a sentence to SpecIP in order to get its strong ...
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1answer
61 views

Is v-spec Specific for agent? If so, How to Solve This Problem?

In my syntax classes, I learnt that v-spec is specific for agent role. The thing is, I came across a structure in the resource below: Radford, A. (2004). Minimalist Syntax: Exploring the Structure ...
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2answers
459 views

On the Analysis of Tough-Movement

Tough-movement was said to involve object-to-subject movement back in the day. The object of the embedded clause is raised to the matrix clause: Mary1 is tough to please t1 Later, the analysis of ...
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156 views

What features cause Head Movement?

Suppose a head, T, moves to C. In the minimalist program, what features cause the movement of that head? I've been looking at literature on head movement but all I can find is papers on arguments for ...
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59 views

Passive Imperatives

The optional subject of an imperative is usually the second person pronoun. I've found something quite peculiar in Malay, where the utterance is an imperative and is passive but the subject is not the ...
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4k views

What is A-movement ? Can I find a short essay that can explain it?

I have been trying to get a summarized idea about A-movement. I wish you could help me out with this . Thanks
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1answer
410 views

Head to head movement

Let's assume that in a head-final language like Turkic ones In complement clauses embedded clause is a TP, the verb occupies T position and the subject Spec-TP. Let's also assume that we have an ...
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1answer
142 views

A better understanding of Verb Second

Verb second is the phenomenon in which the finite verb is preceded by exactly one constituent. Not all languages have verb second, though, as can be seen here. The only thing I do not understand is ...
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183 views

Hypotheses for floating quantifier's positions in generative grammar

Regarding the floating quantifiers' theory on external argument's movement. These data raises two different problems: a) The dogs ALL should have been petted. b) *The dogs should have been ALL ...
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1answer
203 views

Why doesn't the subject prevent WH- extraction of an internal argument?

I think this is a very basic question. Whom will you invite? Why doesn't the subject you block the movement of whom? I'll try an answer: the movement of whom is not an A-movement because it isn'...
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734 views

Ontological status of syntactic transformations

Syntactic theories in the generative tradition involve transformations, i.e. movement of constituents, between deep structure and surface structure. What is actually meant by this? Is it intended as a ...