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Questions tagged [online-resources]

Websites, pages, and downloadable content which provide resources useful to linguists.

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3 votes
2 answers
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How to find info on rare languages?

I keep trying to find languages that match the features of my conlangs for help figuring out how to use features I'm not used to. However, its rare that WALS to tell me about any language you can find ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
201 views

Parsers and syntax trees for natural languages

Say I have a string representing text in a natural language, for example: She is an effective teacher. Most students have found her reasonably helpful. Is there a programming library or command line ...
forgodsakehold's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
96 views

Are there online resources from which I can study ancient Umbrian?

Unfortunately I can not find a substantial resource that can help me in the study of ancient Umbrian. I have tried to search up on the Web, however the only resources I had found were about lexicon. ...
Damian's user avatar
  • 31
4 votes
1 answer
664 views

What has happened to the World Phonotactics Database?

There was a resource named "World Phonotactics Database" once located at http://phonotactics.anu.edu.au/, but this location has gone. Searching for World Phonotactics Database on the web ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
47 views

Who says that words historically evolve from concrete meanings to more abstract meanings?

Conventional wisdom says that when a word has two meanings -- one concrete/tangible and one abstract -- the concrete meanings is the older one, and the more abstract one is the newer meaning that ...
Reb Chaim HaQoton's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
46 views

Need help with sources in the field of language identity

I am about to write a term paper for a German "TESOL" certificate in Germany. The term paper is about whether "there is a connection between the point in time at which the national ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 21
1 vote
1 answer
366 views

Full list of ISO-639-6

Is there a full list of codes in ISO-639-6:2009 (Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 6: Alpha-4 code for comprehensive coverage of language variants) such as a cached mirror or ...
lkjsfkshd's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
1 answer
32 views

Sites for collecting and mapping vocab differences within languages

What are the publicly available websites for mapping (and collecting data) on vocabulary differences within a language? For French there is Français de nos régions. For English there is ...
Mitch's user avatar
  • 4,485
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

Where online can I find a list of all the Hapax Legomena in the Hebrew Bible?

I am looking for a list online of all Hapax Legomena in the Hebrew Bible in text format that I can copy and paste into MS Word for further studies. I need something that's free and is not in a picture ...
Reb Chaim HaQoton's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
67 views

Which online sources provide narrow transcriptions for English?

I've tried a dozen of online English dictionaries, and all of them give broad transcriptions. So it's impossible to tell from them, for example, how many aspirated "p"s there are in "appropriate". ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
47 views

Can the conceptual metaphor be approached syntactically?

I am really interested in studying how syntax is connected to cognition. I would like to see if the conceptual nature of metaphor can also be approached syntactically. But I don't know where to start. ...
V.Lydia's user avatar
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2 votes
5 answers
12k views

Is there a French IPA translator for free?

I am looking for a completely free French IPA translator as I'm currently attempting to learn the language and need help understanding the pronunciation. Looking for a text translator, audio optional
James Smith's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
75 views

Resources for Indonesian/Austronesian etymology

I'm looking for online resources for Austronesian languages etymology. KBBI doesn't provide any etymology, which is astonishing for such a notable and official dictionary. The only source I've found ...
Quidam's user avatar
  • 632
1 vote
0 answers
51 views

Need online resources to compare the pronunciation in Latin, Old French and Old English

I'm looking for resources giving old French pronunciation, for instance as IPA. I know that the pronunciation of old French is quite regular, but I cannot find a dictionary with pronunciations. I ...
Quidam's user avatar
  • 632
1 vote
3 answers
236 views

Sources on statistics of phonological properties of languages

I am looking for basic linguistic properties of Indo-European languages that provide a purely statistical description of the phoneme-aspect of the language. I am looking for any of the following data: ...
István Zachar's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
383 views

Good audio resources for the ejective consonants

I think I understand the ejective consonants, but even after listening to the Wikipedia audio clips, I am not sure I would be able to distinguish them from the corresponding "regular" consonant, like ...
Lance's user avatar
  • 4,380
0 votes
2 answers
115 views

Verifying these resources are accurate written representations for each language using Latin script

I am a bit confused by the languages that use the Latin script, not sure if the version of the Latin script they are using is a transliteration of something else, or if that is actually what the ...
Lance's user avatar
  • 4,380
3 votes
2 answers
713 views

Which free resource to find word frequency?

My hypothesis is that math jargon is more aliening than other academic fields, and I want to concrete that by an example of the average frequency of the word in these two definitions of "...
Ooker's user avatar
  • 267
-2 votes
1 answer
115 views

Word Lists of Various Languages [closed]

I was looking for lists of words (preferably txt files) in various languages I was looking for just lists of words without any additional data spanning as many languages as possible. Thanks
Husnain Raza's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
98 views

Natural Language Processing Meta-Super-Dictionary

The end goal of asking this question is to find a big (probably several hundred petabyte) data file expressing the meanings of words based on their interactions with other word in as many languages as ...
Jack G's user avatar
  • 97
2 votes
1 answer
108 views

Status of ISLRN (International Standard Language Resource Number)?

I just came across an initiative for International Standard Language Resource Numbers. Visiting their website leaves some questions open on the current status and the prospects of the initiative. Who ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
54 views

Conversational IPA

Is there any online dictionary which shows conversational version of phrases e.g. /ə ˈkʌpə tiː/ instead of /ˈə ˈkʌp ˈəv ˈtiː/ ? And if there's no one, where can I obtain conversation versions of ...
andrei vladislavlev's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
175 views

Tags in opencorpora Russian corpus.

I am looking through xml file of opencorpora.org and trying to understand their meaning. Here is an example: <sentence id="23847"> <source>это просто прекрасно по-моему.&...
user1700890's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
32 views

Online facsimile of the original Cours de linguistique générale

I am looking for the original 1916 edition of Ferdinand de Saussure's Cours de linguistique générale. The book must be out of copyright by now; does there exist an online scan or similar facsimile ...
Psychonaut's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
50 views

What was the dían type of old Irish verses?

Composing this type of poetic meter was mentioned as a skill obtained through the first year of education of filídh (old Irish poets) at foclóc rank. Are there any reliable online resourses ...
Manjusri's user avatar
  • 2,781
1 vote
3 answers
110 views

Are there any equivalent of oxforddictionaries.com/definition/ in Arabic?

I am looking for a website that is equivalent of https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/go In oxforddictionaries, you see it gives all of the meanings of a word with example sentences Are ...
Furkan Gözükara's user avatar
13 votes
4 answers
3k views

Massive Open Online Courses on linguistics

I am a programmer who loves to learn online. Unfortunately, linguistics related materials are pretty scarce on the web. Thus, could anyone point me to some good MOOCs or other free materials on (...
GA1's user avatar
  • 1,189
1 vote
0 answers
991 views

Egyptian Arabic to IPA conversion?

I am trying to transcript some text from Egyptian Arabic to IPA, but I can't seem to find an Egyptian Arabic dictionary with IPA transcription, an automatic transcriptor, or even comprehensive ...
Skippy le Grand Gourou's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
2k views

Where to find lists of examples of linguistic phenomena

I'm looking for resources, either print or online, which compile lists of examples of linguistic phenomena, be they phonological, morphological, syntactic, or semantic. (My main purpose for these ...
Psychonaut's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
129 views

Is there any english version [online, PDF] of the following?

Is there any english version [online, PDF] of the following?: Mayhofer, Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen. I had downloaded one but unfortunately it was in German language which is ...
Gopal's user avatar
  • 1
2 votes
1 answer
728 views

Co-occurrence count data sets

I am looking for downloadable word co-occurrence matrices that were computed on large corpora. word2vec and GloVe have on their website downloadable word vectors, I am looking for something similar ...
Franck Dernoncourt's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
177 views

Treebanks that contain both constituency and dependency parse trees

I am looking for treebanks that contain both constituency and dependency parse trees. Both should have been manually annotated (i.e. the dependency parse trees shouldn't have been obtained from the ...
Franck Dernoncourt's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
96 views

context free grammar ressource

I am looking for a large...ish context free grammar, preferably in flat format (so no XML for example). The language does not matter. Whether it has features or not doesn't matter either. Can you ...
user10541's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
8k views

Where can you download the IPA chart with audio?

Where can you download or obtain (preferably freely) such a chart like http://www.internationalphoneticalphabet.org/ipa-sounds/ipa-chart-with-sounds/ with each phone pronounced, for offline use?
user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
4k views

Is there a website where you can find cognates of certain word in other IE branches?

Just as in the title :) I wonder if there is a tool on the internet which would help in finding cognates of certain word in as much branches as possible. Say I want to find find all the cognates in ...
czypsu's user avatar
  • 1,426
1 vote
1 answer
139 views

Chart with audible sounds pronounced, for Proto-Indo-European?

Are there any counterparts like this IPA Chart with Sounds, but for PIE (at least PIE's phonemes)?
user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

For each IPA phone, are there animations or videos that depict the vocal tract during articulation?

(TL;DR) For each IPA phone, are there animations, ams, pictures or videos that depict exactly and precisely the location of your articulators (eg: your tongue), needed to articulate that letter? ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
296 views

Downloadable list of Romance-language cognates?

I'm looking for tables of cognates between French, Spanish and Italian (and potentially Latin, Portuguese, Catalan, etc.), so I can run some Python on them. If they could have extra information such ...
Emile's user avatar
  • 163
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Online etymology dictionary for English (more explanatory than Etymonline and OED)

Would you please recommend etymology dictionaries for English that MUST be available online (either for free or purchase), BUT subject to the following conditions? 1. Many of the recommendations in ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
319 views

Resource: Audible audio prononcer to hear phonetics

TL;DR. Please recommend programs or resources that enunciate and vocalise not only words, but phonetic symbols (eg IPA) or any representation of oral sounds, for at least English and French? I can ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
184 views

Formal definition of English grammar

I saw on a related question some mentions of a formal grammar definition for English. It is mentioning there a definition called English Resource Grammar. Perhaps anyone here would know about loosely ...
matanox's user avatar
  • 299
1 vote
0 answers
212 views

German/Swedish dictionary to download as a text file

I am looking for a dictionary that I can download as a text file which specifies the grammatical gender of nouns in both languages. Basically, I would like something like: https://archive.org/details/...
laligu's user avatar
  • 11
4 votes
1 answer
180 views

Is there a web-based corpus tools that I can upload and use with my own corpus?

I am looking for a ready-made concordancer or collocator with a simple search interface that I can upload on my website and have my students use to search a custom corpus. I have been working with ...
Acornrevolution's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
555 views

Online Modern Greek dictionary that puts imperfective and ("dependent") perfective verb stems together?

Does anyone know of a good online Modern Greek dictionary that puts imperfective and perfective (also called "dependent") verb stems together? For instance, the present perfective of βλέπω /'vlepo/ "...
Owen_AR's user avatar
  • 203
7 votes
1 answer
6k views

Which part of speech are 's' and 'r' in Wordnet?

From taking the synset of the word 'fantastic', I got a list of senses below: [Synset('antic.s.01'), Synset('fantastic.s.02'), Synset('fantastic.s.03'), Synset('fantastic.s.04'), Synset('fantastic.s....
user3101's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
227 views

Tabulated lists of examples

"Everybody [?] knows" that there are these pairs of corresponding words in German and English in which an "f" appears in German where a "p" appears in English: Bischoff, ...
Michael Hardy's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
128 views

Are there standard test data sets for English stemmers / lemmatisers?

There is a lot of easily located material online which describes stemmers or provides implementations. There's a bit of discussion of metrics for quantifying how effective they are, and I've even ...
Peter Taylor's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

List of collocations in English

Does anybody know of source (probably NLP study) of comprehensive list of collocations in English (not only the frequent one). Additionally, does anybody know the approximate estimate of the total ...
Ross's user avatar
  • 161
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Online Semantic Relatedness Database?

I'm looking for something like the (really excellent and useful) MRC database that includes a measure of semantic relatedness for a given pair or set of words in colloquial American English. I've ...
Krysta's user avatar
  • 161
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

Is there a way to learn Icelandic phonetics online?

I want to learn Icelandic online, but am struggling to produce some phonemes. I am unable to find an IPA translator for Icelandic and think it'd be easier for me if I could see some of what I learn ...
Shawna's user avatar
  • 31