Questions tagged [optimality-theory]

Linguistic model that explains language structures through the interaction between conflicting constraints.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
1answer
46 views

What is a markedness constraint in Optimality Theory?

Here is my answer but I'm not sure whether it is correct or put in a formal way. Could you help me see this? Markedness constraints allow the markedness of a feature based on universal principles of ...
3
votes
2answers
192 views

A question about Optimality Theory

Here is a line, "The optimal output in OT need not be the ideal candidate in the sense of complying with all the constraints." (quoted from Roca and Johnson (1999:656). I really feel ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

What are the similarities between rule-based phonological theory and Optimality Theory?

The only similarity is that they both involve the underlying form and surface form right?
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Understanding OCP(place) and CodaCond constraints in Optimality Theory

I'm having trouble finding examples or definitions for these two constraints and can't fully grasp it. If anyone could direct me to a resource or maybe explain it, I would be grateful!
3
votes
2answers
113 views

How to analyze these data with Optimality Theory?

I'm a graduate student from Korea. As a novice in the field of phonology, I've been confused about analysis using Optimality Theory for a long time. Could you guys help me with this question? In fast ...
5
votes
1answer
176 views

What are the main weaknesses of autosegmental phonology?

There are several different overarching models of phonology, with different strengths and weaknesses. For example, optimality theory is good at explaining the "conspiracies of rules" that show up in ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

What's a good introduction to constraint-based phonology?

I am playing with the idea of building a language parser/transformer and getting into the structure of pronunciations. This leads me to try and come up with rules for the parser for understanding how ...
3
votes
2answers
285 views

How does optimality theory handle opacity?

Optimality theory is a theory of phonology that drops Chomskyan replacement rules in favor of a set of ranked constraints. It can lead to much more elegant analyses in some cases. However, I don't ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Assigning violations for optimality theory?

Consider a constraint (align -ap left) that gives a violation for every letter that shifts affix -ap one place to the right. Candidates: ap.teb.rut (0 violations), lap.teb.rut (1 violation), slab.teb....
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Comprehensive phonological sketches post-SPE

Is anyone aware of a comprehensive phonological grammar of a language, along the lines of SPE, Sound Pattern of Russian or Chomsky's thesis on Hebrew, written in a framework that postdates SPE? I ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Factorial Typology--determining implicational universals?

For the implicational universal "if a language has voiced obstruents, then it must have voiceless obstruents," what would I have to observe from tableaux to verify its validity? The three main ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Is there a cross-Linguistic OT overview on epenthesis and deletion?

Many languages have epenthesis and deletion, but obviously for very different reasons. Is there an OT overview with an account of the most common epenthesis and deletion processes? That way when I ...
0
votes
2answers
257 views

Serial vs. Parallel

I've heard several times the terms 'serial' and 'parallel' in phonology. In one of them the context was SPE and OT, respectively. However, from my feeble understanding of OT, the output is determined ...
0
votes
1answer
418 views

Optimality theory, Autosegmental phonology and linear phonology

The Wikipedia entry on Optimality Theory states, that OT differs from other approaches to phonological analysis, such as autosegmental phonology and linear phonology Could someone point me to a ...
1
vote
0answers
491 views

When do C-Domain and Binding Domain mean different things?

I'm reading the paper Constraints on Null Pronouns by Speas, in which the author defines two constraints for a cross-linguistic OT analysis of the occurrence of null pronouns across languages: ...
-1
votes
1answer
556 views

What are the basic principles of optimality theory?

I'm trying to conduct research on the definiteness system (how is definiteness marked) in my dialect. I want to do this in the light of Optimality Theory (Prince and Smolensky) and am struggling to ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

Do well-formedness constraints just refer to prosodic structure?

In reading the literature on Optimality Theory, e.g. Kager (1999), every reference to well-formedness constraints refers to prosodic structure, especially syllable structure. It seems to me that well-...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Is it accurate to think of OT and auto-segmental phonology as offering explanations on how phones are derived from phonemes?

OT offers a tool to see how a surface structure is derived from an underlying one. Autosegmental phonology also allows us to see how a surface form can be derived from an underlying representation. ...
1
vote
0answers
215 views

Are there more languages with complex system of interrogative pronouns?

By 'complex system' I mean a system of interrogative pronouns which includes more than just 'animate/inanimate' classes of prounouns, like these of 'who' and 'what' in English (e.g. a special ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

What is a PARSE constraint in optimality theory?

I've been looking online, but I can't find a nice description of it.
6
votes
2answers
501 views

Why is the process of word-final non-continuant deletion and nasal assimilation in Catalan opaque?

Catalan has a process whereby word-final non-continuants undergo deletion and nasal assimilation. For example /ben+k/ surfaces as [beŋ] 'I sell'. Why is this relation opaque? Note: I found this ...
1
vote
1answer
329 views

What are *L and *W used to denote in Optimality Theory

In certain papers on Optimality Theory (e.g. this paper by McCarthy, or this) the tableaus contain the notations *L and *W, as seen in the image below: What is meant by these notations? The second ...
0
votes
1answer
559 views

What are the benefits of a Stratal approach to Optimality Theory?

Optimality Theory has been adapted by some linguists to a stratified model, what are the benefits of such a model over a non-stratified model of OT?
5
votes
0answers
1k views

What is the universal set of constraints in Optimality Theory?

According to Diana Archangeli (1997) there is a universal set of constraints (CON) that is part of our innate knowledge of language. These constraints are used in Optimality Theory, such as NOCODA: '...
6
votes
1answer
872 views

What rule governs the vowel alternations in Latin caput/capit-/-cep(t)-/-cipit-/-ciput?

In different forms, the Latin root caput "head" appears with different vowels: a-u: caput (nominative singular); a-i: capitis (genitive singular), capitī (dative singular), capita (nominative plural),...
2
votes
0answers
344 views

What are some theoretical motivations for do-support?

I've been attempting to put together an overview of the various theoretical motivations that have been proposed for do-support in the literature, but the topic has been frustratingly difficult to ...
5
votes
1answer
407 views

Are certain phonological processes more likely to be surface true?

This question occurred to me when studying Optimality Theory phonology. For reduplication in OT, the base of the stem (/reduplicated part) is taken to be the input for the reduplicated morph. However, ...
2
votes
2answers
117 views

Constraint against multiple identical linkage in OT

I confess this question is rather theory-internal, but it may be very trivial for someone who follows the theoretical literature well. I am thinking of a type of constraint and want to know if such a ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

What does Optimality Theory explain that rule-based phonology doesn't?

I understand how basic Optimality Theory (as applied to phonology) works, but I've never understood how it came into popularity. I'm guessing, though, that there are good reasons why it arose. So ...