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Questions tagged [perception]

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3 votes
2 answers
960 views

Is there research on which diphthongs are perceived by English speakers as single sounds?

In English, diphthongs are single phonemes, and monolingual English speakers hear them as a single vowel. However, this does not mean that English speakers will hear all diphthongs in other languages ...
2 votes
2 answers
118 views

How do native speakers of languages in which vowels reduce to schwa in unstressed syllables perceive the said schwa?

Do they perceive it as an allophone of the vowel that is reduce to a schwa? so for example if /i/ is reduced to schwa would it still be perceived as /i/ by a native speaker of that language? or would ...
4 votes
0 answers
76 views

What are the best ways to learn to distinguish vowels?

Apologies if this question is redundant. It seems pretty basic, but I couldn't find a post that seemed relevant. If there is one, please forward it! My question is "What are the most effective ...
0 votes
0 answers
61 views

Experiment to show that phonemes are not invariant: stimuli!

The fact that phonemes are not invariant is shown in many studies. The first one, so far as I know, is that of Liberman, Delattre and Cooper (1952) in their report on the identification of synthetic, ...
2 votes
0 answers
52 views

Duplex perception experiment - Can I try it on my own?

I was reading about speech perception over headphones, “duplex perception” (Lieberman et al., 1981) — who note that when a speech stimulus was split into two parts and presented to different ears over ...
39 votes
5 answers
4k views

Why does speech speed seem to vary between different languages?

I feel that French and Spanish speakers speak their languages faster than English speakers do. Is this difference real, or is it just a mistake in my observation (note: I am much less familiar with ...
7 votes
1 answer
310 views

Affrication-like sound in palatal plosive [c]

When I compare the plosive sounds in an IPA table with recordings (like this or this), the sound of [c] stands out to me as noisier and more turbulent than the rest of the series [p, t, ʈ, k, q, ʔ]. ...
2 votes
1 answer
259 views

Understanding VOT

I am a third year bachelor student of Linguistics. It would be nice if I don't get mean comments, because I genuinely do not understand what I am about to ask. I have to write a paper on phonetic ...
4 votes
1 answer
460 views

How to measure auditory distances between vowels

(Followup to this question, also related to this answer.) The Handbook of the International Phonetic Association (1999: 11–2) defines the values of cardinal vowels as follows: [T]wo fully front ...
5 votes
1 answer
310 views

Why were the formants of high and back vowels difficult to obtain? And why not anymore?

I was reading the second chapter of Three Areas of Experimental Phonetics by Peter Ladefoged (1967), in which he summarizes the studies he conducted in the 1950s and 1960s which demonstrated practical ...
3 votes
1 answer
289 views

How harmonic is speech?

I have read that voiced sounds are harmonic, e.g. the frequency spectrum consists of integer multiples of F0. If these are precise integer multiples, the human voice would be considered a perfect ...
4 votes
3 answers
472 views

Perception of time

In most cultures and languages, the future is associated with direction ahead of the speaker, while the past is "behind". However, it is the opposite in modern Chinese where future is "behind" and ...
1 vote
1 answer
124 views

Evidence proving lingustic perception of speech in brain?

Is there any evidence that speech is perceived linguistically, meaning is there evidence that shows that speech in the brain is perceived as phonemes, morphemes, and so on? I was thinking whether ...
0 votes
0 answers
127 views

Distinguishing between active vs passive perception

there's a well-known diagram made proposed by Fant (see image, passive perception is ABCDE and passive perception is ABCKFE) but it a quite anatomical and neurological account. (And I'm not even sure ...
2 votes
2 answers
160 views

What does it mean to perceive VOT continuum categorically?

Infants and some mammals can apparently perceive VOT continuum categorically, which I guess is evidence for natural auditory sensitivities, and can explain, at least in part, the mechanisms through ...
9 votes
1 answer
478 views

Has Ray Jackendoff's Parallel Architecture paradigm received a formal review or criticism(s) from Chomsky and/or others?

Ray Jackendoff, a theoretical linguist and cognitive scientist at Tufts University, has been developing his theory of the linguistic Parallel Architecture since departing from the narrow syntactic ...
1 vote
2 answers
273 views

Languages lacking detailed words for taste

Unlike most Indo-European languages Turkish for example groups some words for taste under one word e.g. acı. Are there other languages lacking words for example sour, bitter, sweet, salty, hot/sharp ...
2 votes
1 answer
461 views

Position of negation in an english sentence [closed]

This question is mainly aimed at native English speakers. Does the position of negation in a sentence matter? Does it have a feeling attached to it? Here is my point of view and an example: I have no ...
2 votes
0 answers
288 views

Confusion matrix for consonant clusters in English?

I was wondering if anybody knew of a confusion matrix for consonant clusters in the English language. I've seen CV, VC, and CVC phoneme/syllable confusion matrices, but never any with any sort of ...
6 votes
1 answer
254 views

Is audio-processing (auditory) brain cortex activated when human is reading non-phonetic alphabets?

Excuse my virginity in linguistics, but it seems to me that phonetic alphabets are "only" protocols for audio compression into visual input/output media, optimized for human throat sounds. I suppose ...
8 votes
1 answer
14k views

Hearing your name in a noisy crowd: what is this called and how might it work?

I can't really formulate it any more lucid than as it is in the title, so.... I'm reading a phonetics text now, but I haven't yet got to the chapter on 'speech perception' so maybe I'll come across at ...
14 votes
1 answer
1k views

Does capitalization of nouns aid reading comprehension?

German is the only widely used language prescribing capitalization of nouns in the written language. I speak English and German fluently myself, but I can read German texts significantly faster than ...
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

How do we perceive and read words and sentences? Does the order of the inner letters play no significant role?

Try to read this texts, start with the most difficult one, if you cant read, skip to the next easier one: all letters mixed I onlucd't ieebvel ttah I udloc talyulac rsddetanun hwat I swa radgeni....