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Questions tagged [persian]

Persian is an Indo-European, Western-Iranian language spoken mostly in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan. "Persian" is used synonymously to "Farsi".

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Etymology of Persian زنبور (bee)

In The etymological dictionary of Persian by Mohammad Hassandust, the word زنبور is said to be Iranian in origin and Hassandust references Morgenstierne and also says the Arabic word with the same ...
KamranNef's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
351 views

Accuracy of Этимологический словарь иранских языков (Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages) by Rastorgueva and Edelman

I have been studying these books with the help of Google Translate. In the third volume on page 176, the authors seem to derive the Persian درنا (crane) from an Iranian root. This is obviously ...
KamranNef's user avatar
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1 answer
64 views

How likely is it that Old Medean /ṛ/ and /b/ would have been rendered in Biblical Hebrew as /ħ/ and /w/?

I've recently been doing some research involving a possible connection between the names Astibaras (a named Diodorus Siculus used to refer to Cyaxares the Mede) and Ahasuerus (the name of both the ...
Engidu's user avatar
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3 votes
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Etymology of Persian suffix 'ـش-' (-eš)?

This suffix equivalent to English '-tion' or '-ment' occurs in many Persian words such as ستایش (setâyeš, "glory"), etc. But its ultimate etymology cannot be found anywhere. Wiktionary stops ...
AehkGuu's user avatar
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The etymological dictionary of Persian by Mohammad Hassandust

I'm considering purchasing this book, but it's not available in ebook format, and the price is rather steep. Therefore, I'm eager to ensure its scientific accuracy. I've noticed numerous papers citing ...
KamranNef's user avatar
-5 votes
1 answer
78 views

Why the contribution of Iranic languages is being ignored?

As an Iranian something bothers me: I noticed more similarity between Iranic language families and Indian (Sanskrit) language and between with European language families compared to Indian languages ...
Shaqayeq's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
114 views

How did خشاب become the Persian word for magazine?

In Iran magazine (in a gun) is called خشاب (kheshab). I tried to find a relation to another language but I failed. The only thing I found is that خشب (khashb) means wood in Arabic. In Arabic magazine ...
Snack Exchange's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
155 views

How and when was the name of Somalia written with س in Iran?

In Arab world Somalia is written with ص. They call it صومال. But in Iran where people use so many Arabic words in a daily basis without misspelling them, write Somalia with س. They write it سومالی. ...
Snack Exchange's user avatar
-2 votes
3 answers
216 views

Is it reasonable to connect the Old Persian/Avestan word for "garden" with the Greek word?

The Old Persian/Avestan word for "garden/orchard" is bustan/bostan. On the surface, this word looks very similar to the Greek term botane, which means the same thing (and is clearly the ...
Reb Chaim HaQoton's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
226 views

What types of Arabic word were never adopted in Persian?

The Persian lexicon has a very large number of Arabic borrowings, including a small portion of very frequently used ones, and a larger portion of Arabic vocables seemingly spanning across all semantic ...
earlyinthemorning's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
179 views

Farsi: why letter Alef often sounds like long "o"?

Gday, everyone. I'm a beginner in the Persian language. Why letter Alef often sounds like long "o"? For example, in the word "air" - هوا - havaa. If I listen to examples, say, on ...
Anton Ziganshin's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
290 views

Etymology of Persian city suffix +jand

City names in Iran and Central Asia, such as "Birjand" in Iran and "Khujand" in Tajikistan end with "jand" suffix. The first idea that comes to my mind is that it might ...
anonymous's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
95 views

Is there an android app that adds short vowels to Persian texts?

I found an app for Arabic. But is there an app or maybe a website for Persian too?
syximak's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Etymology of the Turkish word "rüzgâr"

In Turkish rüzgâr means "wind". From the looks of it (especially the long â vowel which is not native to Turkish) it seems to be of Persian origin: "روزگار". Some sources verify ...
Mousa's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
202 views

Distinction between Chemistry and Alchemy in Arabic and Farsi languages

According to Wikipedia, in Europe the semantic distinction between the rational science of chimia and the occult alchimia arose in the early 18th century. So it seems like there was a need to separate ...
ali's user avatar
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6 votes
4 answers
1k views

What is the name of this sound change, and do we have it in English?

I'm a Persian, I'm from Iran, and I speak Farsi. Here, we have a very strange rule that we turn آ into و in informal conversations. For example: خانه = house (formal) /kh a ne/ خونه = house (informal) ...
Saeed Neamati's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
589 views

Is the Turkish word for brother(kardeş) of Indo-Iranian origin?

I looked up the word for "brother" in other Turkish languages. In Ubzek it is aka. And in Volga Tatar the corresponding word is abi. The word "kardesh" sounds suspiciously similar ...
Mr X's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
261 views

How to Romanize "شایق" in order to be easiest to an English speaker?

Question How to Romanize "شایق" in order to be easiest to an English speaker? Description I am Iranian; my last name is شایق (Persian). To get a passport, it is needed to submit your full ...
Naghi's user avatar
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-3 votes
1 answer
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A possible diacritic for a silent و in Persian? [closed]

In modern Persian the و of "خوا" in many words is silent. خواب xāb ‘sleep, asleep; dream; the nap (of a cloth)’ خوابیدن xābidan infinitive: ‘to sleep, lie down’ Examples from the link ...
Adam D's user avatar
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4 answers
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Does [s] before [b] always become [z]?

There is a Persian word اسبابكشی asbābkeši and it is quite difficult to stick strictly to the transcription saying there is [s] before [b]. The assimilation of [s] to [z] before a voiced stop is ...
Aer's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
114 views

How to interpret the only available Middle Persian dictionary?

I am looking at this: I think this is a verb (some others are even less clear). What does besaz(en)- mean? The parentheses and the hyphen. The M is for Middle Persian, but there is no indication that ...
Lance's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
174 views

/o/ -> /u/ change in Persian xānum خانم ‘mistress’

Is it correct to describe /o/ -> /u/ change in خانم xānum as nasalisation under the influence of the following /m/? What does general phonetics say about it? One Persian teacher said /m/ has nothing ...
Aer's user avatar
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1 answer
2k views

How different is Old Persian / Avestan / Farsi from each other?

I am looking at dictionaries of the avesta and old persian of which there isn't much, and would like to collect words in the old persian cuneiform and avestan script. First part of the question is, ...
Lance's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
371 views

What is a good etymological dictionary for the Persian language?

There are dozens of etymological dictionaries for Persian, has somebody compared them, and if yes could you recommend me a good one?
anonymous's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
848 views

Did modern Farsi lose its casual word for yes?

Hobby linguistic learner here. Farsi naturally shares a lot of simple words with other Indo-European languages: German for [daughter]: "Tochter" / "doxtar" (دختر) English for [bad]: "bad"/"bad" (بد) ...
techSultan's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
615 views

If I learn Persian/Farsi, could I be able to understand Uighur language?

Ok, someone once told me that Uighur is a Turkic langugage. But just wondering, for Persian and Uighur, the two, Are they similar in any way? or just helps a little bit? Could one understand another?
Ying Xiong's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

Did Persian ever have a hard or soft "th" sound?

Farsi does not distinguish between ث (soft 'th' in Arabic, like "think") and ذ (hard 'th' in Arabic, like "that"). A native Farsi speaker pronounces ث like the 's' in "sing" and ذ like the 'z' in "zoo"...
techSultan's user avatar
-4 votes
2 answers
1k views

Persian text on carpet [closed]

I would be happy if someone could translate the text which is written on the carpet shown on the photo:
pawel_winzig's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
391 views

How is it possible to use a single Latin alphabet for Persian which will represent ALL three standards?

How can there be a SINGLE standard Latin script (mainly for International purposes) which properly represent standard Iranian Persian, Afghan Persian and Tajik Persian. Especially the different ...
Amir Rahbaran's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
222 views

Is "Qadaqan" Mongolian or Turkish? [closed]

In Persian, the word Qadaqan (q is an uvular stop consonant, i.e. having the same place of articulation as the French r) means "emphasis" and "illegal", in some Persian dictionaries it is mentioned as ...
Mohsen Nirouzad's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
1k views

meaning of yek in Persian or Farsi [closed]

I know that in Persian "Man yek sag daraam" means "I have a dog", where: Man = I, sag = dog, daraam = have. What is the purpose of yek? Is it a/an, the indefinite article?
sam's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
409 views

In Arabic loanwords, why does Persian change the short vowels with different vowels instead of matching them with long counterparts?

Classical Arabic (4th-9th century) short vowels are /a/, /u/, and /i/, and long vowels are /a:/, /u:/, and /i:/. New Persian (1000-1200 years old) short vowels are /æ/, /o/, and /e/, and long vowels ...
Aziz almuusawi's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
479 views

Etymology of Ancient Greek interrogative particle ἆρα

The Ancient Greek interrogative ἆρα is strikingly similar to modern Persian āyā. Both words exclusively signal yes/no questions, and almost always begin the sentence. There is an accent on the first ...
A-K's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
169 views

What is the difference between "می‌گفت" and "میگفت"?

I read in WP's entry on Persian alphabet that the "ye" final form is 'ﯽ', and its medial form is 'ﯿ'. Logically, when typing "می‌گفت", most software automagically write "میگفت". However, the ...
Skippy le Grand Gourou's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
495 views

Do Urdu Numerals belong to the Persian Script?

Do Urdu Numerals belong to the Persian Script and does Urdu use the same Unicode characters as Persian Language apart from Western Arabic numerals?
fatihk's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
306 views

L2 acquisition as a factor in loss of "complex" grammatical features

Recently I came across a short text on Language Log briefly discussing a phenomenon which seems to affect certain languages. The author noticed that loss or heavy weakening of inflection during ...
czypsu's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
43 views

Program or website for transcribing Old and Middle Persian

Is there any program or website that is able to transcribe Old and Middle Persian text (or transliteration of them) to an orthographic or phonetic transcription?
Houman's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
519 views

Musical notation in languages with right-to-left writing

How does musical notation in languages that use right-to-left writing direction (such as Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, Urdu, Yiddish) look like? Is it right-to-left too? If not (i.e. if they use the same ...
Milchar's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
756 views

Order of components within measurement units in RTL languages

This question is about measurement units in languages written in right-to-left (RTL) scripts such as Arabic, Hebrew, Urdu, Malay, Farsi, etc. and their country-specific variants (for example, Arabic ...
msoutopico's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
3k views

Are Tajik and Persian mutually intelligible?

I know that the Persian language family has three branches: Persian, Dari and Tajik-Persian. Is the Persian of Iran mutually intelligible with Tajik? And how does the Tajik Cyrillic alphabet differ ...
aso nozomi's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
1k views

Is this letter ق pronounced almost same in Arabic and Persian?

In Persian langauge there are two letters which have same pronounciation when spelled with vowels, they are غ andق, in Arabic there is aslo a 'ق', i want to know do the two 'ق' have the same or ...
uehara yui's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
1k views

Can Dari be understood by everyone in Afghanistan?

I was told that in Afghanistan there are two major languages Pashto and Dari, and when you live in Afghanistan you will find that almost all the Afghanistanis could speak Dari and fewer people could ...
null's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
1 answer
350 views

Relation of Persian "Ke" and English "That" [closed]

First I should say I am not a linguist, but try to understand it to help my English. In my native language, Persian, we do much use "Ke" (که) which almost corresponds to "which, who, that" in ...
Ahmad's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
623 views

How can I check whether 'question' in English, and 'xahesh' in Persian are cognates?

It seems plausible to me, and I would like to know how to verify it. Why I think xahesh might be cognate with question: xahesh (IPA: /xɑːheʃ/) in Modern Persian is a noun meaning "request, plea". ...
A-K's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the origin of the Persian word شكر meaning Sugar?

Google says the word Sugar originates from سكر in Arabic. Yet the classic dictionary القاموس المحيط says the word comes from شكر in Persian. Any help with the etymology of the Persian word شكر?
Ahmed Badda's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
139 views

Farsi Alphabet Tips [closed]

I do not understand how I can learn the Farsi (Persian) alphabet. I try to look at it in order and memorize but it just doesn't stick. Are there any websites that anybody knows about that can help, or ...
HLatfullin's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
180 views

Do Persian Jews voice Hebrew ק?

I recently saw the Hebrew name יעקב transliterated into (American) English by Persian Jews as Yaghob. I find this curious (because the ע isn't transliterated, but that's a question for another time, ...
msh210's user avatar
  • 1,013
3 votes
2 answers
224 views

Do Persian Adjectives have Masc. Fem. and Neuter forms

For adjectives in Farsi (Persian), do they have Masculine, Feminine, and Neuter. For Example: The adjective خوب (Khoob, meaning good), does it have different forms, like in French or Russian? ...
HLatfullin's user avatar
17 votes
6 answers
3k views

Is "Kent" in Tashkent of Turkic origin or Indo-European?

In Turkish there is this word Kent which means city. Some Turkic city names have this as a suffix, like Başkent and Tashkent. In Azerbaijani the same word, with the spelling of Kənd (Kand) means ...
Mousa's user avatar
  • 463
6 votes
2 answers
967 views

Arabic and Persian loans in Turkish

Both Persian and Turkish - as have other "islamic" languages - have a great deal of Arabic vocabulary. Due to an (initially) favourable vowel inventory (and maybe due to the same script being used) ...
zwiebel's user avatar
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