Questions tagged [phonetics]

The study of the production and perception of sounds or "phones".

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Difference between voiced and lenis consonants in English

What is difference between voiced and lenis consonants in English language.
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2 votes
0 answers
35 views

Is it more correct to use the minor and major foot groups in the IPA than commas and periods?

I transcribed some phrases from TV. This is casual American connected speech: As you can notice I'm using the | and || symbols instead of the commas and periods. Also, I do not show the question mark,...
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0 answers
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Is there a database that lists all ways of spelling IPA phonemes?

I'm looking for a list, database, table, etc. of different ways that IPA phonemes (like /f/) can be represented (e.g normally just f, but also the gh in cough).
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1 vote
0 answers
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Variations of [aɪ] in English

I'm learning IPA and am surprised that some standard American English sounds which seem subtly different to me are all recorded as [aɪ]. Consider the phrase "I like the night", which I ...
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10 votes
1 answer
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Why /əl/ in English sounds like [o]?

I am not a native English speaker. Recently i study some phonetics to improve my english pronunciation (and also french which i am currently studying). I noticed many words with phoneme /əl/ sound ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What kind of stress is this?

I found the word "ice-free" is pronounced /ˈˌaɪsˈˌfri/ in Oxford English Dictionary, but what kind of stress is this? Should it be called 'there are two primary stresses and two secondary ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Why are voiced ejectives impossible?

Sounds made using the glottalic egressive airstream mechanism (one of the six main airstream mechanisms, and also of the four that are actually phonemic in natural human languages) are known as ...
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1 answer
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Do these letters belong to Kannada?

I am native Kannada speaker. But I've never came across these vowels: ಌ (U+0C8C) ೡ (U+0CE1) ೢ (U+0CE2) ೣ (U+0CE3) and these yogavahs: ೱ (U+0CF1) ೲ (U+0CF2) Unlike ಱ, ೞ I've never saw/heard above ...
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3 votes
2 answers
162 views

IPA symbol for a pause?

I started transcribing some phrases from TV and sometimes there are very short pauses between thoughts when longer phrases are pronounced, like the comma for instance. How can I represent the pauses ...
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3 votes
0 answers
47 views

The dark l sound followed by a vowel sound during linking

the dark L in English is at the end of a word such as "girl", "pencil" or when it is followed by a consonant sound such as "child". I'm curious what is happening with the ...
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18 votes
3 answers
3k views

Why was "zh" picked to represent /ʒ/, and where does it come from?

As a native French speakers I used to be puzzled by Zh being used for /ʒ/. At first because I didn't understand the need for it, since in French j is /ʒ/, and dj is /dʒ/. Then I understood why English ...
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6 votes
2 answers
1k views

/ / vs [ ] - when to use which? [duplicate]

I'm a university student studying sound structure. It's a first-year course. No matter how many times it's explained to me in lectures, tutorials, help labs, or office hours -- I don't understand all ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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How to find a "burst quality" in a spectrogram?

What is the "burst quality" in a spectrogram? So for the example I provided from praat what would be the burst quality for the affricate shown below? Is it similar to a plosive?
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1 answer
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Is this a type of vowel reduction

in my native language there are some words written with the letter that represents the phoneme /i/ now in seemingly unstressed syllables I pronounce it like a schwa [ə] or maybe some other similar ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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What's going on when people hear my voiced stops as voiceless unaspirated stops?

I'm native speaker of Georgian, a language which has phonemic distinction between voiceless, 'voiced', and ejective consonants (according to study and Wikipedia) though when repeating Georgian voiced ...
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2 votes
2 answers
273 views

why do the plain voiceless stops sound like ejective stops?

Why do plain voiceless stops i.e [p t k] sound like ejective [pʼ tʼ kʼ]? am a native speaker of a language which has phonemic distinction between voiced, voiceless and aspirated stops and affricates (...
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1 vote
2 answers
101 views

The Pronunciation of G in Old English

I couldn't find an answer to my question because Google Search went downhill these years. Why is g pronounced as y in a lot of Old English words? Is the reason native phonetics changes happen in a lot ...
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1 vote
1 answer
55 views

Shortcut to switch keyboards

I have the Linguist's Software IPA Unicode font, which requires a separate keyboard--internal, not external. I have Mac OS 11.5.1 and have created keyboard shortcuts within Word to switch from one ...
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1 vote
2 answers
139 views

Does English have any words that are only unambiguous when spoken?

In Latin there are many words that are ambiguous when written, but unambiguous when spoken. For example, palus with a long A and short U means a stake. But palus with a short A and long U means a ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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What is the difference between a Diphthong and a heterosyllabic sequence of two vowels?

For example what is the difference between /aɪ/ and /a.ɪ/ or between /au̯/ and /a.u/? how they be distinguished from each other?
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0 votes
1 answer
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Can anyone help me to resolve an issue relating to F0 and audio data?

I made a textgrid of the sentence "I quite like cheese a lot." and created three tiers and marked the sentence, word (cheese) and the nucleus of cheese to examine the f0. Then I used a ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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I have a question regarding syllabic Sonorants

my native language supposedly has syllabic Sonorants and I'd like to know if they are actually syllabic or just a sequence of a short schwa+sonorant, here is me Pronouncing them in clusters. /kʼl̩dɛ/ ...
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1 vote
1 answer
105 views

Why does the Portuguese language sound similar to French language to me?

I thought Portuguese would sound very close to Spanish. However, to me, it sounds more like French? Why is that?
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1 vote
1 answer
73 views

is this vowel sound [ɨ]?

the reason why I'm asking this question is because today I read a study which claimed that word-final vowels are "weakened" in my native language when pronounced in isolation, I tried ...
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6 votes
1 answer
83 views

How does one transcribe a plosive that involves lip closure AND the velum sealing off the nasal cavity before releasing the air mostly thru the nose?

In the conlang I'm creating, I want the clusters /b/ + a nasal. When I say such a cluster, I find myself realizing the /b/ with simultaneous lip closure and the production of a stop consonant that ...
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0 votes
1 answer
38 views

What is the difference (if any) between a prenasalized voiced bilabial plosive and a voiced bilabial plosive with prolonged closure?

The consonant [b] can be prevoiced, so it would seem, at least at first blush, that prolonging the closure for this plosive would entail prenasalizing it. I've tried to produce it without ...
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2 votes
1 answer
312 views

Where can I find a list of phonetically possible consonant clusters?

I wanted a list of consonant clusters 2 to 5 consonants long that are phonetically possible, in other words, possible for the human speech mechanism to produce. Unfortunately, I have been unable to ...
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4 votes
1 answer
343 views

What is the difference between [j w] and [i̯ u̯]?

The symbols [i̯] and [u̯] always confused me, like what makes them different from [j] and [w]?
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1 vote
1 answer
77 views

What the process is here?

Here is a phonological rule: -ViC(-) > -VCʲ(-), where i both /i/ or /j/; and its vice versa: -VCʲ(-) > -ViC(-). (I think that -VeC(-) is possible too). But I don't know what is the name of ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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is this a schwa?

Today, out of interest I tried to unround the /o/ sound of my native language and I got this vowel sound, is this vowel a schwa?
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1 vote
3 answers
123 views

With the English sibilant 's' (voiceless alveolar sibilant) could the tip of the tongue be touching the back of the upper teeth?

The wikipedia's Voiceless alveolar sibilants section states: The voiceless alveolar sibilant is a common consonant sound in vocal languages. It is the sound in English words such as sea and pass, and ...
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1 answer
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What is the phonetic transcription of the vowel sounds in these recordings?

I'm really interested what those vowels are phonetically, sorry if there's anything wrong with the audio, I recorded it with my phone. recording 1: https://voca.ro/1eAvg2BdKK0q recording 2: https://...
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-1 votes
1 answer
52 views

How can I determine Quality of a vowel/consonant without things like praat?

Really is there any way I can determine quality of a vowel/consonant without praat?
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13 votes
1 answer
548 views

What's the difference between a syllabic consonant and a schwa followed by a consonant?

I'm a native speaker of a language which has syllabic consonants, here are the examples კლდე/k'lde, [kʼl̩dɛ] "cliff" ქრთამი/krtami, [kʰɾ̩tʰami] "bribe" ბრძენი/brdzeni, [bɾ̩d͡zɛni] &...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Categorizing "r" sonorants in (rhotic) English

While I usually see phonemes like /ər/ and /ɜr/ described as phonetically corresponding to r-colored vowels, I've occasionally seen them referred to as syllabic consonants, e.g., [ɹ], rather than, say,...
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1 answer
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Phonetics of labiodental / bilabial consonant cluster

So someone asked me the following question. I was wondering why the letter "b" disappears when the Beatles sing: "and I've ((b))een working like a dog" I listened to the Song on ...
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3 votes
2 answers
144 views

How to exactly pronounce IPA

I'm a native Korean speaker, and I somtimes have trouble pronuncing some of the sounds which is not used or not distinguished in Korean. For example, ɛ and e are equivalent to Korean phoneme ㅐ and ㅔ. ...
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0 votes
0 answers
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Is the Romanian verb "pișca" etymologically related to Spanish "pellizcar" ( to pinch )?

From wiktioanry: "pellizcar (Spain) /peʝiθˈkaɾ/, [pe.ʝiθˈkaɾ] (Latin America) /peʝisˈkaɾ/, [pe.ʝisˈkaɾ]- From Vulgar Latin *vellicicāre, from Latin vellicāre, most likely ultimately from vellus (...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Does aspiration propagate to the following vowel?

My native language is Korean, which is notorious for its three-way distinction (plain vs. tense vs. aspirated) of (non-nasal) stops. As such, I tried to analyze my own pronunciation. Then I found that ...
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0 votes
0 answers
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Where do the "îs" and "îi" forms of "a fi" ( "to be" ) originate in dialectal Romanian?

perhaps the Latin first person singular indicative "sum" with an "î" of uncertain origin? Im not sure about "îi". I guess from the short "e" /je/ form of "...
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2 votes
0 answers
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How did latin "de post" become Romanian "după"?

Wouldn't the expected result be: "dopă"? I understand that the short "e" was assimilated by the long "o" from the next word, and then /o/ -> /ə/, but why o -> u ? ...
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1 vote
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Do Diphthongs occur in Georgian?

I'm asking this question because of this study https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/A7DCF9606BA856FCA5CC25918ADB37EF/S0025100306002659a.pdf/standard-georgian.pdf ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Confusion about compression vs. protrusion in rounded vowels

I'm making a song-synthesizing software, so I built some models about human speech, and I'm testing them. But it turns out there is an obstacle. I seem to have misunderstood how vowels are rounded. I ...
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0 votes
0 answers
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what is tonal crowding in intonation literature

What is tonal crowding, especially under Autosegmental-Metrical Framework? Is it simply a collection of different intonation tones associated with one segment?
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2 votes
2 answers
169 views

Finding phonetic similarity of names in different languages

I am trying to come up with a way using Python to find phonetic similarities between how differently written names with different meanings in different languages might sound alike. Names can be ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What does 'anterodorsal' mean?

In the context of places of articulation of consonants, what does "anterodorsal" mean? I came across it in the 2008 paper by Wai-Sum Lee: The Articulation of the Coronal Sounds in the Peking ...
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3 votes
1 answer
105 views

Why is IPA Transcriptions of Georgian so inconsistent?

for example why do some sources transcribe ღ and ხ as /ɣ x/ while others transcribe it as /ʁ χ/ also ა is transcribed as /a/ by some while others transcribe it as /ɑ/ can anyone explain to me what's ...
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2 votes
1 answer
102 views

What is the phonetic realization of /ɣ/ and /x/ in Georgian? are they velar? or are they actually uvular?

I'm confused as to which symbol should I be using when transcribing Georgian with IPA. as native speaker of Georgian myself, I feel my /ɣ/ and /x/ sound more like uvular than velar. I could be wrong ...
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2 votes
1 answer
137 views

Consonant clusters in English - how many exist exactly?

I am really struggling to find a complete list of all consonant clusters that are possible in the English language. Can anyone point me in the direction of one? I have spent hours looking online with ...
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0 votes
1 answer
57 views

English / French speech to IPA

Are there any open-sourced library / Deep Learning models that convert an audio clip of a word to its IPA representation? In this case, the audio is from a non-native speaker and the goal is to ...
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