Questions tagged [phonetics]

The study of the production and perception of sounds or "phones".

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1answer
114 views

Any suggestions for real-time phonetic analysis packages?

I'm writing some software that will need to do a bit of phonetic analysis. Are there any programs, libraries, or software packages that I can extend to my program which are commonly used for real-time ...
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3answers
6k views

Should I use square brackets or slashes when transcribing an oral text in IPA?

I am transcribing an oral text into IPA in order to compare it with the "correct" pronunciation of words (e.g. according to the dictionary). I am using slashes for both versions, but it feels ...
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1answer
156 views

What is the most efficient way to compress “words”? [closed]

There are many ways a word can be expressed, or things a word is: With textual characters and a dictionary spelling, With phonetic symbols and a phonetic spelling With sound, a recording of the word ...
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0answers
3k views

Similar sounds - phonemes, words and word-sequences

I'm looking for a way to identify words (single or in a sequence) that are audibly confusable (but not the same). So I'm looking for what could be described as "near heterographs"? If it helps, think ...
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2answers
186 views

which kind of phonetic symbol is it?

I read a electric dictionary in which the phonetic symbol are descirbed in the weird form. For example: afar / E5fB:(r); E`fBr/ which kind of phonetic symbol is it? Is there a full mapping list ...
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5answers
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Is it feasible to create an IPA adaptation for cats?

I was trying to transcribe my cat's noises into IPA. For example, her wanting to be petted is like [njæː] or [njaː]. But purring doesn't seem to fit any existing notation, except maybe [ʜ]. Has anyone ...
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1answer
175 views

Do both phonetics and phonology deal with diacritics? [closed]

Do both phonetics and phonology deal with diacritics? Or is studying phonology is necessary for phoneticians and vice versa in the first place? I understand that phonetics focuses more on phones, ...
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1answer
326 views

The difference/realtionship between allophones and diaphonemes

I'm trying to understand the difference/relationship between the concepts "allophone" and "diaphoneme." The Wikipedia article for allophone says this: For example, [pʰ] (as in pin) and [p] (as in ...
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1answer
135 views

Acoustic difference in breathing in and breathing out

Many people can distinguish whether a person is inhaling or exhaling only by audio, even when the tongue and the lip position (=formants) is the same. That must mean there is a difference in the ...
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0answers
386 views

Uvular Fricative Trill vs Uvular Fricative vs Preüvular Fricative

I'm having trouble differentiating the uvular trill, uvular, and preüvular fricatives. While I understand that the preüvular variant is more fronted, it sounds to me like many acclaimed uvular ...
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1answer
194 views

Are Lana's “Yup!”s triphthongs?

At some point in the Archer series, Lana starts saying very emphatic Yup!s. I was recently wondering about triphthongs and whether they occur in English, and found the Wikipedia entry had only a few ...
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211 views

metathesis linguistic notation

znƷæbil /Ʒnzæbil/ Ginger /znƷæbil/ /Ʒnzæbil/ /nærƷin/ /ræanƷin/ /fænilæh/ /fælinæh/ /Ʒenzir/ /znƷir/ this is the data could you plz help me? can you help me to write the metathesis ...
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1answer
720 views

The phonological rules of metathesis and epenthesis

Could you provide me with the general rule of both metathesis and epenthesis? I can write the rules regarding specific case in metathesis and epenthesis but I couldn't find out the general rule.
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1answer
600 views

Generative phonology and segmental phonology

How can I know the difference between generative phonology and segmental phonology?
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1answer
591 views

Phoneticians versus phonologists

What is the difference between a phonetician and a phonologist? I've seen these two terms somewhere on this site but can't figure out the difference.
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1answer
132 views

Gliding from Unrounded to Rounded Vowels (or Vice Versa)

I've read that in most languages, front vowels are unrounded and back vowels are rounded. This helps make them more distinct from each other so as to be easier to hear in speech. However, different ...
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2answers
8k views

Is the sound “w” a velar or a bilabial consonant?

I am a bit confused about how to classify the sound "w" in English. In some books I find that it's a bilabial and in some others that it is a velar! What is right? Can it be both? In fact yes the ...
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1answer
5k views

Why are the names of some letters hard to understand on the telephone?

It is common experience that some letters are hard to understand when spelling a word in a telephone conversation. What exactly is the reason for this and is there any research as to which letters ...
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1answer
45 views

Are underspecified segments and archiphonemes represented identically in Feature Geometry?

It seems like Feature Geometry doesn't make reference to Archiphonemes - only Underspecified Segments. Is there a theoretically-motivated reason for this, if it is true?
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3answers
113 views

Which language is best to study phonetics? [closed]

I want to know about languages that make use of most number of phonemes and make use of most of the phonetic principles.
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2answers
89 views

Corpora Tools for Cataloguing and Phonetic Markup?

I'm creating an annotated corpus of poetry annotated with accent, alliteration, rhythm, and phonetics. I'd like it to handle and input poetry in multiple languages but still be able to add markup (...
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1answer
377 views

Allophones of an archiphoneme

In the short article on this webpage, the author provides an explanation of nasal variation in Spanish which makes use of an archiphoneme /N/. I put the relevant excerpt below. My question about this ...
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1answer
64 views

What is the relationship between minimum pitch effect and intensity?

I am using relative intensity as a metric for the degree of lenition in voiced stops. Several other papers use this metric but report the minimum pitch: (Warner and Tucker 2011: 1609 & Carrasco, ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the difference between a phonetic syllable and a phonological syllable?

I understand the difference between phonetics and phonology of course, but I have trouble distinguishing the notion of syllable on the two levels. When I'm describing syllabic phenomena, how can I ...
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2answers
602 views

Does phonetics's definition of 'voiceless' differ from the absence of voice?

Preface: For differentiation, henceforth 'voiceless' means the phonetic definition; I define elinguis to mean a layperson's understanding of an absence of human voice or speech. Source: p 27, The ...
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2answers
393 views

What are these circle-like things on my spectrogram?

Hello. I know that it is probably hard to see because it's a small picture. If you zoom in a little on your internet browser you should be able to seem them better. At the end of the selected interval ...
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2answers
1k views

How is an archiphoneme represented on the phonetic level?

Consider an archiphoneme N that can be realized as n, ng, or as a nasal on a vowel depending on the context. Is this representation, below, standard i.e. with the archiphoneme as a capital letter on ...
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1answer
602 views

What are the basic principles of optimality theory?

I'm trying to conduct research on the definiteness system (how is definiteness marked) in my dialect. I want to do this in the light of Optimality Theory (Prince and Smolensky) and am struggling to ...
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2answers
166 views

Phonemic shift: voiced pharyngeal fricative to velar nasal

In most Semitic language, one of the phonemes is a voiced pharyngeal fricative (ע in Hebrew and ع in Arabic). However, in some dialects of Hebrew, namely Spanish-Portuguese, Dutch Ashkenazi, and ...
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2answers
868 views

Characteristics of Theoretical Linguistics [closed]

I've been asked by my professor to do a research about the characteristics of Theoretical Linguistics, and now I'm stuck. What are these characteristics that makes theoretical linguistics a ...
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3answers
3k views

Is syllable boundary properly annotated at the phonetic or phonological level?

Should syllable boundary be indicated in the phonetic and/or phoneme transcription? /dog.gi/ [dog.gi] 'doggy' /doggi/ [dog.gi] 'doggy' Or does the choice of one of the two strategies have certain ...
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3answers
291 views

Possible to describe phonetics before phonology of an unknown language?

Hypothetically, When describing the sound system of an unknown language, is there any scenario in which you may perform a phonetic analysis before a phonological one? I guess the standard approach is ...
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1answer
209 views

carry & marry [pronunciation] [closed]

Merriam Webster's dictionary provides two pronunciations for the word carry (\ˈka-rē, ˈker-ē\ ) as well as for marry ( \ˈmer-ē, ˈma-rē\ ). In both cases, the one I hear the most is the pronunciation ...
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0answers
527 views

How do you articulate the uvular trill, when you can already articulate the uvular fricative?

Key Assumptions: 1. My uncle speaks only General American English (so he cannot resort to other languages' phonetic inventories). Whenever he tries to phonate the uvular trill [ʀ], he fails and ...
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1answer
278 views

Difference between unreleased t and unreleased d

If both t and d are unreleased, as in the words let and led, how do you differentiate between them? Are the different lengths of the short e sound in both words and the context in which they are used ...
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1answer
4k views

When do syllabic consonants occur?

Is there a set of rules to know when syllabic consonants (l, m, n, ng, r) occur in a word? For instance, I used to think that there was a schwa before the l, m, n, ng, and r in the words police, ...
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3answers
494 views

Have there ever been (serious) attempts to replace alphabets with phonetic alphabets?

Although many languages share the same alphabets, the pronunciation varies greatly. The letters and words alone do not convey sufficient information. Phonetic alphabets, on the other hand, are ...
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1answer
166 views

Are there resources that exploit phones of English, to teach how to phonate all IPA phones?

Preface: I use 'phonate' to mean: `to produce or to utter a phone'. After 5 years, I finally learned to phonate the Alveolar Trill [r], from an explanation that cleverly exploited English phonology ...
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1answer
121 views

Term For IPA Phonemes With Voiced/Unvoiced Pairs

Is there a term for phoneme pairs such as [p b] or [s z] which have a voiced and unvoiced variant? Additional Clarification: In an IPA table, sounds like [p] and [b] are usually paired in the same ...
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2answers
69 views

Stress in negative words and flap “d” in “don't”

I've learned that negative words like can't or don't are stressed in sentences. However, I've heard native speakers pronouncing phrases like I don't understand what's going on here, where don't is ...
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1answer
139 views

Does “d” weaken when it comes after “g” in word final position? [closed]

For example, in normal conversation, in words like engaged or encouraged, I notice that the d sounds really weak (almost unvoiced), especially when it comes before another consonant--as in We're very, ...
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1answer
979 views

How to measure phonetic voicing during a stop closure?

concerning Praat. I am not entirely sure on how to measure the voicing during a stop closure. I marked the consonant closure duration. (You can see part of the vowel.) However, I cannot see where the ...
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4answers
44k views

Differences between phonemic and phonetic transcriptions

As far as I know, there are three main differences between phonemic and phonetic transcriptions: Phonetic transcriptions deal with phones or sounds, which can occur across different languages and ...
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2answers
874 views

Praat script to delete line breaks in TextGrid intervals?

Can anyone make a PRAAT script that deletes line breaks from intervals in Text Grids. I did a bunch of transcribing of a word/sentence list. I copy and pasted from a text file that had line breaks ...
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2answers
531 views

Realization of word-initial ⟨th⟩ in the English language

This question may or may not be specific to the General American accent. In words such as thin, thick, and throw, the initial /θ/ doesn't sound the same as the /θ/ in words such as math and wrath. I ...
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1answer
390 views

Retroflex /r/ in Albanian?

When listening to recordings of spoken Albanian, I sometimes note what sounds like a retroflex /r/; it's less pronounced than in American English, and seems to occur in syllable codas. Now Albanian ...
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2answers
240 views

Labiodental sounds in languages

I noticed that IE languages often derive /v/ from /w/. It is a bit of a rare sound (predominantly IE?). I wonder how /v/ came about in various languages? In general, labiodentals seem to be a more "...
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4answers
1k views

Can you explain glottal stop? [closed]

It doesn't sound like a consonant. Especially at the end of words. It sounds like a shortened vowel which it follows. English word "cat" for example [kʰæʔ]
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2answers
763 views

Do dialects without the meet-meat merger neutralize the distinction in some contexts?

For many dialects of English (including my own) multiple historical lexical sets are merged into one "FLEECE" set (this diaphoneme can be represented with IPA /iː/). I've read about the basics of the ...
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0answers
489 views

Phonetics to English Text? [duplicate]

any site (or application) you can recommend to convert phonetic transcription to regular English text? Most sites offer the other way. Thanks!

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