Questions tagged [phrase-structure]

Phrase structure is a widespread approach to the analysis and exploration of sentence structure.

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How can PSG describe the vertical dimension of sentence structure? [closed]

PSG (phrase structure grammar) describes the horizontal dimension of sentence structure with strings, sequences of sentence parts, in a way we are all familiar with. We know that nominal expressions, ...
9
votes
3answers
12k views

What's the difference between recursion and embedding?

Chains of relative clauses and strings of attributive adjectives are both examples of recursion--Correct? Chains of relative clauses have each non-initial relative clause embedded within the previous ...
16
votes
4answers
12k views

What are the chief advantages & disadvantages of describing sentences with dependency vs. phrase structure trees?

What are the chief advantages & disadvantages of describing sentences with dependency vs. phrase structure (aka. constituency) trees? From what I've read, dependency grammar trees lack phrase ...
6
votes
3answers
236 views

Is there a paradigmatic formalism for dependency grammars?

When looking on the web, wikipedia for example, at the concept of constituent, it is associated with the concept of phrase structure, and rather quickly with context-free languages (as the ...
4
votes
1answer
841 views

Term for the modified part of a prepositional complement

A prepositional complement is the noun phrase that follows a preposition. So, given sentences like John saw the woman with an umbrella. and John saw the moon with a telescope. The ...
2
votes
1answer
890 views

Constituency grammar or Phrase Structure Grammar?

In most of the literature I have encountered thus far, the terms "constituency grammar" and "phrase structure grammar" seem to be used interchangeably. Is either one of the two more acceptable or ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

English Phrase Structure Rules and adjectives

I am learning about English grammar, but as a programmer, I have natually gravitated towards learning about syntactic structure. I am learning from university lecture notes which I found through ...