Questions tagged [polysynthesis]

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13
votes
3answers
3k views

How to distinguish a polysynthetic language from other languages? When is something a word?

For example, the probably most quoted sentence in a polysynthetic langauge (from Yupik): tuntussuqatarniksaitengqiggtuq: tuntu- ssur- qatar- ni- ksaite- ngqiggte- uq reindeer- hunt- FUT- ...
6
votes
3answers
253 views

How frequent are different morphosyntactic types?

I started wondering what share of all world's languages are polysynthetic (on any practical definition of polysynthetic, i.e. the prototype approach, the macroparameter theory (Baker 1995), etc.), and ...
1
vote
3answers
610 views

How do formal theories analyse the syntax of polysynthetic languages?

How is syntax of polysynthetic languages (e.g. Inuktitut, Mohawk) represented in formal theories of syntax? In many cases, a sentence consists of only one or two words so the syntax tree is rather ...
1
vote
2answers
11k views

What is the distinction between agglutinative languages and polysynthetic ones?

My understanding of morphology is that a word is taken and many different words are glued to it. Is not this true for both agglutinative and polysynthetic languages? Or what is the finer level of ...