Questions tagged [possession]

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1answer
51 views

Where can I find an analysis of the semantic overlap of English “to have” and “with”?

For years I've understood via my native speaker intuition and my interest in languages and linguistics that the preposition "with" can carry the semantic meaning of the verb "to have". The man who ...
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2answers
215 views

Grammatical Case for Noun Phrase in English

Consider the sentence: John's book is blue. What is the grammatical case of "book" here? The two obvious choices are nominative or genitive. Most information online suggests it is nominative, ...
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1answer
119 views

Are there any languages where possessive nouns have to agree with the head noun?

I know there are plenty of languages out there where possessive personal pronouns can and do agree with the head noun in number and case. But I was wondering if there were any where nouns also had to ...
6
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1answer
2k views

Why does Italian use definite articles before possessive adjectives, except when these are followed by a singular family noun?

In Italian possessive adjectives are preceded by a definite article: “il mio amico” (the my friend), “la nostra casa”, “i tuoi libri”. The article however is always dropped with singular nouns ...
1
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1answer
177 views

Possessive pronoun position in north germanic languages

I begin with the following translations of the sentence "This is my father": Icelandic: Þetta er faðir minn. Bokmål: Dette er faren min. Danish: Det her er min far. Swedish: Det här är min far. All ...
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1answer
168 views

When do English speakers add /əs/ in the end of a word ending in /əs/? [closed]

What is the most general and accurate linguistic observation on when native English speakers add /əs/ in the end when uttering a word already ending in /əs/? Googling has not helped me one bit. ...
0
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1answer
116 views

Do any languages have a nominal suffix meaning 'former' or 'ex-'?

I have some examples like this from an undated manuscript about an unnamed language and I'm trying to extrapolate some observations about the nominal systems. zumbru – hat – 'hat' zumbru-g – hat-...
1
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1answer
100 views

What is the meaning of zero intension?

I'm reading Possession in Yucatec Maya by Christian Lehmann (March 2003) and I came across this passage: The prototypical possessum is a concrete entity, normally an individual (as opposed to a mass),...
2
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1answer
80 views

Understanding possession

In this answer to the question How does expressing possession vary across language families?, there is a classification on some types of Possession across languages. I have tried to look for an ...
3
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0answers
129 views

Pseudo-possession or marginal possession

I'm looking for material on this topic but always seem to fail to find something, and that's probably because the terms, although kind of accepted, seem to be too vague. By these terms I refer to ...
4
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3answers
309 views

Which languages use possessive adjectives as their primary way of expressing possession?

By "possessive adjective" here I mean a fully productive form which is derived from a noun, inflected like an adjective (including agreeing with its head noun in whatever categories other adjectives ...
7
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3answers
343 views

Relationship between possession (“to have”) and tenses (“I have seen”)

In several Indo-European languages the verb that denotes possession (to have) is also used to construct verb tenses. Some examples: I have seen ... I have a dog. (English) Am văzut ... Am un câine. (...
4
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1answer
566 views

Mine, Yours, Ours, His, Hers, Its, and Don't Forget Theirs

What exactly are the Indo-European predicative mine/yours/ours/his/hers/its/theirs forms, in terms of word class and inflection? Would they be considered the genitive (or even the dative) case of ...
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6answers
2k views

Difference between Genitive Personal Pronoun and Possessive Pronoun

I'm currently studying Icelandic. Right away at one of the first steps I found a bit of difficulty and I wonder if any of you might be able to help me as the question might be answered based on any ...
10
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1answer
742 views

How does expressing possession vary across language families?

Related: https://english.stackexchange.com/q/126519/17952 Backstory: I recently was explaining a couple of Marathi phrases to my friend, and I realized that the language doesn't have the word "...
4
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2answers
156 views

Possessive constructions signifying semantic equation: term? distribution? explanation?

"The city of Rome" means not the city belonging to Rome, but the city that is Rome. Is there a term for this use of the possessive? Why do many languages use their possessive constructions for this ...
3
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1answer
277 views

A syntactic approach to possessives

I am currently writing an essay in linguistic typology on possessives. I got stuck in the last part, in which I am supposed to present a syntactic approach to the structure of possessives. I should ...