Questions tagged [praat]

Praat (the Dutch word for "talk" or "speak") is a free scientific computer software package for the analysis of speech in phonetics

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Select a portion of a sound in Praat

In Praat, I want to select a portion of the sound, extract it, and save it separately from the original file. This part of the sound is always between 0.108 s and 0.112 s because it is from pure ...
5823574's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
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How to synthesize French vowels

I am trying to synthesize the French vowels [o] and [ɔ] for running a perception experiment. I have been using the Praat Vocal Toolkit and got pretty nice results with the following formant values: F1(...
ben's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
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Difference between pitch and intensity

I would like to understand what is the difference in lignuistic betwen pitch and intensity. On the picture (taken from native HK speaker), I have a Cantonese sentence. Nei5 Jiu3 Caa4 Maa3 ? ...
S12000's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
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What is the difference between formant frequencies and pitch frequency?

Sorry if this question sounds a bit basic. I haven’t had a solid grounding in phonology/phonetics yet so I am a bit confused about these concepts. We’re trying to build a model which studies certain ...
xji's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
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Software request: Spectrograms that represent intensity with a colour gradient

There is a range of computer programs that can represent acoustic energy graphically in a spectrogram. I usually use Praat, which uses a black and white gradient to represent the intensity of energy ...
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4 votes
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What's a good minimal pair to highlight interrogative prosody in English?

I want to show my students how intonation contours in Praat can help identify English interrogatives. An obvious example is "He's coming." vs "He's coming?" -- but perhaps those of you more familiar ...
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4 votes
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Can any Praat scripts perform real-time analyses?

It seems that all Praat scripts operate on recordings. Is there any such thing as a script that performs an analysis "on the fly"?
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4 votes
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How to read Spectrograms using Praat Script

I am new to Praat and trying to read the spectrograms of different sound files using these videos. I am learning to read the specrograms using the UI of Praat but I am unable to find any way through ...
Itban Saeed's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is there any way to draw a pitch track, sound wave, and annotation in Praat?

I can draw a combination of a Sound and a TextGrid, and the combination of a Pitch and a TextGrid, but I cannot draw the combination of all three, like it appears in the editor window. Is this a ...
blackkeys's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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coding t realisations English: how to do it objectively? any tips?

For my MA thesis, among other things, I am coding the realisations of /t/ in English, by L2 speakers, as: 1) "normal" t, or 2) flapped, d-like t, 3) missing t, and 4) glottalised t. While I have ...
user23501's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
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Is it possible to convert a long sound file to mono on Praat?

My sound files are stereo sounds and I want convert them to mono sounds to remove one of the two channels on the screen, since they look identical. Since they are too long, I have to open them using ...
Celia Bravo Diaz's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
561 views

Precise timing measurement in Praat / .wav files

When analyzing .wav files in Praat, total time duration and target speech segments are represented down to 6 decimals. For example: 154.900000 seconds (borrowed from a Google image screenshot). ...
Rebecca J. Moore's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
192 views

Distinguishing inhalation and exhalation in Praat

How do I recognize and distinguish non linguistic inhaling and exhaling in the waveform or spectrogram? I can hear it in the signal but I want to write a script that recognizes inhalation and ...
Teusz's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
304 views

What are those little numbers when I extract pitch in Praat?

If I extract pitch in praat all those little numbers show up! What are those values standing for? little numbers and pink lines (1263x665, 172 KB)
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3 votes
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Unmoving F1 / formant below F1?

I'm trying to understand some basics, hope this is an ok question. Here's a recording of me producing /i/, /ɛ/, /a/: https://namakajiri.net/misc/i%c9%9ba.webm nevermind the transition between the ...
melissa_boiko's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
669 views

Praat script to extract .wav and corresponding TextGrid for all tokens of a specific word

I'm not competent in Praat scripting and am wondering if someone could help me with what I believe should be a pretty simple task. I'm looking to extract .wav and TextGrids for all tokens of a given ...
user24018's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
51 views

Is there an instructive image where I can see a spectrum and a spectrogram, side-by-side?

I’m sometimes confused about representations of speech sounds. Even if I know a spectrum is 2D and a spectrogram is 3D, and the axes are different, I often struggle to figure our what I’m looking at....
Teusz's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
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Identifying phonemic boundaries in Praat

I am trying to segment some connected speech in Praat, and want to get the boundaries between phonemes as accurate as possible. I am finding that in many cases, one sound blends into another and it's ...
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2 votes
2 answers
109 views

Voicing Into Closure? [segmentation, waveform and spectrogram form Praat]

I'm wondering for how long the voicing persists into closure here, if at all. At about 50% into the closure I would say it's noise only from there on, nevermind F1. But what about the oscillations ...
Grzegorz's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
155 views

Number in the upper lefthand corner of Praat soundwave

What does the number in the purple box (0.4649) indicate? I always thought it was a measurement of amplitude, but when I get the RMS amplitude of the highlighted selection, Praat returns a value of 0....
Lisa's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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annonation file from xwaves to praat

There is a speech corpus (IViE: http://www.phon.ox.ac.uk/files/apps/old_IViE/) which provided annoated speech files in the following format: signal Cambridge_sentences/Q_no_morph/q2cma.d type 0 ...
Cocoa's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
302 views

Spectrograms from bandpass filters

According to Wikipedia, bandpass filters were used before the digital era began. Can anyone explain to me how they appeared or were analyzed? Spectrograms are usually created in one of two ways: ...
Teusz's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
145 views

Extracting LPC coefficients in Praat

How can I extract a matrix of LPC coefficients and frames from a created LPC object using a Praat script? (Or, if I can figure it out using the menu buttons, I can figure out how to script it..) I've ...
Lisa's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
901 views

How to read a value from the Spectrum Slice of Praat

I am trying to view the spectral slice of a point using the Praat Script. I have successfully generated the slice and moved the cursor to the required point but I don't know how to get the energy ...
Itban Saeed's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
759 views

Praat's y-axis in spectrum graph

We have a tone in notched noise in Praat. We want the noise to be 23 dB less than the tone, so we created a noise coefficient using SNR, applied this to the noise file, and combined it with the tone ...
5823574's user avatar
  • 93
2 votes
1 answer
187 views

Aside from Praat, which are the professional options for speech analysis?

I'm working as a forensic linguist at an upcoming trial. No details to share, but I need something highly professional. Praat is obviously a fine speech analysis program (and I know it well from my ...
Teusz's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
62 views

Should I include this piece in the vowel? [spectrogram]

I'm trying to measure vowel length in 'beat", utterance-final. Should I place the marker where it is now or further to the right, as there is some activity there?
Grzegorz's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
57 views

Learning control over formants and sounds energy distributions

Using spectograms like Praat and Chrome Musiclabs Spectogram. I discovered that I can control my first formant by moving my tongue between front to back by consciously moving between the vowel [u] [ae]...
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2 votes
2 answers
193 views

Praat shows Chinese characters as blocks?

I'm using Praat for the first time. When I try to annotate a Chinese speech segment, for some reason the Chinese characters I entered all get displayed as blocks in the corresponding tier: I'm on ...
xji's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
949 views

How to find amplitude values on each time unit in a sound file

I am new to Praat and tryingt to get the selected region in Praat script using the the amplitude values i.e. when amplitude gets larger than a threshold then I should start capturing the region and ...
Itban Saeed's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
42 views

Stop praat from removing zeros

I am relatively new to praat, and I have written a praat script that segments a larger file into smaller files based on a procedure: @instance: "sbc001", 756.00, 758.70 procedure instance: .sound$, ....
Lisa's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
72 views

How does Praat map quantized values to frequency statistics?

I'm working with 16-bit WAV files. As far as I understand, amplitude is measured at a sampling rate of 44100 samples/second (i.e. Hertz), with each sample being represented as binary data through ...
pythonuser's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
347 views

Power in Center of Gravity

I am writing a Praat script to measure center of gravity in fricatives. I don't understand what the difference is in the power values. The manual says "Common values are 2, 1, or 2/3", but I don't ...
Lisa's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
198 views

Invisible boundaries on PRAAT?

I used P2FA to insert all of these boundaries. For some reason, there is an invisible boundary. You can see this is part of the selection. I would like to hand-correct the interval labelled B (on tier ...
axme100's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
83 views

Is there a UHD/4k version of Praat?

I have an UHD monitor and the Praat GUI gets squished and messed up because of it (see below) I basically have to change the resolution of my screen to see the buttons properly. Is there a UHD/4k ...
RECURSIVE FARTS's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
162 views

Get Praat version in script

Is there a command in the Praat scripting language that will get the user's current Praat version? The reason I ask is that I want to distribute a script that uses vectors, but since vectors were only ...
Dan Villarreal's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
83 views

How to add a spectrogram to a paper

I would like to include some examples of spectrograms in a paper I am writing. What are some of the ways to get a picture to include? I thought it might be the "draw" feature in Praat but it doesn't ...
Lisa's user avatar
  • 293
1 vote
2 answers
3k views

How do I draw just one channel of a waveform in Praat?

I have a nice 2-channel recording in Praat. I want to illustrate the waveform for an article, but when I select file>draw visible sound, the result is both channels. Is there any way to adjust this so ...
Teusz's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
78 views

Getting some mess when trying to "draw" a textgrid file in Praat

I created a textgrid file that looks like this: Then when I select the audio file together with the textgrid file and click "Draw", I'm getting not what everyone would expect. I'm getting ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
379 views

Praat fixed$ function

I am writing a praat script to segment a file, but also add padded boundaries. When I use the following line: start = 9.17 paddedStart = fixed$(start - 0.200, 3) I get the error "Found a string ...
Lisa's user avatar
  • 293
1 vote
2 answers
111 views

What's an interactive, hands-on creative way to show the role of prosody?

I am have been nominated to teach an accelerated course on phonology to grad students. The course emphasizes lab work and hands-on methods. What's a creative and innovative idea to demonstrate some ...
Teusz's user avatar
  • 2,701
1 vote
1 answer
997 views

Citing Praat script APA

I'm currently using a Praat script I found online and I would like to cite it in my thesis. Does anyone know whether there is a specific APA format for citing Praat scripts? I've tried looking into ...
Marijke98's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
24 views

Extract time from frames in LPC objects

I want to take other acoustic measurements (voicing, F0, RMS, tilt) at the same time as the frames of my LPC coefficients. Is there a way to extract the exact times that Praat is using to find the LPC ...
Lisa's user avatar
  • 293
1 vote
1 answer
188 views

How to determine formants from a waveform if given time on the horizontal axis and amplitude on the vertical axis?

I know this is probably a really simple question, but just help me out I am very desperate? How to determine formants from a waveform if given time on the horizontal axis and amplitude on the ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
93 views

In what sense if f0 not an objective measurement?

I always assumed a dichotomy between f0 and pitch, such that the former is objective/physical whilst the latter is subjective/mental. Then, I was introduced to this presentation and article. ...
Teusz's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
2k views

How to save the process of your work in PRAAT?

Is it possible to save the process of your project (not a result of it) in PRAAT programme so that you can change smth later etc and do not do the same things over again?
Apple Strudel's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
242 views

Why are f0 candidates stacked vertically in all .pitch files in Praat, like this one?

Why is it that, if I zoom into a .pitch file in Praat, the little numbers (pitch candidates) that are displayed are stacked into vertical lines?
Teusz's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
1k views

How can I detect Formants programatically

I have used Praat to manually find formants of vowels in a word. Can we do this programmatically (automatically)? Also, I looked at speech recognition tools like CMUSphinx. Didn't find them useful ...
iamkhush's user avatar
  • 113
1 vote
1 answer
124 views

Praat - window size larger than vowel

I'm doing an acoustic-phonetic analysis of read-speech in an American English corpus. If we want to set a window/frame size (25 - 30 ms) to cover the majority of vowels in the corpus, but some vowels (...
AyushiP's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
2 answers
198 views

Choosing/Adjusting settings away from the standards in a Praat script

I am analyzing dyadic conversations for speech characteristics through pre-written script. I spoke with an expert in speech analysis prior to data collection as an introduction to praat. He suggested ...
anelson's user avatar
  • 19