Questions tagged [quantitative-linguistics]

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2 votes
0 answers
43 views

Quantitative methodology for contrastive pragmatics in corpus-based settings

I am interested in literature regarding methodology that could be relevant for quantitative research into differences in pragmatic meaning between two 'equivalent' concepts in two languages (in other ...
1 vote
1 answer
75 views

What is the most synthetic popularly spoken language?

Among languages with large numbers of speakers (let's say something like >5 million), what languages are the most synthetic? I can find Swahili and Turkish are good examples, but are there even ...
0 votes
3 answers
106 views

Is there a topic in linguistics that uses differential calculus or AP stats level statistics?

I'm doing a math project that requires the research of an application of differential calculus or statistics, and as someone who is very interested in linguistics, I was wondering if there is any area ...
4 votes
2 answers
414 views

How to interpret this form of Heaps' Law?

Heaps' Law basically is an empirical function that says the number of distinct words you'll find in a document grows as a function to the length of the document. The equation given in the Wikipedia ...
4 votes
2 answers
66 views

Statistic for root-efficiency in languages

In Esperanto you can construct many new words from a relatively low number of root-word. Example, with from arbo (tree) and aro (set) you can build arbaro (forest). My question is three folded: What ...
2 votes
0 answers
39 views

How to quantify and compare different ways of segmenting and transliterating (reading) a text in terms of uncertainty/leeway?

I. Let us say we have a syllabary of n symbols. II. Let us have three ways or methods of transliterating a text written using the symbols of the syllabary: The first method considers the syllabary ...
1 vote
0 answers
133 views

Is it possible to measure the amount of redundancy in a language?

If possible, has it been documented which language(s) seem to have the most amount of redundant elements? The least amount?
5 votes
1 answer
597 views

Shannon's entropy as a measure of vocabulary richness

The Entropy formula for lexical richness is The probability p-ith is calculated by dividing V-ith by N, where N is the total number of tokens in the text and V is the number of types. However, I can'...
1 vote
0 answers
38 views

Error of word frequency [closed]

I have created a database of lyrics with some 10000 songs and did a word frequency analysis to find the most common words. Next, i sorted the corpus according to the publication date and measured the ...
3 votes
1 answer
117 views

Classifying the verbs in a small corpus

I have a relatively small language corpus (ca. 250000 tokens). There are two possible stems for a verb in the language: active and passive. Some of the verbs in the language occur only in passive ...
3 votes
1 answer
282 views

Are there any good theories explaining the language aspect of the Zipf Mystery?

The Zipf mystery: In (presumably all from what I have read) natural languages, the number of times any specific word shows up in the language as a whole, or any particular piece is approximately ...
1 vote
0 answers
129 views

Calculating a matrix of term co-occurrences, including with themselves, within a window

Here I am building on this question, adding the possibility that a term has been inserted within the window of another term of the same type. Here, I have inserted an A as the third character, from ...
0 votes
0 answers
55 views

Significance Testing in corpus linguistics for corpus comparison

I would like to compare two corpora, one consisting of Wikipedia articles and one made up of articles in printed encyclopedias. The corpus is thematically comparable because I always chose the same ...
1 vote
1 answer
282 views

Are there laws of semantic change? [closed]

I'm looking for laws (hypotheses, presumed laws) of semantic change such as the following: (a) law of differentiation: nearby synonyms tend to diverge in meaning over time (b) parallel change: words ...
8 votes
6 answers
3k views

Is there a branch of linguistics using Calculus as a mathematical tool?

Is there a branch of linguistics using Calculus as a mathematical tool? I mean, can we use differential or integrate in linguistic study?
6 votes
1 answer
357 views

What quantity-level of mutual intelligible words are needed for claiming dialects to be languages?

There are much debate of when two dialects become languages. Apart from non-linguistic reasons like politics, quality of understanding is most often used to decide whether two dialects are effectively ...
1 vote
1 answer
68 views

What Sprachgesetze are suggested by Quantitative Linguistics on semantic level? [closed]

Sprachgesetze, verbatimally laws of language, are stochastic statements about features of a language based on empirical evaluation of a corpus. The Sprachgesetze I found are mainly quantitative ...