Questions tagged [quantitative-linguistics]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
8
votes
6answers
2k views

Is there a branch of linguistics using Calculus as a mathematical tool?

Is there a branch of linguistics using Calculus as a mathematical tool? I mean, can we use differential or integrate in linguistic study?
6
votes
1answer
307 views

What quantity-level of mutual intelligible words are needed for claiming dialects to be languages?

There are much debate of when two dialects become languages. Apart from non-linguistic reasons like politics, quality of understanding is most often used to decide whether two dialects are effectively ...
5
votes
1answer
526 views

Shannon's entropy as a measure of vocabulary richness

The Entropy formula for lexical richness is The probability p-ith is calculated by dividing V-ith by N, where N is the total number of tokens in the text and V is the number of types. However, I can'...
4
votes
2answers
296 views

How to interpret this form of Heaps' Law?

Heaps' Law basically is an empirical function that says the number of distinct words you'll find in a document grows as a function to the length of the document. The equation given in the Wikipedia ...
3
votes
2answers
61 views

Statistic for root-efficiency in languages

In Esperanto you can construct many new words from a relatively low number of root-word. Example, with from arbo (tree) and aro (set) you can build arbaro (forest). My question is three folded: What ...
3
votes
1answer
243 views

Are there any good theories explaining the language aspect of the Zipf Mystery?

The Zipf mystery: In (presumably all from what I have read) natural languages, the number of times any specific word shows up in the language as a whole, or any particular piece is approximately ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Classifying the verbs in a small corpus

I have a relatively small language corpus (ca. 250000 tokens). There are two possible stems for a verb in the language: active and passive. Some of the verbs in the language occur only in passive ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

How to quantify and compare different ways of segmenting and transliterating (reading) a text in terms of uncertainty/leeway?

I. Let us say we have a syllabary of n symbols. II. Let us have three ways or methods of transliterating a text written using the symbols of the syllabary: The first method considers the syllabary ...
1
vote
1answer
252 views

Are there laws of semantic change? [closed]

I'm looking for laws (hypotheses, presumed laws) of semantic change such as the following: (a) law of differentiation: nearby synonyms tend to diverge in meaning over time (b) parallel change: words ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

What Sprachgesetze are suggested by Quantitative Linguistics on semantic level? [closed]

Sprachgesetze, verbatimally laws of language, are stochastic statements about features of a language based on empirical evaluation of a corpus. The Sprachgesetze I found are mainly quantitative ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Error of word frequency [closed]

I have created a database of lyrics with some 10000 songs and did a word frequency analysis to find the most common words. Next, i sorted the corpus according to the publication date and measured the ...
1
vote
0answers
121 views

Calculating a matrix of term co-occurrences, including with themselves, within a window

Here I am building on this question, adding the possibility that a term has been inserted within the window of another term of the same type. Here, I have inserted an A as the third character, from ...
1
vote
0answers
117 views

Is it possible to measure the amount of redundancy in a language?

If possible, has it been documented which language(s) seem to have the most amount of redundant elements? The least amount?
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Significance Testing in corpus linguistics for corpus comparison

I would like to compare two corpora, one consisting of Wikipedia articles and one made up of articles in printed encyclopedias. The corpus is thematically comparable because I always chose the same ...