Questions tagged [second-lang-acquisition]

Questions with this tag are about the acquisition of one or more second languages. In other words any language other than the mother tongue or native language of a given speaker.

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20 views

Difference in acquisition of active vs. passive language usage skills

By passive and active, I mean understanding language when used vs. using it yourself, like in the terms active/passive vocabulary. My experience learning languages is that active skills are much ...
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31 views

some good books to read on the major areas in Linguistics

Can anyone please suggest some good books to read on the major areas in Linguistics, including Second Language Acquisition?
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76 views

During second language acquisition, is it common for the speech organs to get tired by speaking the second language?

I am a non-native speaker of English (I'd rather not say what my native language is). I have noticed that my speech organs (tongue, lips, jaws and also the palate but I'm not so sure if it's the ...
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13 views

Can interlanguage and fossilization be applied to first language acq.(L1) and second language acq.(L2) or both of them?

For each of the following terms/concepts, i am writing an exam about language acquisition and I need help concerning the question above. I would be happy to get some answers.
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66 views

Can formal linguistics help language learning?

I am interested in the intersection between abstract, formal grammars/semantics of human language and the very concrete task of learning a new language. Are there any books whose presentation assumes ...
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1answer
126 views

Are markedness and the Sonority Sequencing Principle both language universals?

I'm looking into transfer in second language acquisition, specifically on the syllable structure of other L1s transferring onto English. I'm discussing the impact of transfer as well as the impact of ...
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1answer
200 views

English speakers inserting R in French words

I teach French to people from various background and first languages, but one thing that most English speakers do (even very proficient ones sometimes) is adding R sounds in words. Saying 'droi' for &...
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1answer
121 views

Is English grammar teaching tradition rooted in Latin?

I heard once that the way English grammar was taught as school was rooted in Latin and it wasn't a correct approach for a number of reason ? This was a long time ago, so I cannot remember the details. ...
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1answer
80 views

Is there a concept to describe “a way of saying something that is incorrect, but occurs frequently due to the speaker speaking a second language”?

In the past ten years I've started working with people who's native language is not English. I've noticed that these folks say thing to get a concept across, but it's not something you'd hear a native ...
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1answer
95 views

Speakers of a foreign language in a nation sounding similar in 'mispronunciations'

For pronunciation of a foreign language, do foreign speakers from a certain country speak with the same accent because they learn in their country from someone with that accent, or their native ...
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1answer
132 views

Linguistic overview/critique of the Tomatis method

Some advertisements for language training material (like this and this) have a dubious claim that each language has its own frequency range of sounds, or a "pass band", so that listening to ...
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1answer
62 views

Is it possible to acquire the accent of a foreign language at home?(So i mean by not living in the specific country where the language is spoken) [closed]

I'm a European non-native english speaker with a fairly high level of fluency(my vocabulary is pretty close to the vocab of a native speaker). Since I've been learning English, my goal has always been ...
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Are There Any Papers/Studies/Etc on Teaching L2 Learners how to Parse Speech by Teaching Them Phonotactics?

Are there any studies in which subjects are taught the phonotactics of their L2 in order to help parse words out in their target language's speech? All of the studies I have read concerning the ...
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154 views

What is the natural order of language acquisition?

Whenever someone answers this question, the answer becomes as follows: "the natural order of language acquisition is a hypo thesis proposed by Stephen Krashen which says that ..." But, my question is,...
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1answer
163 views

How to read and understand linguistics articles?

I was wondering if there is a good way to read and understand Quantitative linguistics articles that has graphs in it? For example, For a class, I am currently reading: "Recognition of spoken ...
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2answers
199 views

Is it possible to speak like a native speaker of English by mastering the phonology?

I know some professors of phonetics teach phonetics(in a country like India) in a laboratory almost similar to that of the native speakers.But when they come out of the class their pronunciation does ...
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1answer
137 views

Ease of L2 acquisition of SOV and SVO/VSO word order

Is it easier for speakers of SOV languages to learn SOV/VSO syntax or vice versa? I've been reading about constructed languages recently, specifically the ones intended to be easy to learn such as ...
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42 views

Second language learning and immersion among native speakers

In second language learning is there any evidence that fluency cannot be achieved without immersion among native language speakers? If 'yes', what is the reason?
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280 views

Is it possible to talk about two different phonemes if they always have the same manifestations?

Both considering L1 speakers and L2 speakers. It becomes a bit tricky involving L2 speakers. While a phoneme is defined as one of the units of sound that distinguishes one word from another in a ...
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1answer
126 views

Is ending a sentence with a possessive considered informal? [closed]

Does corpora show any genre preferences for ending sentences with a nominal possessive? Does it occur more in spoken and informal written texts than in academic texts? I really appreciate your input.
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356 views

Is there any “standard” definition of “linguistic input”?

Recently, I've started wondering how to characterize "linguistic input" and realized that the notion is very rarely unpacked. It seems as if everyone takes it to be obvious, and immediately goes to ...
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83 views

Second and third language “search”

In my third or fourth language, when I don't know a word or phrase, I substitute a word from my other non-native language rather than the one I obviously know in my native language. Or if I'm looking ...
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1answer
115 views

Do people “babble” while learning an L2?

I'm currently learning Japanese (みんなさん、こんにちは!), and I've began noticing myself doing the oddest thing while listening to Japanese. I sometimes find myself uttering back sounds I hear; even when I don'...
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1answer
351 views

How to know whether a word is context appropriate? [closed]

So as we all know in both Englisch und Deutsch there are many nouns/verbs that either mean the same or close to the same as eachother, but are chosen based on the context (ex: damp, moist, soggy, etc.....
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189 views

Educating people in their mother tongue

Not all nations provide education in the national tongue. In India, being educated in English is generally preferred. I am looking for any study with details about the situations in different ...
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193 views

I don't know what my L1 is and want to find out

I've been doing personal research in Second Language Acquisition by reading a book on the subject (Understanding Second Language Acquisition -- by Lourdes Ortega) and I've become convinced that the L1 ...
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41 views

required standards for US domestic foreign language education

In reference to my earlier post, I'm going to be teaching foreign languages in some capacity and was advised by a board of education that I ought to understand and incorporate foreign language edu. ...
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87 views

The benefits of studying a second language with word-by-word translations in one's mother tongue [closed]

I've recently been taking French and am having a bit of a hard time understanding the word order of certain sentences or phrases when I'm forming them in my mind. I tend to do the word-by-word ...
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250 views

L2 acquisition as a factor in loss of “complex” grammatical features

Recently I came across a short text on Language Log briefly discussing a phenomenon which seems to affect certain languages. The author noticed that loss or heavy weakening of inflection during ...
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79 views

Analysing the notion of the native speaker

I am interested in the notions of the native, native-like, near native... speakers in linguistics. I have encountered several non-equivalent definitions/characterizations of these concepts. Right now, ...
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33 views

Research on SLA for “Reading Only”

Is there research in SLA by graduate students and others who "acquire" a rudimentary understanding of a language primarily for the purpose of reading original academic research and sources in that ...
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1answer
924 views

How “fluent” do professional classicists get in reading Latin and Greek? How do they do it?

I've learned to an intermediate reading level Latin, Greek, Sanskrit and Classical Arabic. As a foreign language teacher, I'm well aware of current SLA research and the focus on communication and ...
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1answer
95 views

Sign languages of non-mute people

Does anyone study the sign language of people that can actually speak/pronounce/utter words? What would you call such study and what would you call such subject? I mean, if a person can use both ...
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46 views

comparative study of spoken language complexity or irregularity

Could you recommend a publicly accessible study/article that quantitatively compares languages by their complexity or irregularity? I am interested in spoken languages only. Not writing/spelling. ...
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1answer
185 views

Sources on average retention rate of language based on time [closed]

I am creating a language learning app and am interested in sources/publications which offer statistics on retention rate of languages over time. For example, I have data that my product taught ...
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3answers
347 views

Where is American English not chosen as the dialect of English taught as a second language? [closed]

Apart from countries where English is taught as a second language only to immigrants and indigenous peoples (e.g. Australia), where is American English not chosen as the dialect taught when teaching ...
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103 views

Can someone explain this sentence from Dartmouth's German page?

Was perusing the page (you can find it here), I came across the paragraph "That said, word order is a complex aspect of language, never wholly mastered by non-native speakers. What is the idea ...
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123 views

The barrier of intuitively using a second language’s word order

I am learning German and a big hurdle I am facing is word placement. For example, the last half of a sentence is: […], aber ich werde es nicht verstehen. (but I would not understand it.) I know ...
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2answers
341 views

Beginner to Dutch language: should I translate Dutch to English or to German?

I am a fluent English speaker (lvl C2) and a decent German speaker (lvl B2 and fully prepared for C1). I recently started following a Dutch course for beginners. My fear is that I will eventually ...
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Please recommend books or resources written in Spanish, for learning Latin for the first time? [duplicate]

This question restricts the second (unanswered) part here, with the additional stipulation that the reader has studied and knows no Latin whatsoever (but who knows that Spanish is a Romance language ...
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1answer
167 views

Are there resources that exploit phones of English, to teach how to phonate all IPA phones?

Preface: I use 'phonate' to mean: `to produce or to utter a phone'. After 5 years, I finally learned to phonate the Alveolar Trill [r], from an explanation that cleverly exploited English phonology ...
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524 views

How come I cannot get my “oral” English to a native speaker level after 25 years of trying?

I was born in Russia and moved to the US at the adolescent and prepubescent age of 12. Before my relocation to the US I had never really been exposed to the English language at large, and after my ...
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1answer
124 views

How can you learn to read older dialects of your first language(s)?

Abbreviate ED as earlier dialects of your modern first language(s). I desire to read writing written in only ED (eg: philosophy written in English or French dated from 1400) and NOT in languages ...
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70 views

second-language phonology/L1 influence on L2 acquisition

I'm a writer, and I want to write a poem about how one's native language can interfere with the acquisition of a second language. I understand that this is studied in the field of second-language ...
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1answer
85 views

Which linguistic theories account for non native accent?

Clearly, there is a lot known about acquisition of second language by adults, and the different degrees of fluency (at least on the phonetic and phonological levels) which are obtainable. What ...
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1answer
32 views

Are there any tools on the market that employ prosodic research to help overcome speech impediments?

I see a lot of language learning software, apps, intelligent games on the market, but nearly all of them focuses on grammar and lexical aspects of linguistics. I wonder if any techniques are dedicated ...
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2answers
212 views

What stats are available to estimate the possibly coming “World language”?

My definition of the "World language" is the language most people can understand and use as an international language—not necessarily the language most spoken. Background: A hater of English argued ...
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6k views

Which sign language should I learn first? [closed]

I want to start learning sign language. The Wikipedia lists several sign languages depending on real spoken languages, and they all have their origins and families and classifications just like spoken ...
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2answers
2k views

Opposite of “intensifier”?

I really like apples. I don't really like apples. In sentences #1, 'really' acts as an intensifier. Using "teacher talk", I would say that 'really' softens the sentence, but I can't think of a ...
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158 views

Learning two closely related languages [closed]

This is a follow-up, and hopefully an improvement, to my question on German and Yiddish that was migrated to German from Linguistics: https://german.stackexchange.com/questions/18895/learning-german-...