Questions tagged [spoken-language]

A modality of language, contrasted with written language, whistled language or sign language.

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54 views

How is the 'naturalness' of speech measured?

Aside from subjective listening tests, are there other ways of measuring the 'naturalness' of speech, especially synthetic speech? Are there specific features of the speech signal that correlate well ...
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38 views

How are the Ogham stones inscribed?

I earlier asked How to convert Old Irish Latin script to Ogham? and am not quite complete with the answer. I have a similar question still trying to dig into how to build an Ogham generator. But ...
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112 views

What is the difference between an accent and mispronunciation?

I listened this morning to a radio discussion about accents (French radio France Inter, Doit-on avoir honte de notre accent ?). It was about accents from various regions in France (and abroad) and how ...
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Hesitation markers like “uh, ehm” versus repetition

When listening to my 5-year-old son telling me a little story about dinosaurs, he used a lot of repetition in the following way: "The triceratops… the triceratops used his horns… the triceratops ...
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66 views

Slang, colloquial use, informal speech, etc [closed]

Background The question is motivated by this post in the Russian forum, where the answers repeatedly refer to verb пересечёмся as "young people's slang" or "teenage slang". (пересечёмся = "we'll cross ...
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165 views

How to make a bilabial approximant sound?

In the IPA chart, there are some white areas with no text. These are where a sound can exist, but it has not been found in any known language. (The gray areas are where humans are incapable of making ...
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134 views

Term for conversation where each person speaks a different language, while understanding each other

I would like to know if there is a technical (or common) term for the type of bilingual (or multilingual) conversation described in the title. For example, one person could be speaking French, while ...
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1answer
205 views

Estimating the number of words in a language before invention of alphabet

Here is my question from the title: Given a (natural) language with its writing system based on an alphabet, are there any theories giving (quantitative) estimates on the number of words the ...
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34 views

resonance factors

The wiki entry for resonance lists 7 factors that contribute to it: chest larynx nasal cavity oral cavity pharynx sinuses trachea Given one’s base pitch production, I thought that the oral cavity is ...
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117 views

Is audio understanding in bad conditions (e.g. at a noisy market) different between languages?

I consider myself almost fluent in English, but have trouble understanding when the words are blended together. This includes for example noisy places, song lyrics, or accents. In Czech, I have no ...
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165 views

Rejecting writing down a language for various reasons

I remembered reading somewhere about a language that its speakers believe the written words are sacred (or some other reasons) they chose to refrain from putting spoken words into written forms even ...
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36 views

One-to-one speech conversation dataset (Recorded over microphone)

I need a publically available one-to-one speech conversation dataset recorded over the microphone, e.g., interview scenario or enquiry or call centre call answering.
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34 views

How to convert CHAT to TextGrid in a batch?

Siarad corpus is a corpus of spoken Welsh (~40 hours, all transcribed, glossed and translated!). I want to analyze some conversations using Praat. Praat uses the TextGrid format, but the Siarad corpus ...
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82 views

Words per minute - language list?

I have an idea on how fast a Dutch speaker speaks: 130 wpm = medium 160 wpm = fast 100 wpm = slow I'd like to have that same knowledge about other languages. Is there a list somewhere that ...
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480 views

Libs or APIs for removing background noise from voice input?

The effect of background noise on speech recognition is not good. Are there libs or APIs for removing background noise from voice input? Ideally language-agnostic or tuned for the top 100+ languages,...
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137 views

Does (or should) the terms “spoken language” and “speech” include signed language?

And if not, is there a term, accepted by both the Deaf and linguistic communities, that includes both spoken and signed language, in contrast to written language? Reputable linguistic sources, ...
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1answer
181 views

Do any languages not have the concept of “words”?

I'm wondering if there are any languages that are basically just streams of basic sound blocks, like letters or syllables, and they don't have words.
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156 views

What's the difference between articulatory features and articulatory gestures?

I'm confused about those two terms, but based on my understanding articulatory gestures are represented by the vocal tract variables and articulatory features include all units are involved in ...
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98 views

Are there any languages that have words for open and closing quotation marks in speech?

It seems to me that most languages have some way of bounding quotations in written form. European languages have their apostrophe quotes and angle-brackets, while eastern Asian languages have those ...
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57 views

In spoken English, is there a clear preference for using contractions?

In spoken English, is there a clear preference for using contractions? Does it depend on the locale? I am mostly interested in Midwestern and Northeastern USA, but I would also care to know how it is ...
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848 views

Why is spoken Chinese so fast paced?

I'm fan of watching subbed Chinese movies and series and with them sometimes happens something that very rarely happens with movies or series from other languages that's the fact that I haven't been ...
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2answers
77 views

Acoustic signal to phones?

I am currently trying to understand speech perception, and are at the moment a bit stuck.. I seem to understand how the ear process incoming sound, but i don't understand the concept of phones. Why ...
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8k views

Why do Korean and Japanese sound similar to each other to native speakers of English?

I don't understand why, but Korean and Japanese sound very similar to me, and also to other native speakers of English. I think I once read a comment saying something like "If it sounds like Japanese ...
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1answer
241 views

Speech Pathologists and the International Phonetic Alphabet

Do speech therapists and speech pathologists have to learn the International Phonetic Alphabet as part of their profession? They might want to learn it, but my question really is: are they required to ...
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1k views

Langue vs parole in Phonetics and Phonology

How could one frame the differences between phonetics and phonology in Saussurian terms? I know langage/langue/parole were not developed to these ends, but this explanation can help me get a handle ...
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3answers
75 views

Stringed music as a constructed language

I'm working on a concept for a constructed language for a story I'm writing. The people/culture that it's for have no vocal cords and communicate with a combination of body language, tapping/...
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145 views

Would Saussure consider sign language as “parole”?

I wonder if sign language would be "parole" according to Saussurian linguistics. After all, parole can be denied as the "concrete" use of the language, the actual utterances. It is an external ...
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261 views

Speech rate measured in bit/sec

Are there references giving the speech rate measured in bit/sec? I easily found references on speech rate giving measurement in phones/sec, syllables/sec or words/sec. Are there references giving the ...
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How to (automatically ) detect the steady-part of vowels?

Please I need your help ASAP, I need to segment an audio corpus of 4 hours , and I need a tool or script to detect the steady part of vowels and place the boundaries .
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346 views

Praat Script: How to Reverse Selected Sound File?

I want to reverse a sound file using Praat. I tried to figure out the way to do it and found that there's a shortcut Ctrl+R in the Edit menu. but I want to do the same thing using the script. ...
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88 views

Sign languages of non-mute people

Does anyone study the sign language of people that can actually speak/pronounce/utter words? What would you call such study and what would you call such subject? I mean, if a person can use both ...
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399 views

Has English caused any Languages to undergo Sound Change or Grammar Change?

French historically has caused the presence of several unique sounds in English that would not have been present otherwise. For example the "dʒ" sound in "garage". Similarly, I believe I've read ...
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237 views

Spoken Language Dataset of L2 Acquisition

Is there a publicly available dataset of spoken language for L2 acquisition? I would prefer children learning an L2, but any age range is fine. It would be great, but not necessary, to have speaking ...
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77 views

Incomplete sentences

I am looking for studies which looks at understanding and preference of incomplete sentences. For example, is there a higher workload for (in)complete sentences or even though the sentence might be ...
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638 views

Open source probabilistic dialogue state tracker

Do you know of any simple (form filling) dialogue state tracking systems with a graphical model based dialogue state representation? I'm looking for one to get familiar with the overall model and ...
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2answers
142 views

How to assess the language register of speech?

I am looking for ways to automatically assess the language register of a person's speech: formal, informal, ... or through some grading mechanism that would associate a 'score' depending on the person'...
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3answers
295 views

Anguish Languish to English Language metric

Anguish Languish is a silly linguistics exercise to replace all words in a sentence with phonemically similar counterparts with no regards for semantics or meaning. The intent is that the original ...
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396 views

Is the idea of “simultaneity” in sign language as opposed to “linearity” in spoken language really tenable?

I have seen scholars claim that... "sign languages are simultaneous whereas spoken languages are linear". In my opinion, however, the notion of "linearity" vs. "simultaneity" is misleading at best....
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821 views

How does the term “naturalistic speech” differ from “natural language”

Seems some linguists use "naturalistic" -- but I'm not clear on what it means in this context or if it's different from "natural".
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has there been any research conducted on formality and language learning?

I wanted to know if there has been any research regarding F-score or CF-score (Li, Haiying, "Comparing Two Measures for Formality." 2013.) affecting learning and/or language learning?
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9k views

Why do some people speak/whisper the words they are reading?

Not sure if this is the right stack exchange site but here goes.. Couple of people at my workplace seem to whisper or quietly speak the material they read. They do this routinely, and they speak more ...
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native speaker error rates

I am a native speaker of English, but I make (and notice others make) English mistakes all of the time; I change negative to positive and vice versa, I switch "he" and "she", I make spoonerisms, I ...
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484 views

Why does google translate produce awkward sentences

Anyone who has ever used Google translate knows that the translated version is mostly grammatically correct but often extremely awkward to use in a conversation. This is one of the factor which has ...
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2answers
5k views

Which sign language should I learn first? [closed]

I want to start learning sign language. The Wikipedia lists several sign languages depending on real spoken languages, and they all have their origins and families and classifications just like spoken ...
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1answer
566 views

What are common non-lexical indicators of sarcasm expressed orally in English

I've been doing some anecdotal research into what indicates sarcasm in spoken form. My goal is to find indicators of sarcasm without relying on the meaning of the words and sentences themselves. ...
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157 views

Is there a public sound bank of the IPA?

I'm looking for a comprehensive audio database of the IPA, spoken by the same individual. I realize the this restriction may not include the full set of the IPA and I'm willing to settle on the ...
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1k views

Writing influences speech and viceversa?

For example, language changes over time, but in languages that exist without writing, it changes naturally just influenced by itself. So when writing was introduced, did that start to influence speech ...
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280 views

English an Oral, German a Written Culture?

From my perception (native German, lived in UK) German culture is more focused on the written word and values precision and perfection when expressing yourself. English culture on the contrary ...
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467 views

Common name for speech errors like Phoneme Deletion and Phoneme Substitution

I would like to know the common name for speech errors like phoneme deletion and phoneme substitution, just like there is word called "prosodic error" for stress error and intonation error. I have ...
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155 views

Do generative linguists use spoken-word corpora?

Do generative linguists use spoken-word corpora for data? Offhand, I don't see why at least some of them wouldn't. I'm not suggesting that the use of spoken-word corpora vs. documented native ...