Questions tagged [stops]

Consonants produced by completely obstructing oral airflow.

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7
votes
1answer
210 views

Affrication-like sound in palatal plosive [c]

When I compare the plosive sounds in an IPA table with recordings (like this or this), the sound of [c] stands out to me as noisier and more turbulent than the rest of the series [p, t, ʈ, k, q, ʔ]. ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Aspiration of voiced consonants

I have read in the wikipedia about aspiration that "voiced consonants are seldom actually aspirated", unlike their unvoiced counterparts. It does not seem so to me. Assuming that aspiration is the ...
1
vote
2answers
142 views

Lengthened voiced stops and the airstream through the nose

I am going through Catford's Practical Introduction to Phonetics, experiments 31-32. After explaining how to produce voiced stops [b], [d], [g] by superimposing a closure upon the voiced air-stream, ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Do Old Indian words with voiceless aspirated stops have cognates in other branches of Indogermanic?

Inspired by this answer by Arnaud Fournet I have this question: Do Old Indic (Vedic, Sankrit) words beginning with a voiceless aspirated stop (like ph, th, or kh) have cognates in other branches of ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

How to analyse stops place of articulation?

Works which focus on differences in place of articulation of stops (like Sundara 2005, 2006) usually use spectral measurements (COG, skewness, SD, kurtosis) and relative burst intensity. It is not ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

How to identify the English \t\ consonant in sound recordings?

I am trying to recognize the consonants in a word i.e. if the word spoken is tap, using different tools like Praat or MATLAB etc. I want to implement a system to ensure that the first letter spoken ...
1
vote
3answers
462 views

How to transcribe a labial+glottal stop released as a bilabial nasal

I think English something is sometimes pronounced thus: [s] some vowel, arguendo [ə] a stop. This stop is pronounced by simultaneously closing the lips and glottis. So perhaps it'd be called a labio-...
0
votes
1answer
356 views

What is the difference between velar and ejective stops?

What is the difference between the velar stop [kʰ] and the ejective [k̛ ]? And how are they pronounced?
1
vote
0answers
205 views

Identifying place of articulation of stops in Praat

I've played around in Praat a bit trying to identify unknown syllables in Mandarin by just looking at the spectrograms. Since there is a very limited number of syllables in Mandarin (slightly over 400 ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Languages with a three-way distinction between voiced, aspirated, and unaspirated stops

I thought I had asked this question here previously but it turns out that I asked about ejectives rather than aspirated stops. So this time I would like to ask whether there are languages that have a ...
2
votes
2answers
261 views

Are voiced stops in English articulated in the same manner as their nasal counterparts before the stop release?

I have a question regarding the initial part of stop consonants in English. Let's take /b/, the voiced bilabial stop consonant, as an example. When I produce this consonant, prior to the stop release,...
4
votes
3answers
376 views

Are nasals stop consonants?

Nasals: I must answer the question but I am not sure how to understand it... The question is: why nasals both can and cannot be treated as stop consonants? I thought that nasals cannot be stop ...
1
vote
3answers
663 views

Is the consonant [b] always voiced across languages? What about [p]?

Is the consonant [b] always voiced across languages? What about [p] being voiceless? Similarly, is [k] always voiceless across languages? Basically, I am taking what I know in English and wondering ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Are there languages with contrasting unvoiced aspirated, unaspirated, and ejective stops?

In English there are just two series of stops, voiced (b, d, g) and unvoiced (p, t, k). The latter are generally aspirated (though it depends on phonological context). In many common languages of ...
12
votes
7answers
38k views

What is the difference between voiced and voiceless stop consonants?

As a native speaker of American English, when I was listening to the difference sounds in this IPA chart, I was really surprised when I realized that I could not differentiate between p/b, t/d, and k/...
18
votes
3answers
4k views

Why does stop VOT duration vary depending on place of articulation?

From the (albeit citation needed) section of the Wikipedia article on aspiration: Spanish /p t k/, for example, have voice onset times (VOTs) of about 5, 10, and 30 milliseconds, whereas English /p ...