Questions tagged [substrate]

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1answer
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What is the current understanding of the substrate(s) to the Indo-Aryan languages

The Indo-Aryan languages have acquired some vocabulary and other features that aren't present in the Iranian languages. This is ascribed to substrate influence. What is the current understanding of ...
3
votes
1answer
236 views

possible etymologies and cognates for Dutch 'mooi'?

The Dutch word 'mooi' (beautiful) doesn't seem to have a clear etymology nor any cognates. Does anyone have theories or ideas for possible origins or cognates? It seems to have caused Dutch 'schoon' ...
3
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4answers
639 views

What is the substrate of Romanian language?

I mean what was the native language of Wlachs and Dacians before they adopted Latin?
4
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1answer
208 views

Loans in Indo-Aryan languages indicating possible migration routes

I am aware of only few Uralic loans into Indo-Aryan languages that show migrations from Eurasia to India, Iran etc. What are typical examples of loan words that are unquestionably a result of a ...
2
votes
1answer
7k views

How are languages affected by substrates vs superstrates?

Firstly since there seem to be multiple meanings of "substrate" and "superstrate" let me start by defining the terms for this question: A substrate language is one that was in a place before a new ...
11
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6answers
433 views

Are some languages known to have taken grammatical features etc rather than just lexicon from their substrate languages?

It's common for the language of an area to have replaced an older language previously spoken there. The new language typically will have a few words which can be traced to the old language, the latter ...