Questions tagged [syllables]

A unit of organisation for a sequence of speech sounds. Consists of a nucleus with optional preceding onset and optional following coda.

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2answers
86 views

Is a long consonant counted as C or CC in syllable structure?

There are languages that have consonants that are a bit longer in duration i.e. the same as long vowels (e.g. like /iː/). So a long consonant is represented by writing /ː/ after it: long L = /lː/, ...
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3answers
389 views

Source of syllable statistics of languages?

I wish to compare the syllable diversity and length distributiin of different languages. En-Fr to start with, phonetically even more than in writing. I want to check the theory that short word short ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the difference between a phonetic syllable and a phonological syllable?

I understand the difference between phonetics and phonology of course, but I have trouble distinguishing the notion of syllable on the two levels. When I'm describing syllabic phenomena, how can I ...
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2answers
134 views

Who are the first theorists to represent syllable structure as a hierarchical branching structure?

I have attached an example of this structure for the word 'dream', from Blevins' chapter in the Handbook of Phonological Theory, 1995.
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2answers
253 views

Wellsean Syllabification and Recapitulation Symbols in the LPD

Those of you who deal with phonetics and phonology of English, and perhaps other languages as well, will surely have read John C. Wells’s article “Syllabification and allophony”, which you can find ...
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2answers
169 views

Is there a strict set of rules retrieving syllables from Greek text?

I'm trying to process language corpus written in Greek and like to split words to syllables. I wonder if there is a programmatical way to do that with a strict set of rules, that can be followed to ...
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1answer
188 views

Does the French word [fij] (fille) consist of a single open syllable?

For an assignment in one of our classes, our teacher had directed us to analyze a set of french words, which included the word [fij] (fille). However, later, she instructed us not to analyze that word....
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1answer
1k views

Computationally differentiating between CVC, VCV and CV syllables

I want to develop a program which can differentiate between CVC, VCV, and CV syllable types. I'm having trouble knowing when vowel has ended in CVC and CV syllables. I want to read more about it. ...
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8answers
2k views

Is there any proof that diphthongs exist?

I was always taught that a word contains as many syllables as it has vowels. By definition, a vowel is a sound that produces a syllable. On the other hand, in English phonology, by definition, ...
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2answers
294 views

The Theory Against Syllables

I've seen people mention that some theoretical linguists even dispute the idea of syllables. Maybe, too, it is related to the problem Nuxalk poses to the theory of syllables, since they can have large ...
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2answers
5k views

Which types of phonemes mark syllable boundaries?

I'm developing a library that takes words broken down into phonemes and counts the number of syllables in them. The phonemes provided by the CMU Pronouncing Dictionary fall into eight types: ...
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2answers
161 views

Considering the English language, is there only one way to divide a word in syllables?

I should do a words analysis. More specifically given a word I should split it into syllables and I was wondering if, given a word, there is only one syllables subdivision. This is because I have read ...
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2answers
101 views

How to syllabify 'behave' and 'behaviour'?

I'm well aware of the Maximal Onset Principle which says that 'intervocalic consonants should be syllabified as the onset of the following syllable as long as the Phonotactic constraints allow it'. I ...
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1answer
68 views

Mathematics of Rhyme (perfect, slant)

I have recently been working on some programming frameworks incorporating audio analysis of the English language, particularly whether words "rhyme" or not (pure rhyme, slant rhyme, etc.) ...
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2answers
92 views

Probability based algorithm to convert IPA into english language text

For a student job i'm creating a neural network-based method of determining the probability that two written names are referring to the same person (e.g. what is the probability that kelly m. refers ...
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1answer
106 views

What would be the hypothetical phonological range of canines based on their physiology?

There are all kinds of videos showcasing "talking" dogs like huskies jabbering away, but I'm curious: In theory (in a world where dogs could have human brains) what would they physiologically be ...
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2answers
228 views

If a syllabic consonant can be a plosive

Wondering if a Syllabic Consonant can be a plosive such as t or p. Maybe Nuxalk has this feature, I don't know. Basically if you would say something like /p't'p't'/ (where ' is for explosive), ...
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1answer
93 views

Perceptual salience of two consecutive syllables

Imagine the f0 of two subsequent syllables. The first rises from 200Hz to 300Hz and the second from 300Hz to 400Hz In other words, rises are both 100 Hz. Why is it the case that the first has more ...
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1answer
614 views

Does ambisyllabicity apply to all words?

In the answers to my last phonetics assignment provided by my professor, the syllable tree diagram for the word /ʌ n t æ ŋ g l̩ / didn't show any ambisyllabic consonants. Our textbook doesn't go into ...
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1answer
113 views

Why is/was Gokana claimed to lack syllables?

Wikipedia says that Gokana has been argued to lack syllables, a radical claim because syllables are traditionally considered to be universal, offers no details, but points out that later the claim has ...
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1answer
171 views

What is the difference between Minimal Onset Satisfaction and Onset Maximization Principle?

Since they both describe that onsets take priority over of codas, what is the difference between them?
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2answers
453 views

Do a classification of words with two or more stressed syllables exist?

In phonology, words can be classified according to the position of the stressed syllable: An oxytone word is a word stressed in the last syllable. A paroxytone word is a word stressed in the second ...
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2answers
452 views

unicode symbol(s) for a long syllable in a Latin text

I want to write the following line (Ovid, Metamorphoses, X.30) with its metric peculiarity : per Chaos hoc ingēns uāstīque silentia rēgnī (something like : By this huge void and these vast and ...
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1answer
95 views

How do I pronounce each syllable slowly from a word in audio?

any ideas? Of a software that transforms the counting syllables slowly automatically from a word in audio at normal speed. des-pa-ci-to please. Suppose I want to do that with audios from this page ...
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0answers
26 views

Moraic vs Non-Moraic Codas

What determines a coda to be moraic or non-moraic relative to stress? I am a little confused about this.
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0answers
174 views

Finnish data, Consonant Gradatition

I am working on the blow Finnish data. As far as I understand there are 3 alternatives: 1) K -> 0 ( in "fault" group) 2) kk-> k (in "firplace" and "dot" group) 3) k-> k ( in "sledgehammer") The ...
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2k views

The breakdown of the word "strength" or "cheap" or "sheep"

So it turns out that sometimes consonants in a sequence can be called single consonants (e.g. d͡z), or consonant "clusters". But the main reason for calling d͡z a single consonant is because it "...
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1answer
884 views

How can a syllable be marked?

I understand how a word can be marked, for example the word walks is marked with the suffix -s. But what is meant by marked and unmarked syllables ? (Not marked or unmarked words) Can you give ...
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3answers
3k views

most frequent syllables

I am looking for a list of the most frequent syllables of all languages spoken on earth, sorted by frequency. I found such lists for english and for german, but I want to get a list across all ...
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1answer
85 views

Are there any languages that have tones that shift over vowels in a single syllable?

I am wondering about tones. Specifically, wondering if there are cases where a tone shifts from one vowel to the next, perhaps in some language like Mandarin Chinese or Vietnamese, if not some African ...
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1answer
27 views

What is "metrically free elements"?

According to the Free Element Condition, only metrically free elements may undergo metrical construction. But what is "metrically free elements"?
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1answer
1k views

What does " *! " mean?

What does the symbol *! mean when it is referred to the constraints ONSET and NoCODA? For example in my professor's notes, when /CVCV/ is syllabified as CVC.V, both ONSET and NoCODA take the symbol *!...
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1answer
96 views

Is there Wis-consin and Wi-sconsin?

This is so subtle that I don't know if I'm imagining it. I think I hear two different pronunciations of this word. Are these really distinguishable? Wikipedia says /wɪ ˈskɒnsɪn/, but their audio link ...
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1answer
99 views

What does "directionality of footing" mean?

How do we understand if the foot construction is Right to Left or Left to Right? Does it have to do with the head of the foot? For example, in a trochee (the head is leftmost in the foot), is the ...
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0answers
23 views

Scientific sources/ literature regarding (spanish) speech rate

I'm interested in scientific sources or literature regarding speech rate/ tempo of speech of the Spanish language. Do you know any? Specifically, I'm looking for sources that compare the speech rate ...
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0answers
57 views

Proof of definite beginning and ending of syllables where three or more consonants in between?

(Note: I am not sure on how to phrase this question, so if you can, please edit for clarity) So, recently a question came into my mind about whether we can actually define where syllables begin and ...
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1answer
145 views

Algorithms used for identifying the syllables in a Sanskrit word

Could anyone give a reference to the best book or website for learning the algorithms used for identifying the syllables in a Sanskrit word, in a completely unambiguous way, just from a piece of text? ...
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1answer
134 views

With how much certainty can we say that all languages have at least one word with a secondary stress?

Apparently is common, so I wanted to know just how much.

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