Questions tagged [synonymy]

A sense relation between words with the same or similar meaning.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
5
votes
0answers
95 views

Term for non-homograph homophone synonyms?

In Japanese, 熱い and 暑い are both read atsui and both mean 'hot'. The former pertains to an object (e.g. hot coffee) and the latter to weather. In French 'cuissot' and 'cuisseau' have the same ...
2
votes
2answers
194 views

Are synonyms evidence of cultural merges between ethnicities?

The word "Chance" has a few translations to German: Chance, Zufall, Gelegenheit, etc. The German Chance is borrowed from Latin, where it developed from cadere "to fall". I can assume the word Zufall ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Word for synonyms with different degree

How call words expressing same thing but varying degree? hot - warm - cold - frozen
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Are synonyms belonging to different dialects “absolute synonyms”?

As in the words tin - can, taxi - cab, autumn - fall, lift - elevator, etc. Would these be considered as absolute synonyms?
-5
votes
1answer
105 views

What is the difference between taurus and bovine? [closed]

What is the difference between taurus and bovine? Both words are from Latin and both words refers to cows or the cow family.
2
votes
2answers
220 views

How long in a language several words for the same notion can coexist?

Sometimes a language can have several words for the same notion. How long such a situation can last? Is it good for a language to have it? Should language bearers and linguists do something about it? ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Are alternative pronunciations (with or without alternative spellings) different word forms from each other?

On another question a linguist told me that linguists define word forms by their phoneme sequence rather than their grapheme sequence. This makes me wonder: Are the spoken words going and goin' the ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Is There A Text Reducing Tool Via Synonyms?

Is there a tool that can replace text with smaller synonyms, abbreviations, and initialisms? E.g. "Hello everyone, how are you all doing today? By the way, I'm leaving tonight." could become: "Hi ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Relationship between commonality/rarity and synonymy

Is there are term in linguistics for the phenomenon that there are a greater number of ways to express common, basic, and more frequently used concepts than there are ways to express concepts that are ...
-2
votes
1answer
83 views

Natural Language Processing Meta-Super-Dictionary

The end goal of asking this question is to find a big (probably several hundred petabyte) data file expressing the meanings of words based on their interactions with other word in as many languages as ...
3
votes
1answer
269 views

How do contronyms (aka auto-antonyms) arise?

Contronyms are words that are their own antonyms. For example: Sanction can mean to penalize for or approve of. Off can mean activated(the alarm went off) or deactivated. (Additional examples) ...
1
vote
0answers
136 views

Synonym/hyponyms/hypernym detection data set

I am looking for data sets that I could use to train and benchmark a system that detects synonyms, hyponyms and hypernyms in a text. For example, in the sentence In statistics, logistic ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

On the programmatic creation of non-English 'syngraphs' for the purpose of lexicon study

I am a native English speaker. I have recently come to the conclusion that the main obstacle in my learning of foreign languages is always the study of the lexicon, which is vast and largely '...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

How is “complexity” calculated on thesaurus.com?

On thesaurus.com, you can filter synonyms by their "complexity." Does anyone know the criteria they use to determine a word's complexity?
1
vote
4answers
1k views

Universal Words

I posted this in the wrong place https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/234744/universal-words?noredirect=1#comment505372_234744, and it generated some good discussion. Years ago I found in the ...
2
votes
2answers
240 views

Etymological reason behind Lao's many seeming variants for “stairs”?

I'm in Laos studying Lao on my own and came across the fact that different sources have slightly different words for "stairs" and the SEAlang Lao dictionary has even more: ກະໃດ - 15 Google results ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Are there different Terms for “Synonyms” when distinguishing inflectable Words from particular inflected Forms?

I am thinking of two slightly different concepts, both of which I would refer to as synonymy. As I would like to distinguish the concepts in a text, I am looking for two distinct words. First, I will ...
2
votes
2answers
224 views

Term for a similar word that cannot stand for it in every context?

I once learned a term meaning a similar word that cannot stand for it in every context, i.e. a synonym that doesn't work in every instance the original word can (not a hypernym). What is this term?
1
vote
2answers
272 views

Head word for Synonyms and Word Families?

::UPDATED:: Dictionaries will often present a single word, and then inflected/derived relational forms (such as "house", and then provide listings for "houses", "housed" and "housing"). I'm looking ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Connection between word usage frequency and number of synonyms for the word

At a first glance it seems to be obvious/expectable (at least to some extent) that the more frequently a word is used in language the more synonyms it should have. Can somebody point out whether this ...
0
votes
1answer
157 views

Using the alternatives for copyrighted zero derivation words (e.g. “LEGO”, “Xerox” [closed]

We have seen how copyright infringement goes into zero derivation English words such as a Xerox clone or He was Googling it or even A lego like construction. (e.g. http://agile.dzone.com/articles/real-...
2
votes
0answers
139 views

Are the two Lao (and Isan) words for “to be”, “ເປັນ” (pen) and “ແມ່ນ” (maen), etymologically related?

I've just learned that Lao has two words for "to be", that are mostly interchangeable: ເປັນ (pen) ແມ່ນ (maen) They both begin with a labial, have an "e-like" vowel, and end "n". I think it's pretty ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What factors affect the number of synonyms a language has?

What factors affect the number of synonyms a language has? I'd like to leave aside sign languages for this question. When the production of a given sign can be varied in 3-D space, not a lot of ...
1
vote
2answers
6k views

What is the semantic difference between 'thing', 'object', 'piece' and 'item'? [closed]

I'm editing an article which talks about early terms for artefacts in the Russian language, but the article is in English. Both Russian and English have a diverse field of synonyms for 'thing' - I was ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Database of synonym gradients

I'm going to be analyzing tweets where I care about how confidently someone is expressing an idea. So: X destroyed Y Would be express greater confidence than X beat Y About 9 months ago I ...
3
votes
1answer
252 views

Dimensional reduction with synonomy and polysemy

I was wondering something for a computer science project I am doing. Documents usually have too many distinct words to process on a computer efficiently. One solution is to map all words to a single ...
20
votes
8answers
14k views

Do absolute synonyms exist?

By absolute synonyms, I mean words (in the same language) that are interchangeable in all situations. There can't be differences in register, meaning, or emotional value. Is there material that ...