Questions tagged [synonymy]

A sense relation between words with the same or similar meaning.

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How are explanatory thesauruses made?

Technically, creating an explanatory thesaurus should require a full-blown research (either a corpus study or a research conducted on native speakers) for every synonym group to pinpoint the exact ...
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Difference between polysemes and senses

As far as I understand, saying that two words are polysemes is saying they're synonymous homonyms, but not synonymous enough to be the same word. Senses on the other hand, are synonymous enough to be ...
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What are the processes and mechanisms that create homo(graphs/phones/semes)?

I suspect that homographs and homophones may arise as multiple words from different languages are brought into a language, winding up with the same graphemic and/or phonemic representation. The same ...
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Term for non-homograph homophone synonyms?

In Japanese, 熱い and 暑い are both read atsui and both mean 'hot'. The former pertains to an object (e.g. hot coffee) and the latter to weather. In French 'cuissot' and 'cuisseau' have the same ...
Mathieu Bouville's user avatar
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Are synonyms evidence of cultural merges between ethnicities?

The word "Chance" has a few translations to German: Chance, Zufall, Gelegenheit, etc. The German Chance is borrowed from Latin, where it developed from cadere "to fall". I can assume the word Zufall ...
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Word for synonyms with different degree

How call words expressing same thing but varying degree? hot - warm - cold - frozen
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Are synonyms belonging to different dialects "absolute synonyms"?

As in the words tin - can, taxi - cab, autumn - fall, lift - elevator, etc. Would these be considered as absolute synonyms?
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What is the difference between taurus and bovine? [closed]

What is the difference between taurus and bovine? Both words are from Latin and both words refers to cows or the cow family.
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How long in a language several words for the same notion can coexist?

Sometimes a language can have several words for the same notion. How long such a situation can last? Is it good for a language to have it? Should language bearers and linguists do something about it? ...
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Are alternative pronunciations (with or without alternative spellings) different word forms from each other?

On another question a linguist told me that linguists define word forms by their phoneme sequence rather than their grapheme sequence. This makes me wonder: Are the spoken words going and goin' the ...
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Is There A Text Reducing Tool Via Synonyms?

Is there a tool that can replace text with smaller synonyms, abbreviations, and initialisms? E.g. "Hello everyone, how are you all doing today? By the way, I'm leaving tonight." could become: "Hi ...
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Relationship between commonality/rarity and synonymy

Is there are term in linguistics for the phenomenon that there are a greater number of ways to express common, basic, and more frequently used concepts than there are ways to express concepts that are ...
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Natural Language Processing Meta-Super-Dictionary

The end goal of asking this question is to find a big (probably several hundred petabyte) data file expressing the meanings of words based on their interactions with other word in as many languages as ...
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How do contronyms (aka auto-antonyms) arise?

Contronyms are words that are their own antonyms. For example: Sanction can mean to penalize for or approve of. Off can mean activated(the alarm went off) or deactivated. (Additional examples) ...
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Synonym/hyponyms/hypernym detection data set

I am looking for data sets that I could use to train and benchmark a system that detects synonyms, hyponyms and hypernyms in a text. For example, in the sentence In statistics, logistic ...
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On the programmatic creation of non-English 'syngraphs' for the purpose of lexicon study

I am a native English speaker. I have recently come to the conclusion that the main obstacle in my learning of foreign languages is always the study of the lexicon, which is vast and largely '...
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How is "complexity" calculated on thesaurus.com?

On thesaurus.com, you can filter synonyms by their "complexity." Does anyone know the criteria they use to determine a word's complexity?
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Universal Words

I posted this in the wrong place https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/234744/universal-words?noredirect=1#comment505372_234744, and it generated some good discussion. Years ago I found in the ...
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Etymological reason behind Lao's many seeming variants for "stairs"?

I'm in Laos studying Lao on my own and came across the fact that different sources have slightly different words for "stairs" and the SEAlang Lao dictionary has even more: ກະໃດ - 15 Google results ...
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Are there different Terms for "Synonyms" when distinguishing inflectable Words from particular inflected Forms?

I am thinking of two slightly different concepts, both of which I would refer to as synonymy. As I would like to distinguish the concepts in a text, I am looking for two distinct words. First, I will ...
O. R. Mapper's user avatar
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Term for a similar word that cannot stand for it in every context?

I once learned a term meaning a similar word that cannot stand for it in every context, i.e. a synonym that doesn't work in every instance the original word can (not a hypernym). What is this term?
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Head word for Synonyms and Word Families?

::UPDATED:: Dictionaries will often present a single word, and then inflected/derived relational forms (such as "house", and then provide listings for "houses", "housed" and "housing"). I'm looking ...
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Connection between word usage frequency and number of synonyms for the word

At a first glance it seems to be obvious/expectable (at least to some extent) that the more frequently a word is used in language the more synonyms it should have. Can somebody point out whether this ...
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Using the alternatives for copyrighted zero derivation words (e.g. "LEGO", "Xerox" [closed]

We have seen how copyright infringement goes into zero derivation English words such as a Xerox clone or He was Googling it or even A lego like construction. (e.g. http://agile.dzone.com/articles/real-...
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Are the two Lao (and Isan) words for "to be", "ເປັນ" (pen) and "ແມ່ນ" (maen), etymologically related?

I've just learned that Lao has two words for "to be", that are mostly interchangeable: ເປັນ (pen) ແມ່ນ (maen) They both begin with a labial, have an "e-like" vowel, and end "n". I think it's pretty ...
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What factors affect the number of synonyms a language has?

What factors affect the number of synonyms a language has? I'd like to leave aside sign languages for this question. When the production of a given sign can be varied in 3-D space, not a lot of ...
James Grossmann's user avatar
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What is the semantic difference between 'thing', 'object', 'piece' and 'item'? [closed]

I'm editing an article which talks about early terms for artefacts in the Russian language, but the article is in English. Both Russian and English have a diverse field of synonyms for 'thing' - I was ...
lowercasename's user avatar
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Database of synonym gradients

I'm going to be analyzing tweets where I care about how confidently someone is expressing an idea. So: X destroyed Y Would be express greater confidence than X beat Y About 9 months ago I ...
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Dimensional reduction with synonomy and polysemy

I was wondering something for a computer science project I am doing. Documents usually have too many distinct words to process on a computer efficiently. One solution is to map all words to a single ...
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Do absolute synonyms exist?

By absolute synonyms, I mean words (in the same language) that are interchangeable in all situations. There can't be differences in register, meaning, or emotional value. Is there material that ...
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