Questions tagged [syntax-trees]

Graphical representations of hierarchical analyses of grammatical relations. Requests to make syntax trees are off-topic.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2 votes
1 answer
92 views

Why are these adjectives being presented as adverbs in syntax tree (Carnie, 3rd Edition)?

I am in a Syntax class where we use the textbook Syntax: A Generative Introduction, 3rd Edition by Andrew Carnie. There is a tree presented in the chapter on x-bar theory that indicates that the words ...
0 votes
0 answers
21 views

checking whether or not my syntactic analysis is correct [closed]

Is this syntactic analysis acceptable ? I'm kinda new to this. I also want to inquire about the abbreviations that i used. Are there standard ones to use? I'm asking thing because in multiple ...
3 votes
1 answer
70 views

Name for ongoing syntactic dependencies after a word

Consider the sentence "I love my dog." There are three syntactic dependencies in this sentence: (a) the subject dependency from "I" to "love," (b) the modifier dependency ...
8 votes
2 answers
184 views

How do syntacticians explain object pronouns in the subject position ("Me and him" or "Lui et moi")?

Me and a lot of other native English speakers sometimes use object pronouns as the subject of sentences if there's an "and" in the subject. This has been mentioned on Stack Exchange before ...
  • 226
3 votes
1 answer
45 views

Argumentation for the existence of Tense phrase

I could not find syntactic arguments to support the existence of a separate T(ense) category inside the tree for the sentence “John rarely spends the weekend with his family” As well as syntactic ...
  • 65
3 votes
0 answers
48 views

In X-Bar theory, what could the Specifiers of PPs and AdvPs ever be?

In X-Bar theory, do prepositional phrases, adverbial phrases, adjectival phrases etc. ever have specifiers? What could they be? The only phrases I know the possible specifiers for are: Noun Phrases, ...
3 votes
1 answer
82 views

How does an AdvP attach in X-bar syntax?

I am studying Linguistics and for the life of me, I cannot seem to get my head around X bar theory. I have to figure out the X bar sytax tree of this sentence: "I love the cover of the book very ...
  • 31
4 votes
3 answers
1k views

Is triple branching necessary in making a syntax tree for 'the girl in the room waved to me'? [closed]

If 'the girl in the room' is my constituent, should I use triple branching under my first N'? The two options I am considering are below. Which would be correct?
4 votes
0 answers
108 views

Stacking of prepositions in English?

The Cambridge Grammar Of The English Language recognises the existence of intransitive prepositions (p. 612): The case for allowing prepositions with no complements is most compelling where the same ...
  • 299
1 vote
0 answers
168 views

How do I treat phrasal verbs in X-bar theory?

I need to draw the tree of this sentence according to x-bar theory. She would back me up when it was needed What do I do with the phrasal verb with the pronoun in the middle? Thank you!
0 votes
0 answers
72 views

French V-to-T movement and modifier

I am struggling with this question that concerns the location of a modifier in a French sentence. How would you account for the last sentence? Thank you in advance.
0 votes
1 answer
67 views

How to recognize Heads [closed]

I'm reading "Introduction to English linguistics" and in the chapter 4, there is a paragraph that I don't understand : The other crucial cluster of properties of heads concern their ...
2 votes
1 answer
85 views

How can the following phrase ambiguously have two trees: "expensive shoes from Italy"?

This is an exercise from "Introducing syntax" by Olaf Koeneman & Hedde Zeijlstra, 2017. The chapter this exercise is taken from deals with "Merge".
  • 33
1 vote
0 answers
53 views

Infinitive clauses in syntactic bracketing/trees [closed]

I am a little confused on how the bracketing of a sentence like “millie forced me to play” would look like when also breaking down the tenses within the phrase. Thank you!
3 votes
1 answer
107 views

Is there a language whose syntactic structure accepts a specifier of a PP?

We know a preposition (in X-bar theory) is the head of a prepositional phrase and it has a complement that is the sister of this very preposition. However I've never seen a language with a constituent ...
  • 1,316
1 vote
0 answers
47 views

Second Opinion on Syntax Tree [closed]

I made a syntax tree and I wanted to know if it was well done. The sentence is in French, "Rosa apportera chez le marchand d'art deux toiles de Frida Kahlo". To let you know my logic behind ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
143 views

"STARBUCKESE" syntax problem

In standard English, one can’t put a PP before a head noun that the preposition modifies. For example, the NP in (a) is completely ungrammatical. a) *The with milk coffee. But there is a major chain ...
2 votes
1 answer
36 views

Difference between the Merge postion and the base position

I was reading this analysis of the derivation below. And I wasn't familiar with the terminology "original Merge position." Is it just like "the base position"? Here is the sentence ...
  • 105
0 votes
0 answers
34 views

Why is the PP, according to this derivation, directly moved from the lower (farther) DP, not the nearer one?

The sentence being parsed: De CHOMSKY varios libros han ganado premios internacionales, no de Trotsky. of Chomsky several books have won awards international-PL, not of Trotsky Why is the PP on top ...
  • 105
0 votes
1 answer
79 views

Why two appearances of the past participle "ganado" in this derivation?

The sentence being parsed: De CHOMSKY varios libros han ganado premios internacionales, no de Trotsky. of Chomsky several books have won awards international-PL, not of Trotsky Could someone please ...
  • 105
1 vote
0 answers
79 views

How do you draw a x-bar tree with negative inversion? [closed]

For example: 'Never was I so offended' There is already a T to C inversion with 'was', where do we put the word 'Never'? And how should we label it? AdvP or Neg?
0 votes
1 answer
70 views

In syntax trees, why aren't single-word phrases reduced to that word?

Why do phrases like "the car in Texas" break down into (NP (Det the) (N car) (PP (P in) (NP (N Texas)))) Why is the prepositional phrase "in Texas" constituted of the ...
0 votes
1 answer
53 views

Handling enumerations in Generative syntax trees

How can we build syntax trees for sentences with enumerations? I have three sentences as examples: S1: John, Mary, Paul, Alice and Bob eat a cake. S2: I'm eating an apple, a pear, a cherry, a ...
3 votes
1 answer
761 views

How to treat adverbial phrases in X-bar theory

My question is about how to represent so-called adverbial phrases like "last night" or "all day". My confusion arises because there seems to be a consensus that these phrases are ...
  • 111
3 votes
1 answer
140 views

Difference between primary and secundary predicates(/argument small clauses) and their (overt) 'heads', and transition/ambiguity between the two

What is the exact difference between primary and secundary predicates? From what I understood, primary predicates are verbal and have a predicate head (usually a copula - he was a mine worker). ...
5 votes
1 answer
72 views

Why is "addressing" discontinuity/nonprojectivity important?

I was reading about dependency grammars on Wikipedia, and then, following up on the term "(non-)projectivity", was lead to the page about discontinuity. Now, the concept is quite easy to ...
1 vote
1 answer
80 views

Meaning of superscript numbering in phrase structure trees

In some recent studies, I stumbled upon some seemingly conventional notation that I do not understand. In syntax structure trees, I often encounter superscript notations in various forms: $T^0$, $...
2 votes
0 answers
73 views

How to determine structure of answer for a wh- question

Consider a wh-question (in english language) such as "Who closed the door?". Personally, I can determine that an answer will look like "NP closed the door.", where NP would be a ...
2 votes
1 answer
96 views

Wh-movement Question

For wh-movements, I always think of what the sentence would have looked like if it wasn't a question (e.g. for sentence "which promise did he not keep?", I would think that the original ...
1 vote
0 answers
82 views

Help with syntax tree generation with movements [closed]

This is my attempt at the sentence "Which compound appears to have been created with the recently found chemical element yesterday?" , but I'm not sure if it's correct: Is the wh-movement ...
1 vote
0 answers
76 views

Is there a way to convert a syntax tree back to text?

I'm looking for a reference \ algorithm \ tool that can convert a syntax tree to text. The intention is to parse a sentence, apply some rules on the tree, and generate the output from the modified ...
1 vote
0 answers
31 views

What notable works are there that try to express the structures of linguistics by modelling them with Artificial Neural Networks (ANN)?

I know of a few works in Phonology and 1 recent work in Semantics but I will not list these here since what I would really be looking for in an answer would be a survey paper or a comprehensive list. ...
1 vote
1 answer
242 views

Best book for introduction to Syntax, with exercises

I am new to the field of linguistics and I was looking for some books in order to learn syntax. I put my eyes on two main textbooks: Basic English Syntax with Exercises, by Mark Newson (I was ...
  • 169
0 votes
1 answer
72 views

What is the more natural parsing, the one that leads to the preferred reading of the sentence

I have those rules: and those two possible parse trees: I am asked for the next question: What is the more natural parsing, the one that leads to the preferred reading of the sentence? Can anyone ...
  • 103
0 votes
0 answers
56 views

Sentence to AST structures?

How can we distinguish the meaning from POS,words,form..or any other information.. f.e. the cube is **in** the box the sign splits a rule **in** two parts in the first case the meaning is ...
  • 127
1 vote
0 answers
154 views

Tree Structures: Sentence breaks and TP vs. S as tree structure head

I am currently working on my Linguistics homework and I have to draw a tree diagram of the sentences: (1) Peter thinks Susan asked if she needs to resign. (2) Johnny said he wants to study French. The ...
  • 11
4 votes
1 answer
231 views

When does do-support apply in wh-questions?

For reference, I'm working off of Carnie's Syntax (2002). In the book's framework, T → C movement is triggered by a [+Q] feature in C. In the case we have an auxiliary verb, it can raise to T and then ...
  • 43
4 votes
2 answers
320 views

NP or DP for "that book"

When referring to phrases such as "that book", would it be considered a DP or a NP? I think it should be considered as a DP but I am not sure how to prove it using our given data. Some data ...
  • 41
3 votes
0 answers
803 views

How to write a syntax tree for 'should have been'? [closed]

the sentence is "Will they decide if you should have been promoted?". The T' and AuxP are already taken up by 'have' and 'been, where does should go?
  • 39
3 votes
1 answer
111 views

How order of the syntax tree is formally/strictly proven?

An example from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concrete_syntax_tree : tree of "John hit the ball." . The tree branches are joined in this order: {John {hit {the ball}}}. Ie, "the" ...
  • 123
1 vote
2 answers
683 views

How to extract Subject-Verb-Object from a sentence?

Given a corpus of sentences, is there a way to extract subject-verb-object triplets? What is the state-of-art in detecting SVO triplets?
2 votes
1 answer
179 views

How does one write out possessive pronouns under DP

Would for example "their" be divided into they and 's under the DP theory when writing out a tree?
  • 21
0 votes
0 answers
44 views

How do I know if ECM happens in a foreign language?

I have learned about ECM and how it works within the English language, but I don't understand it thoroughly. How would we be able to decide whether a language has ECM?
  • 21
0 votes
0 answers
43 views

After movement, do theta roles stay the same after wh-movement and verb raising?

The example sentence is "Which purse has Lena bought?" which stems from the statement "Lena has bought which purse". Do the theta roles that bought assigns stay the same after the ...
  • 21
1 vote
1 answer
104 views

Help with syntax analysis

Good day to everyone! Could somebody explain me why in the following sentence "that he was disappointed" is S (subject)? (It)-S (must be confessed)-V (that he was disappointed)-S.
  • 13
-3 votes
1 answer
162 views

How to draw the tree diagram for this sentence? [closed]

Here is the sentence "That toy, I think they gave to the dog". Should "gave to the dog" be considered as VP and "to the dog" as PP?
  • 595
4 votes
1 answer
313 views

Is "of the kitten" in "the paw of the kitten" a complement to the NP or an adjunct to the DP?

I'm drawing a tree for "the paw of the kitten" (from chapter 7 of Andrew Carnie's Syntax: A Generative Introduction). This chapter is "extending X-bar theory", so please keep that ...
  • 3,288
1 vote
2 answers
991 views

A question about C-command

Does "John" c-command "himself" in this sentence? "Mary talked to John about himself."
  • 595
1 vote
2 answers
221 views

What is the position of the subject in a Greek sentence, whose word order is VSO?

The following is a Greek sentence Σε ποιόν φίλο νομίζεις ότι μιλάει ο άντρας; To which friend think.2SG that speak.3SG the man Its counterpart in ...
  • 579
1 vote
0 answers
64 views

How to solve this syntax question [closed]

Hello guys could anyone help me in solving these questions in syntax the sentence ; John's discussion of the riots in the meeting suddenly put all physics students right into huge turmoil. ps; I ...

1
2 3 4 5