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Questions tagged [syntax-trees]

Graphical representations of hierarchical analyses of grammatical relations. Requests to make syntax trees are off-topic.

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30 views

trees with nice straight spines and not too vertical

I want to be able to typeset syntactic trees in a way that will achieve the following: straight spine when there is no label on the nonterminal node obtuse angle at each (binary) branch (so the tree ...
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0answers
14 views

Syntax tree for object control construction

I'm trying to figure out how to draw a syntax tree for this sentence: Sue reminded Mary to water the plants. I think this is object control, and should be analyzed this way: Sue [IP -ed [VP remind [...
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1answer
38 views

DP acting as AdvP?

Is it possible for a DP like "three times" to act as an AdvP ("He read the book three times.")? How would such a constituency tree look like? How does the DP modify the verb? Conversely, would the ...
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37 views

What is this method of drawing syntax trees?

I'm taking a course in generative grammar and I've reached a point where I don't know what's happening because I missed one class. Anyway, last time my tutor drew tree diagrams that I found a bit ...
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0answers
31 views

How are clauses containing adverbial clauses and free modifiers represented in syntax trees?

I know that relative clauses simply go in the noun phrase containing the noun they modify, but what about adverbial clauses and free modifiers? How do you represent a clause containing an adverbial ...
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0answers
31 views

Verbose tree diagram drawer for MP

Is there any tree diagram drawer software for English sentences which shows all features of nodes, all movements (and other things which happen like feature checking by c-command)?
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38 views

Do we assume Tense head for tenseless languages?

Do we assume a TP/IP projection for the syntax of a tenseless language?
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1answer
65 views

Drawing case specified trees for english gerunds

I'm reading Adger's Core Syntax book and am having a tough time with Exercise 1 of the functional categories chapter. The exercise is about gerunds. Gerunds are specified by the form of suffixing -...
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0answers
82 views

Drawing trees for DP's and Sentences

I'm reading Adger's book Core Syntax and am having trouble with one of the sentences in the last exercise in the Functional Categories chapter. The task is to draw and annotate the tree (bar level and ...
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2answers
54 views

What is the proper terminology for “I touch” in this sentence?

I am trying to diagram this sentence for a personal project: Everything I touch with tenderness pricks like a bramble. From what I understand, Everything is the subject, and pricks is the ...
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0answers
49 views

How does one deal with sentences starting with a connective?

While drawing syntax trees for spoken language and not ideal languages, how does one handle conjunctions and other particles appearing initially in sentences like: And that is that. (After a long ...
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0answers
50 views

Understanding the property of complementhood

In the following sentence: They can both speak French. How can French be the complement of the V-bar speak French? I have the following definition of the complement: A constituent X is the ...
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1answer
83 views

Syntax tree for this sentence [closed]

I am trying to find best way to get a syntax tree for this sentence: Planting seeds helps you grow your farm I thought of this: -------- S1 --------- | | --...
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How do we set comparative adverbs, from expressions like “more than x” on the syntax tree?

I'm trying to figure something out from Portuguese, but if you can answer me that based on English, it will help a lot. Thanks.
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2answers
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“there” and “everything” in linguistics is a “pronoun” or “noun”?

Regarding to drawing a syntax tree, "there" and "everything" in linguistics is a "pronoun" or "noun"? For example, 1. There is an apple. 2. It is not everything.
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27 views

How does Stanford SemgrexPattern tree matcher work?

I recently got a chance to look at Stanford's SemgrexPattern. https://nlp.stanford.edu/nlp/javadoc/javanlp/edu/stanford/nlp/semgraph/semgrex/SemgrexPattern.html I understand that it is used to match ...
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1answer
216 views

How do you draw a syntax tree for a sentence with a dummy subject?

I encounter difficulties when drawing a syntax tree for a sentence of expletive contruction. Should I mark the dummy subject "there" as a noun? Thx
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1answer
74 views

If there is a version of linguistics that doesn't break sentences into tree structures

All linguistics I've seen breaks sentences into tree structures like this: The gloss is sort of a more flattened, chain-like structure, but it is much less formal than the syntax tree: Wondering if ...
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0answers
36 views

Parsing a sentence with the noun as the Predicator

Can the sentence "That professor is a syntactician," in which the DP "a syntactician" is the predicator, be parsed like a normal sentence, using x-bar theory, the Predicate Shell and the DP Hypothesis?...
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0answers
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how to draw a tree digram in syntax [closed]

I am having trouble drawing a syntax tree for 2 sentences and I would appreciate it if someone could help me. The sentences are: a. Where will you put your car? b. Dave told Bill the rumor that John ...
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0answers
46 views

Drawing D structure trees [closed]

Can someone help me draw a D structure tree for: Is the cake certain to have been eaten by the students? Also if you could explain the reasoning behind why its drawn like that so i could get some ...
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0answers
75 views

Prepositional phrases ‘fronting’ a sentence

Hi Everybody (please help), I’m having trouble deciphering how to diagram a sentence with the adjunctive prepositional phrase at the front of the sentence. As from ‘The boy found the cat in the ...
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0answers
66 views

Linear order preserving syntactic trees

Two questions: Is the syntactic tree notation supposed to be Linear order preserving in general Linear order preserving for English Generally linear order preserving for English None of the above ...
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1answer
229 views

What software is used to make these X-bar trees?

I'm looking for software for illustrating tree diagrams am wondering whether anyone knows which was used to create the one in the post linked below. I have tried messaging the author, but had no ...
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0answers
29 views

Can SBAR be the first tag of a sentence?

I am new to parse trees, and if I understand correctly, SBAR indicates the beginning of a subordinate clause. From Penn Treebank II Tags: SBAR - Clause introduced by a (possibly empty) ...
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69 views

X-bar tree of the sentence “Why would she not have actually been giving him back the present yesterday?”

I'm having trouble with a particular x bar tree. We're mostly using Liliane Haegeman & Jacqueline Guéron's "English Grammar – A Generative Perspective" as our bible, with some adjustments, e.g. DP'...
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1answer
86 views

Syntax tree help? [closed]

I have one sentence that is an optional practice question for my syntax class that I just cannot figure out. It's ambiguous as far as where the PP falls but I hope someone can help anyways by giving ...
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0answers
64 views

How are head nodes of a tree determined?

Below is a tree-representation of an action sequencing hierarchy, taken from Fischmeister et al 2016 (Journal Cortex). Could anyone explain (the paper does not) by which rationale the different nodes ...
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2answers
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Semantic parsing vs Propositional Representation

Propositional representation is explained on Wikipedia. How is semantic parsing different from propositional representation? Or is propositional representation the next step after you do semantic ...
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1answer
335 views

How do I draw these syntax structure trees? [closed]

I couldn't figure out how to draw the syntax tree diagrams for these sentences. Any help would be great Who said that John is nice? A teacher in my school said the children disliked him. What do you ...
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2answers
200 views

Description of various placements of PPs in a syntax tree

How would you describe the difference in modifications a PP can make to a VP i.e. [I want to visit them][before this time] versus [I want to [visit them before this time]] I understand there is ...
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1answer
122 views

What is the difference between vPs and v*Ps?

Why do I sometimes come across a label like v* instead of v in the literature? As I understood, it is the same thing.
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1answer
61 views

Constituent borders

Let us imagine there to exist, for instance, a DP. We always observe the only head D on the left or the right of the phrase (depending upon the direction of branching). But every constituent naturally ...
3
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2answers
226 views

Is a complement of a verb treated any differently than an adjunct of a verb in a tree diagram?

When you draw a tree diagram in phrase structure grammars, should you draw a complement of a verb any differently than an adjunct of a verb by using different tree structures? (1) I slept on the ...
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2answers
341 views

How do contractions work in syntactic movement?

Specifically when the surface structure uncontracted would be ungrammatical. Eg: "Don't turtles live forever?" (Do turtles not live forever/*Do not turtles live forever). EDIT - Sorry if it's broad ...
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1answer
517 views

Auxiliaries in generative grammar

In a course of introduction to Generative Grammar, my teacher told that auxiliary (Aux in the tree diagram) is the element that comes before the subject (NP) in an interrogative sentence. But I ...
2
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1answer
249 views

How do you coreference a possesive pronouns with an x-bar tree?

Following Chomsky's linguistic theory (The Minimalist Program), r-expressions must be free, where free means that nothing should c-command it such that the indices have a non null intersection (if I ...
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2answers
437 views

What is the x-bar tree of 'I am proud of my students'? (having trouble with proud)

I am having trouble attaching the 'proud' to the 'am'. 'Am' is a verb and 'proud' is an adjective for the noun 'I', so should come as an adjunct for 'I', but here it would have to somehow come from ...
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0answers
331 views

X-bar: Put 'Where' in a Determiner Phrase or in an Adverb Phrase?

I'm currently working on an introductory guide to X-bar Theory for a group of students, and was wondering whether to classify a specific part as a Determiner Phrase or an Adverb Phrase. I have ...
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1answer
494 views

How do noun-noun compounds fit into a noun phrase in syntax?

I have a question regarding attributive nouns, or noun-noun compounds, and how they are integrated into syntactic rules for NP formation. Typically, the rule given in textbooks for forming a NP is the ...
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1answer
274 views

How to analyze an NP with two determiners?

I have a phrase and I have to draw a tree structure of it. "These many awful photographs" is the phrase. The only thing that I don't get is the "many". "These" is DP, "awful" is the adjective, and "...
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2answers
82 views

semantics of bizarre usages in view of a second-language-speaker

Generative tradition, as far as I (an amateur) understand, revolves around the 'poverty of the stimulus' argument. So I can understand why I clearly get the meaning 'she shelved her books' or at ...
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0answers
79 views

How is it possible for a single sentence to have both a raising to subject verb and an object control verb?

Basically what it says in the title. How would a sentence with both be parsed?
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1answer
263 views

How to diagram a sentence containing a sentence adverb? [closed]

There is a traditional representation of a sentence's parts and it's relation called Kellogs-Reeds diagramming method,which is not used in linguistics. There are also linguistic representations like ...
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1answer
149 views

Representing knowledge extracted from output of dependency parsing

I am working on a problem to represent knowledge extracted from a paragraph and rank it to produce abstractive summaries. I have implemented dependency parsing using Stanford NLP, which gives dot ...
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4answers
28k views

Syntax Trees examples

I just try syntax trees and realize that I have a few problems. I have a problem especially with two examples because I am very unsure how to handle the cases. In case 1, I do not know how to deal ...
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1answer
930 views

Phrasal verb? Adjunct vs complement?

I'd really appreciate some help with my understanding. My main confusion sprouts from the following sentence: Obviously, this calls for a thorough examination of the facts. My first problem is ...
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0answers
97 views

Semantics Proofing - Syntax tree

I'm currently doing some work for compositional semantics. But in order to do the proof, I think it would be easier if I created a syntax tree. I'm just completely hopeless with syntax though and ...
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1answer
637 views

How are to-infinitive clauses treated in x-bar syntax trees?

For example: The man refused to send any letters to that place. This is what I have so far from the Syntax Tree Generator. What should replace the X there?
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2answers
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a question about grammar and syntax [closed]

can anyone provide me a short critique for the following analyses of the sentence. About their advantages and disadvantages and provide evidence if possible!!thank you. I have no idea about this.