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Questions tagged [syntax]

The study of the internal structure of expressions, especially between words and phrases, and the principles and processes that determine it. This includes words order, but also the grammatical relations that hold between words, as well as structural ambiguity, binding, reference, and similar issues. Common approaches are numerous phrase structure grammars (GPSG, HPSG, LFG, G&B, X-bar, Minimalism, ...) and, on the other hand, dependency grammars.

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1answer
91 views

How definitive are "patterns" in grammar across languages?

So when you learn a new language from English like Spanish in school, they make it seem like "hey there's these clear patterns and rules once learned you'll master spanish". So you learn the verb ...
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365 views

Which noun phrases within relative clauses can be [further relativized]?

The term [further relativized] appears in an academic monograph. See: https://linguistics.stackexchange.com/a/19839/13923 This doesn't seem to be a generally-used term, but I'll use it here. This ...
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2answers
215 views

How to solve 48÷2(9+3) from a linguistics perspective? [closed]

Suppose an alien life comes to Earth, and challenges us to answer a question that will allow them do determine if we can communicate without ambiguities and solve controversies in a rational way. The ...
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1answer
108 views

How to draw the tree diagram for this sentence? [closed]

Here is the sentence "That toy, I think they gave to the dog". Should "gave to the dog" be considered as VP and "to the dog" as PP?
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139 views

Swedish conjugation, spoken vs written [closed]

In the Swedish language, I am presently trying to discern the proper translation of "No, they're not" as it is spoken and written in English. I determine: Nej, det är de inte and Nej, det är ...
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99 views

Several Questions Please Help with Answers [closed]

a. Some English words have more letters in their spelling than they have sounds in their pronunciation, but none have more sounds than they have letters. b. If an English word has 3 vowels sounds, ...
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1answer
184 views

Why are Adjuncts called 'Adverbial Clauses'? [closed]

Hereafter abbreviate Adverbial Clauses to AC. Section 6.3.3 (p 66, An Introduction to English Syntax By Jim Miller) states that AC may not always be adverbs. So was AC misnamed; if yes, why? Or is ...
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174 views

Is there evidence of a disposition for certain races to learn certain languages? [closed]

For example would those of Chinese descent have a disposition to learn Chinese? Chinese is a quite different language being logographic then say English which is alphabetic. Another example would be ...
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671 views

Chains of nouns in English

English is becoming so indifferent to the proper roles of parts of speech that I have been finding longer and longer chains of nouns in written materials. I am under the impression that chaining ...
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2answers
486 views

a question about grammar and syntax [closed]

can anyone provide me a short critique for the following analyses of the sentence. About their advantages and disadvantages and provide evidence if possible!!thank you. I have no idea about this.
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1answer
646 views

How do I draw these syntax structure trees? [closed]

I couldn't figure out how to draw the syntax tree diagrams for these sentences. Any help would be great Who said that John is nice? A teacher in my school said the children disliked him. What do you ...
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3answers
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What is the 'best' language, and by what metrics, why those metrics...? [closed]

This is sort of the old question that you'd see whispered about a lot in Western academia, and shouted out by linguists of the past, who had their own circumstances, own canons, own less-connected (?) ...
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Why are the sentences below ungrammatical? Explain giving any four syntactic reasons [closed]

Boys loves to cry. She didn't went to the market. They are going for the party, isn't it?

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