Questions tagged [tense-aspect-mood]

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what is the difference between reference time and event time

what is the difference between reference time and event time , also i am native Arabic speaker , i tried to translate by google translate two examples the reference time before and after event time ...
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What grammatical position hold slogans and mottos? Is this the same across languages?

"Make America Great Again." "Proletariat of the world, unite." "Move the way you want." "Rewards reimagined." "Death to fascism, freedom to the people.&...
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Is have+ negation equal to imperfective?

I know aspect can be categorized into perfective and imperfective, but I'm just curious whether the example "John hasn't gone to Paris" is still perfective or converted into imperfectve?
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1answer
78 views

some basic questions about morphological aspect

According to the definition, morphological aspect presents the reported event or state of affairs as if viewed either from inside the event (‘in progress’) or outside the event (‘as a whole’). For ...
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32 views

How would you label an aspectual suffix that indicates that an action has stopped or become static?

This suffix seems to behave as the opposite of an inceptive suffix (which indicates that an action has begun). 3SUBJ-go-INCEPTIVE `he started to go' 3SUBJ-go-??? `he stopped'
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Are there languages that mark mood but not tense or aspect?

Are there languages where verbs inflect for mood but don't inflect for tense and aspect? For instance, if a language had one set of indicative forms and another set of subjunctive forms, but didn't ...
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2answers
239 views

What is the name for the tense/mood/aspect of “You will have seen the news that…”?

There are two superficially similar constructions in English, which have quite different implied meanings: You will have seen the news that the company is furloughing 15% of its employees, but I ...
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5answers
8k views

Is future tense in English really a myth?

Does English really have two tenses - present and past? Some linguists argue that it is a Latinate fallacy to think that English has three tenses. Some English professors and even some native ...
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2answers
69 views

How to break down sentences into known grammatical categories

I'm trying to break down and analyse different sentence structures in English. Each group contains one present, past, and future sentence, but otherwise should be the same within a group. 1 He ...
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1answer
199 views

Do other languages have an “irreversible aspect”?

Like many languages, Lingála combines tense, aspect, and mood into a single TAM marking. Three of these TAMs pertain to the past: a-kɛnd-ákí "he left earlier today" (hodiernal/recent past) a-kɛnd-áká ...
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2answers
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Are there any languages which inflect the noun for morphosyntactic categories normally reserved for verbs (e.g. tense, aspect, etc.)?

In English (for example), we say "I go/went/was going/etc.", inflecting the verb for tense and aspect while leaving the subject of the sentence unchanged. But are there any languages that would ...