Questions tagged [transformations]

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13 votes
4 answers
805 views

Ontological status of syntactic transformations

Syntactic theories in the generative tradition involve transformations, i.e. movement of constituents, between deep structure and surface structure. What is actually meant by this? Is it intended as a ...
1 vote
0 answers
130 views

How do you draw a x-bar tree with negative inversion? [closed]

For example: 'Never was I so offended' There is already a T to C inversion with 'was', where do we put the word 'Never'? And how should we label it? AdvP or Neg?
0 votes
1 answer
102 views

grammar of the 'in the following'

Consider we have the sentence My bird likes sunflower seeds. She eats a lot of seeds everyday. Using pronoun resolution we can replace she with the actual subject 'My birds'; converting 'She eats a ...
6 votes
1 answer
308 views

Is 'raising' an outdated concept in modern linguistics?

Here's a paragraph from this EFL Magazine article "SUBJECT RAISING: DO YOU HAPPEN TO KNOW?" (2015): Not long ago, most linguists believed there really was a set of processes in our brains ...
0 votes
1 answer
207 views

direct object and indirect object [closed]

Which is the direct object and which is the indirect object in the following sentence? The school has given David's proposal serious consideration. I think that "David's proposal" is the indirect ...
1 vote
0 answers
74 views

Why does common vernacular end up being the de facto way of speaking over-time?

Throughout history, it seems that the common vernacular has always overpowered the languages that had been taught to the more educated. Notable examples would be: Greek in Rome, being the language of ...
2 votes
1 answer
49 views

Is there a name or formalism for transforming imperative commands to personalized phrases?

Sorry for the bad title description, but I find it difficult to summarize so here's a few examples: "Tell my wife that I love her" -> [To wife] "I love you" "Remind me tomorrow that I have a doctor's ...
1 vote
1 answer
124 views

Approaching the topic of transformational grammar

What methods & resources are available to support one's process of time-efficiently acquiring a deep understanding of transformational grammar? My technical background is that of a computational ...
0 votes
2 answers
81 views

DS for a question starting with "Didn't"?

I am trying to draw a derivation for "Didn't the cat eat the mouse?" But I'm confused as to what the deep structure would be. "The cat did not eat the mouse" seems incorrect, since it is stating ...
0 votes
1 answer
201 views

The reasons for displacement letters of the words in the transition between languages and dialects

I saw the displacement letters of the words in the transition between languages and dialects.For example in my language (Persian) dialects: Lajegir converted to Lagejir.I don't remember any example ...
0 votes
2 answers
336 views

Is a sentence's deep structure representative of i-language?

That is to say, is the deep structure supposed to be what's happening in our head when we speak a language? Or is this just to make our model of a grammar consistent?
0 votes
0 answers
86 views

“Such” as a pronoun and “Reduction Transformations”

I just ran into this in the novel "Pride and Prejudice" -"Ah! you do not know what I suffer." -"But I hope you will get over it, and live to see many young men of four thousand a year come into ...
1 vote
1 answer
219 views

Why doesn't the subject prevent WH- extraction of an internal argument?

I think this is a very basic question. Whom will you invite? Why doesn't the subject you block the movement of whom? I'll try an answer: the movement of whom is not an A-movement because it isn'...
0 votes
0 answers
198 views

Hypotheses for floating quantifier's positions in generative grammar

Regarding the floating quantifiers' theory on external argument's movement. These data raises two different problems: a) The dogs ALL should have been petted. b) *The dogs should have been ALL ...