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Questions tagged [uralic]

For questions about the Uralic language family and its member languages.

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How does the Hungarian accusative case suffix -t come from Proto-Uralic partitive case suffix?

How does the Hungarian accusative case suffix -t come from Proto-Uralic partitive case suffix? One wouldn't be understood if he consistently used the partitive case instead of the accusative case, ...
FlatAssembler's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
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What are distinctive typological features of Uralic?

Many grammatical features of Uralic are shared with Turkic, Tungusic and/or Mongolic, while some of those that are not are nevertheless shared by indigenous Siberian language families. What are ...
Someone211's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
111 views

How it is that Proto-Finno-Ugric had the word meaning 100 (a borrowing from Indo-Iranian), but not the word for 10?

How it is that Proto-Finno-Ugric had the word meaning 100 (a borrowing from Indo-Iranian), but not the word for 10 (as Hungarian borrowed it from Indo-Iranian as well, but Finnish has a native word ...
FlatAssembler's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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Earlier stages of definite/indefinite conjugations in Hungarian

Hungarian verbs have definite and indefinite conjugations. However, the indefinite conjugation is used when the direct object is a first or second person pronoun. This is an interesting wrinkle ...
Greg Nisbet's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is the multiplicative case 'validly' present in any languages?

Wikipedia lists something called the 'multiplicative case' in its template of grammatical cases. However, on the (stub) article of said case, it lists only two Uralic languages in which it is found - ...
Geza Kerecsenyi's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
157 views

What is the reconstructed root for fire in Proto-Uralic or Proto-Finno-Ugric?

Starostin alleges that IE root h₁n̥gʷnís has cognates in Finno-Urgic. But I distrust this database and also I would like to know what was the proto-form of the root, particularly, the origin of Mari ...
Anixx's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
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What is the origin of certain Hungarian suffixes?

I have a question about the etymology (within the Uralic family) of three Hungarian morphemes Accusative -t- suffix: Hungarian has an accusative in -t- (eg. fiú, fiút), which has no cognates in any ...
user8606's user avatar
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2 answers
200 views

Proto-Uralic *kämä vs Akkadian kamūnu

The English Wikipedia article for "cumin" mentions All of these ultimately derive from Akkadian 𒂵𒈬𒉡 (kamūnu). In Hungarian, caraway seeds are called köménymag, keménymag where the word &...
chx's user avatar
  • 253
0 votes
0 answers
93 views

Is there credible evidence for Proto-Indo-Uralic? [duplicate]

Proto-Indo-Uralic is possibly an ancient language that was spoken around ten thousand years ago. I have heard that this has evidence but it hasn’t been proven. So, is there any real evidence (...
Number File's user avatar
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1 answer
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Are there any existing attested records or any manuscripts from Eastern Hungarian languages?

As a native Hungarian speaker, I've always been fascinated by the history of my native tongue. As we all know, Friar Julianus found Hungarian speaking people in the Ural mountains in the 13th century. ...
Infinite's user avatar
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3 votes
5 answers
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Could Proto-Indo-Uralic be reconstructed?

I am interested in linguistics and how words spread from place to place. I have seen that there are two language families, and that there are signs that they might be related. Proto-Indo-Uralic is the ...
Number File's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
494 views

From which language was the Finnish word for "language" derived?

I have noticed that several "Altaic" languages have similar words for "language," but I do not know whether this is a coincidence, or due to historical language contact. The word "kieli" in Finnish ...
Anderson Green's user avatar
16 votes
4 answers
21k views

Are Hungarian and Turkish related?

I was told by somebody who has lived near Hungary that she thought that Hungarian and Turkish were related, and that their languages are very similar. A brief google search seems to support this. ...
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8 votes
2 answers
615 views

How do proponents of Indo-Uralic explain the major differences between the consonant systems of pIE and pUralic?

I've been interested in Historical Linguistics (as a hobby) for quite a while and one of the recent topics that caught my attention was the hypothesis of Kortlandt, Bomhard, and others that Indo-...
Newbie's user avatar
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-5 votes
1 answer
975 views

How did Asian and European people end up speaking Uralic languages?

There are European people (Finns, Hungarians, Estonians) who speak Uralic languages. And there are Asian people (Nenets) who speak them too. How did this happen? Was there an empire that encompassed ...
MWB's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
266 views

Might Mongolian "хэл" and Proto-Finnic "*keeli" be related?

I was just listening to some Mongolian and it struck me that the word for "language", хэл, is quite similar to the Estonian word for "language", keel. I know it's not accepted that these languages ...
hippietrail's user avatar
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14 votes
5 answers
661 views

Has any language ever borrowed an interrogative or relative pronoun?

One of the lexical similarities between reconstructed Proto-Indo-European and Proto-Uralic is in the interrogative and relative pronouns. For the former, in PIE there's a family of interrogatives ...
TKR's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
2k views

Did Uralic borrow basic vocabulary from PIE, and if so why?

This section of the Wikipedia article on laryngeal theory lists proposed IE-to-Uralic loanwords containing laryngeals. Several of these have quite basic meanings: "woman", "person", "do", "give", "go"....
TKR's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Consonantal innovations in Hungarian

The Hungarian language seems to have many phonetic features uncommon in other Uralic languages- for example, phonemic voicing in its stops and sibilants and the presence of a labiodental fricative /f/....
Kaninchen's user avatar
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