Questions tagged [valency]

Valency is the set of (optional or required) arguments of a predicate, originally applied to verbs, but since extended to nouns and adjectives. Valency is the core notion of Dependency Grammar, and has similarities with the Theta Criterion in Phrase-Structure Grammars such as X-bar-Theory.

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Can causative and anticausative co-occur in Turkish verbal morphology?

Turkish makes use of two valency markers: (i) the causative marker with 'tur' which increases valency in (1) below, and (ii) the anticausative marker 'il' which decreases valency as in (2) below. (1)...
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Cross-linguistic study of distribution of number of verbal arguments

I think I remember reading once that cross linguistically, at least in "normal" spoken or written language, verbs almost never take more than ~4-5 obligatory arguments. This seems to be true in my ...
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111 views

Is it a causative morpheme or a modal morpheme?

Let us take the verb 'get', we can say both: 1- Someone gets to take something 2- Someone gets someone to take something In the 1st sentence, 'get' is a modal morpheme, but in the other sentence '...
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Is There A Limit To Valency/Transitivity?

The max valency I ever read about is trivalency. However, hypothetically, can't valency extend to an arbitrily length? To extrapolate on this point, for trivalency, Wikipedia gives examples of: I bet ...
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What's the agent and patient in a causative clause

Normally, agent and patient always stay the same: The bread (patient) is eaten. Carol (agent) ate the bread (patient). But what if you had a causative clause, something like: Peter made Carol eat ...
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1answer
390 views

Austronesian Alignment [closed]

Can someone give a brief explanation for it? I heard about it once and I couldn't wrap my head around it, and the Wikipedia article wasn't much help either.
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139 views

Help with BA dissertation topic related to ergativity and/or valency [closed]

I'm looking to write my undergraduate dissertation (10,000 words) within the topics of ergativity and/or valency but currently stuck for ideas. My first idea was to take a sample from around 20 - 30 ...
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442 views

Are there languages without valency changing rules?

Most languages have valency changing rules. In English and many other languages, we have passive constructions, which change transitive verbs into intransitive ones: "The man ate the hot dog," ...
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What's the difference between accusative, unaccusative, ergative, and unergative?

What does it mean for a language or verb to be one or the other of these typologies (examples would help)? Can it be more than one at once?