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Questions tagged [valency]

Valency is the set of (optional or required) arguments of a predicate, originally applied to verbs, but since extended to nouns and adjectives. Valency is the core notion of Dependency Grammar, and has similarities with the Theta Criterion in Phrase-Structure Grammars such as X-bar-Theory.

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Cross-linguistic study of distribution of number of verbal arguments

I think I remember reading once that cross linguistically, at least in "normal" spoken or written language, verbs almost never take more than ~4-5 obligatory arguments. This seems to be true in my ...
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Is it a causative morpheme or a modal morpheme?

Let us take the verb 'get', we can say both: 1- Someone gets to take something 2- Someone gets someone to take something In the 1st sentence, 'get' is a modal morpheme, but in the other sentence '...
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Causative/factitive vs denominalizing morpheme

Generally, a morpheme combined with a verb and that increases the valency as 'make', it is considered causative/factitive morpheme. But If it is combined with a noun/adjective, either the same ...
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Is There A Limit To Valency/Transitivity?

The max valency I ever read about is trivalency. However, hypothetically, can't valency extend to an arbitrily length? To extrapolate on this point, for trivalency, Wikipedia gives examples of: I bet ...
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What's the agent and patient in a causative clause

Normally, agent and patient always stay the same: The bread (patient) is eaten. Carol (agent) ate the bread (patient). But what if you had a causative clause, something like: Peter made Carol eat ...
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Austronesian Alignment [closed]

Can someone give a brief explanation for it? I heard about it once and I couldn't wrap my head around it, and the Wikipedia article wasn't much help either.
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Help with BA dissertation topic related to ergativity and/or valency [closed]

I'm looking to write my undergraduate dissertation (10,000 words) within the topics of ergativity and/or valency but currently stuck for ideas. My first idea was to take a sample from around 20 - 30 ...
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Are there languages without valency changing rules?

Most languages have valency changing rules. In English and many other languages, we have passive constructions, which change transitive verbs into intransitive ones: "The man ate the hot dog," ...
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What's the difference between accusative, unaccusative, ergative, and unergative?

What does it mean for a language or verb to be one or the other of these typologies (examples would help)? Can it be more than one at once?