Questions tagged [varieties]

The pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar characteristic of only a part of the speakers of a language. Dialects, for example, are geographical varieties, and sociolects are social varieties.

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Exception to word order in quotative situations

I'm very uneducated in syntax, so I apologize if this question is something really basic that everyone already knows. English is a subject-verb-object language, and it is known to follow that pattern ...
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How dialectal/linguistic variation in Plains Indian Sign Language

Plains Indian Sign Language (PISL) was used as a lingua Franca in the Americas between tribes which didn’t have shared spoken languages. But according to Wikipedia, PISL was spoken across most of a ...
Breaking Bioinformatics's user avatar
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Origin of the English word 'tooth' being pronounced /tʊθ/?

According to Wiktionary, the English word 'tooth' can be pronounced as /tʊθ/ (as opposed to its regular pronunciation in RP of /tuːθ/) in certain areas of Wales and the British Midlands. Is there any ...
Geza Kerecsenyi's user avatar
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What is an example of a speech repertoire?

From what I read, a speech repertoire is defined as a set of varieties controlled and used by an individual, including varieties associated with their region and social class but also with the ...
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Is there any notion of a single "standard" dialect in various languages?

I am thinking of "standard languages" in the sense of normalized pronunciation of words within a language (English, Chinese, Hebrew, Arabic). I know for one in English there are at least 2 &...
Lance's user avatar
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To which degree are Western and Eastern Armenian mutually intelligible?

From what I see at this wiki page, these two versions of Armenian show differences in phonology and sometimes in grammar which are greater than, say, a difference between Russian and Polish (and quite ...
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"Did" as a habitual / emphatic marker in Southern varieties of British English

I'm currently doing research on the salience of did as an emphatic marker in Southern varieties of British English as illustrated in (1). I'm comparing this with the salience of did as a habitual ...
Rimi's user avatar
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Other than Scottish rolled "r" and North American rhotacised vowels, are there any differences across "r" sounds in English dialects?

I'm wondering about subtle differences in /r/ sounds across varieties of English. By subtle I mean I want to ignore the obvious large differences such as the trilled "r" in Scottish English and the ...
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Consensus among linguists about Ryukyuan varieties of Japonic

I had the impression that linguists these days generally consider there to be a Japonic language family consisting of Standard Japanese, the Ryukyuan languages including Okinawan, and Hachijo, spoken ...
hippietrail's user avatar
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Differences between Hong Kong Mandarin and southern Mandarin generally?

With Mandarin making more and more in-roads into Cantonese speaking Hong Kong, I'm wondering what characteristics set it apart from Standard Mandarin or other regional Mandarin dialects and/or accents ...
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Asian English Varieties

Why might one regard “Japanese English” “Korean English” and “China English” as varieties rather than interlanguages? What are the educational implications?
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How is rhoticity distributed among varieties of English? Why is it like this?

The Wikipedia entry on rhotic and non-rhotic accents gives a pretty good overview of which countries and states are rhotic or non-rhotic. What I want to know is what the pattern (or link) between the ...
Anton Marra's user avatar
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How is Nigerian Standard English categorized?

From what I can tell, the only nontrivial difference between Nigerian Standard English and the catalog of commonly referenced dialects of English is that Nigerian Standard English has a different ...
Andy's user avatar
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2 answers
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Is it possible for a non-native version of a language to be classed as a dialect?

I know pretty much what constitutes a dialect for native speakers of a language, but I wonder if countries that don't speak it as a primary language, but have a large segment of the population that is ...
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What's the difference between a form of a language and a dialect of a language?

I was wondering what's the difference between a form of a language and a dialect of a language? For example, Wikipedia states that British English is a form of English and not a dialect of English. ...
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Focus-marking in different varieties of Spanish

Spanish is often described as putting focused constituents at the end of the sentence, leading for instance to VOS word order in sentences with a focused subject. (For instance, Maria Zubizarreta's ...
Leah Velleman's user avatar
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In which varieties of English is it common to front predicates as in "Bought a nice house, he did."?

In which varieties of English is it common to front predicates as in the following sentence? Bought a nice house, he did. In which pragmatic contexts is this done in these varieties?
James Grossmann's user avatar
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Proving an existing, undocumented language is "new" [closed]

What is the process of proving a new language is in fact a language -- and that it is a "new" unclaimed language within linguistics?
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