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Questions tagged [verb-phrase]

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1 vote
0 answers
44 views

can an object be outside the VP in the X-Bar theory?

everyone. I'm reading an article, and something makes me confused. In the article there is a sample sentence: (5) Mary hates sharks. Diesing claims that the object in (5) occupies a VP-external ...
3 votes
1 answer
160 views

Why treat 'verbal group', not 'verb phrase', as a constituent of a clause in Systemic Functional Grammar?

SFC (Halliday, etc.) doesn't treat as a constituent of a clause a verb phrase (VP), which combines with an noun phrase (NP) to form a clause in a canonical English construction. Instead, SFC uses the ...
4 votes
0 answers
190 views

V-Bar Syntax in Latin

I am reading Devine and Stephens Latin Word Order, but without the requisite grounding in formal linguistics. They use the term V-bar syntax, and I am not sure what they mean by this and would like ...
1 vote
1 answer
149 views

Simple cases of gapping (verb ellipsis in coordinate structures)

What are some simple cases of V or Verb Phrase gaps? For instance: I love the location and the apartment. Is this considered a gap (missing 'love' in the second conjunct)? If not, why not? What about ...
2 votes
0 answers
96 views

Problem Parsing a Sentence

I am having trouble parsing a sentence that I read in Douglas Biber, Susan Conrad, Geoffrey Leech's Longman Student Grammar of Spoken and Written English (2002). The sentence is: He was surprised to ...
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Description of various placements of PPs in a syntax tree

How would you describe the difference in modifications a PP can make to a VP i.e. [I want to visit them][before this time] versus [I want to [visit them before this time]] I understand there is ...
3 votes
0 answers
113 views

Copulas and the Split VP Hypothesis

Copulas are regarded as semantically vacuous auxiliaries merged in V, then raised to T. Lexical verbs are merged in V and are raised to v. I have not found any literature discussing the copula with ...
2 votes
2 answers
610 views

Is a complement of a verb treated any differently than an adjunct of a verb in a tree diagram?

When you draw a tree diagram in phrase structure grammars, should you draw a complement of a verb any differently than an adjunct of a verb by using different tree structures? (1) I slept on the ...
0 votes
3 answers
109 views

Parsing and a possible compound verb

To describe the ordinariness of a certain 25-year-old man, someone said: He's the kind of guy that you could walk into a bar in any part of the country and see. "A guy that you can see" makes ...
1 vote
1 answer
74 views

What is the name for the phenomenon of verb phrase being an argument of a predicate

In the sentence He makes you want to leave early today to get more space for himself instead of having NP as argument to the predicate "makes", we get an entire verb phrase "want to leave early ...
0 votes
1 answer
119 views

Is there any verb net project in Japanese?

I'm looking for a verb network or verb dictionary project in Japanese which shows verbs with its own dependencies (like [iku DP DP] [kaeru DP] etc.). Is there any?
4 votes
3 answers
528 views

Does finite VP exist as a constituent?

A central distinction between dependency grammars (DGs) and phrase structure grammars (PSGs, also known as constituency grammars) is the understanding of the initial division of the clause. ...
3 votes
1 answer
393 views

What do you call the phrase/clause after a quotation in a novel?

Often in novels or reported speech, we have the quotation marked by opening and closing quotation mark. And before or after the quotation we have a phrase that states, <somebody> said or said &...
4 votes
2 answers
875 views

What is the difference between mediopassive VP's and anti-causative VP's?

[I've overhauled this question.] I guess I'm asking about the semantic differences, if any, between mediopassives and anticausatives. Here's a definition of anticausative verb from ...