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3answers
68 views

What is the origin if the “i” in “Sanskrit”?

What is the origin if the "i" in the language name "Sanskrit" (instead of "Sanskṛt"). Is this an epenthetic vowel inserted by English-speaking authors or by Hindi-...
-3
votes
2answers
110 views

What spoken human languages in 2021 don't greet with words related to health or peace?

What are the exceptions to the fact that most Asian, Middle Eastern and European languages greet with words anent health or peace? I know that "salutation" itself meant "health". ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Wh-movement Question

For wh-movements, I always think of what the sentence would have looked like if it wasn't a question (e.g. for sentence "which promise did he not keep?", I would think that the original ...
0
votes
0answers
4 views

What are the different approaches to handling grammatical number in type theory?

What are the different approaches to handling grammatical number in type theory? This question asks about the type of and in five boys and girls. That noun phrase is interesting because boys and ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

What is the type and lambda denotation of the disjunction 'or' in the phrase 'five girls or boys run' using the generalised quantifier theory?

'Five girls and boys' I wonder what the denotation and type is of the disjunction 'or' in this phrase. I have 'five' as type <e,t><e,t>t> and the denotation as λPλQ[|P ∩ Q|= 10], but I ...
8
votes
3answers
447 views

Did Proto-Indo-European put the adjective before or behind the noun?

Did PIE put the adjective behind the noun (like Romance languages usually do) or before the noun (like Germanic languages)?
-2
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0answers
48 views

Where can I found Tilskueren, January 1897? [closed]

Where can I found Tilskueren, January 1897 Volume 14? If somebody have an access to Harvard library, Michigan library Could you please tell me, which examples exemplified in pages 3-18 Gothic or ...
-4
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0answers
27 views

Describe the entymology and linguistics of the dutch het and the dutch de [closed]

What has your research shown regarding the first recorded used of het and de in the dutch langauge?
-2
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0answers
47 views

Why glides are also called semivowels?

I thought glides and semivowels are different but my teacher says glides are also called semivowels. I'm confused.
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Why are bilabial lateral sounds deemed impossible?

On the IPA consonant chart they are greyed out as impossible to occur. But I can easily clamp my tongue between my lips, or I can close only the center of my lips, either way leaving a narrow hole on ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Is there any method to summarize and gain the big picture from an article?

Background Recently I just develop a method to summarize and find the big picture of an article, especially the ones that are so abstract and introduce too many new terms. The method is as follow: ...
1
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0answers
23 views

Help with syntax tree generation with movements [closed]

This is my attempt at the sentence "Which compound appears to have been created with the recently found chemical element yesterday?" , but I'm not sure if it's correct: Is the wh-movement ...
7
votes
4answers
765 views

Has a Dravido-Australic superfamily been proposed?

There seem to be striking typological similarities between Dravidian and Australian languages (see, e.g., the answers to this question Are there languages with the three-fold articulation place ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Searching for the rules of tone sandhi in Lao

Most tonal languages have tone sandhi, which consists of rules whereby the standard/default/dictionary tones of words/syllables change due to which tones occur in adjacent words/syllables. But I am ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

What is the history behind the use of the infinitive form with an imperative function in Germany, Dutch, and other languages

In German, Dutch, and other languages, the imperative is distinct from the infinitive: Dutch would be doe mee! (singular), doet mee! (plural or formal, dated). German would be mach mit (singular) or ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Visemes analogue for phoneme pangram?

There are several famous short texts which covers most of the English phonemes. For example "With tenure, Suzie'd have all the more leisure for yachting, but her publications are no good." ...
-3
votes
1answer
28 views

When do I use het or de in Dutch? [closed]

When do you use het and when do you use de in Dutch? I was wondering if one was for plural and the other for single?
1
vote
2answers
108 views

Is there any word in other languages that begins with the urdu alphabet ṛē (ڑ‎)?

So in Urdu language there is no word starting with Ṛe "ڑ" IPA /ɽ/ but I think there may be some words in another language that begins with Ṛe "ڑ" or have similar sound.
2
votes
0answers
27 views

How comprehensive is SLIPA?

I know that SLIPA is a first go around at making an IPA table for signed languages, but how comprehensive is it? The creator freely admits that his main exposure to sign languages is ASL, which ...
0
votes
2answers
99 views

Languages with overt determiners AND pronouns/proper nouns

I am currently performing a cross-linguistic investigation of determiner phrases, and I was wondering if there are languages out there where an overt determiner can occur with a pronoun or proper noun,...
6
votes
2answers
94 views

Why did the softness of the L in the OCS word “велми” reflect so unpredictably into today's languages?

The OCS word "велми", meaning "very" and surviving in several Slavic languages today, is quite a conundrum to me in terms of how it has reflected into the living languages of today....
0
votes
2answers
62 views

Besides French, which other languages distinguish between possibility and probability with the subjunctive mood?

Mosegaard Hansen, Maj-Britt. The structure of modern standard French : a student grammar. p 86.
19
votes
5answers
841 views

Language acquisition without interactive contact with fluent speakers

Children raised in a multilingual environment learn all the languages that they are exposed to with no effort. Does the same thing happen if a child has only indirect contact with a language? For ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

What is the language on this stamp? [closed]

My wife mailed a card to Canada last November. It disappeared for five months, then showed up in our mailbox with a Return to Sender stamp on it. The stamp is in English, and another script that we ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

What is the type of ablaut?

PS *kysnǫti / *kvasъ PIE ū / wā (wō) PS *xytiti / *xvatati PIE ū / wā (wō) PS *xyrěti / *хvоrati ū / wo ? PS *ty / *tvоjь ū / wo Is it somehow related to kʷetwóres rule? modern Russian spelling ...
1
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0answers
45 views

Would it be correct to replace ۃ with ہ in Urdu?

What would be the right way to normalize the Arabic Tāʼ marbūṭah character in Urdu loan words from Arabic/Farsi? Would it be correct to replace ۃ with ہ (gōl hē)? Or can we replace ۃ with ط (t̤oʼē) ? ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Can a speech act may be the IFID(illocutionary force indicating device) of another speech act?

my fellow linguistics enthusiasts. I have a question on Illocutionary Force Indicating Devices. According to Searle and Vanderveken (1985) linguistics notions like word order, stress, intonation ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views
+50

a-stem genitive singular in NW Germanic languages

This is a classic problem and I'm not sure I expect a good answer to it, but it's worth it anyway. The question is partly about what appears to be some specious reasoning around Verner's Law forms and ...
-1
votes
0answers
29 views

Sanskrit translation for “Always Forward” [closed]

So I am looking for a Sanskrit translation for the motivational quote "Always forward"; to be etched on a souvenir. Unfortunately, due to space restriction, it can't be no longer than 15 ...
-1
votes
0answers
28 views

Syntactic Structure in Italian (case, agreement, or movement). Where can I find online information for this?

I am doing a school project where I have to discuss the Syntax Structure of Italian where I have to discuss case, agreement, or movement. Unfortunately, I can't find information online that I can use. ...
-1
votes
1answer
102 views

What is the reason of this alternation?

The second case is similiar to e-grade / zero-grade ablaut. Is it possible to find out the place of a stress here? For use: वसति vásati वर्धति várdhati
1
vote
1answer
504 views

What's the origin of the word “br” in Yemeni Arabic?

Hello everyone What's the etymology of "ber بر", that means "moonlight" in Yemeni? The nearest words I can find in an Egyptian dictionary and in Amharic refer to light, but in ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Computer generated/aided glossing

I want to experiment with innovative ways of presenting a written text on a printed page to help a non-native speaker to read it. The example I have in mind is the Iliad for people whose native ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

NLP methods specific to a language?

What NLP methods / algorithms depend on the features existing only in some languages? For example, does French has any NLP algorithms that English NLP and Spanish NLP do not have?
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Is there any academic research on what kind of speech makes the speaker sound smart?

In other words, what kind of language-use (independent of content) makes the audience think more highly of the speaker’s qualifications and intellect? I am aware that the answer will heavily depend on ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Are there any set guidelines for the lifespan of a (spoken) corpus?

Are there any set guidelines on how long a (spoken) corpus stays relevant / is reliable to use? The only major Dutch spoken corpus is from 2004, and I was wondering if using this corpus would cause a ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

register variation: unbalanced corpus sample

I'm doing a small pilot study on evidentiality in a language I work on. I'm looking at two evidential markers, -mi that is said to mark the source of knowledge as personal, and -shi that marks ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Why doesn't Latin caseus have “w”?

Why doesn't Latin caseus from *kwh₂et- have "w"?
-1
votes
0answers
39 views

Proto-Slavic / Proto-Germanic long ū [closed]

Proto-Slavic *ъ (PIE u) lengthens to *y /ЪI/ (PIE ū) before unaspirated voiced stops (Winter's law): *rъděti *h₁rewdʰ- *bъděti *bʰewdʰ- *lъgati *lewgʰ- compare *kydati (kЪIdati) *(s)kewd-. *rydati ...
2
votes
2answers
439 views

How do you bound a syllable / split a word into syllables programmatically?

What are the rules for bounding a syllable? I am trying to take IPA text and write software to automatically separate the syllables for the word. By trying I am still just thinking about how to do it. ...
-2
votes
0answers
36 views

Is it coincident? [closed]

Proto-Slavic y PIE ū looks like OE ū with i-mutation (PS *myšь OE mȳs) Proto-Slavic ě PIE oi pronouns like OE ǣ with i-mutation (PS *děliti OE dǣl)
-2
votes
1answer
47 views

Is Proto-Balto-Slavic zero-grade from long zero-grade i? [closed]

Is Proto-Balto-Slavic zero-grade from long zero-grade i pílˀnas wilkás źírˀna śírˀnāˀ Is Proto-Germanic zero-grade from long zero-grade u fullaz wulfaz kurną hurną
5
votes
2answers
764 views

What is the IPA of the two-syllable r sound in English?

For example, the word "Emperor" in IPA on Wiktionary for General American is written /ˈɛmpɹɚ/. But that's kind of cheating because ɚ is basically /ɹ/ as far as I can tell. Yet, when you say ...
3
votes
1answer
702 views

Do all tonal languages have tone sandhi?

Tone sandhi is the process by which the nominal tones of syllables or words change based on the surrounding context. I know that Mandarin Chinese and Thai have tone sandhi - but is this process ...
-1
votes
0answers
36 views

Chomsky's Syntactic Structures: Why is aa, bb not a finite state language?

In (10ii), Chomsky says, aa, bb, abba, baab [...] and in general, all sentences consisting of a string X followed by the 'mirror image' of X (i.e. X in reverse), and only these. Then he proceeds to ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Influence of sonorant consonants / semivowels on f0

I think it's fairly well established that voiced stops tend to depress f0 while unvoiced stops tend to raise it, but I'm less clear on other types of consonant. I'm especially interested in sonorant ...
2
votes
2answers
457 views

Which nodes are meant by 'the specifier of a null active V' and 'this VP'?

Source: p 305. Syntax, A Generative Introduction (3 ed, 2012) by Andrew Carnie. To put some teeth to this claim then, we might propose that external arguments in actives are in fact generated in [1.] ...
7
votes
1answer
359 views

Representing knowledge extracted from output of dependency parsing

I am working on a problem to represent knowledge extracted from a paragraph and rank it to produce abstractive summaries. I have implemented dependency parsing using Stanford NLP, which gives dot ...
-1
votes
0answers
55 views

How would someone from Northern Ireland pronounce the word “through”?

Is there any area of Northern Ireland/Ulster where the pronunciation of “through” would sound like “true,” due to a difference in pronouncing the “th” sound? Thank you.
1
vote
1answer
128 views

Finite Nominalised Clauses

Are there any instances in any language where a finite clause can be nominalised? Gerunds in English are non-finite CPs and deverbal nouns lack an inflectional layer altogether. Rome wants [CP to ...

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