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6 views

How does the nonsense word “frabjous” conform to English phonotactics?

I am aware that this question is rather more complex than I am treating it, but I am looking for a few general rules (e.g. basic phonotactic constraints) that would lead to the conclusion that the ...
0
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1answer
18 views

Breaking a word down into its constituent phonemes

How should the nonsense word 'frabjous' be broken down into its constituent phonemes? For example, I think -fr is a consonant blend, -ab is a blend, and -ou is a vowel digraph, etc. Also, is there a ...
0
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0answers
5 views

Where can I find a corpus of sentence with the resulting emotion in french?

I'm working on a sentiment analysis program and I need to validate it using a corpus of sentence with the linked emotions. I need to perform this task on a french corpus and I can't find any on the ...
0
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0answers
18 views

şapka and шапка - which way did the hat travel?

The russian and turkish words for hat : şapka and шапка are very similar. It makes me suspect that one language borrowed it from the other. Which way did the hat travel?
-4
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0answers
24 views

Does the root word mus- in Latin mean “thief”'? Mouse=thief, Moses=Extractor etc

I first got the idea of Latin mus-=mouse=thief from this list: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Greek_and_Latin_roots_in_English/H%E2%80%93O My primary question here is whether someone can ...
-1
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0answers
22 views

Root words in Old Norse / Old Icelandic

Root words are helpful to go "inside" a language and see the components and inner meanings (etymologies) of words. I love this list from Wikipedia of Latin and Greek root words in English: ...
1
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1answer
28 views

Wh-movement Question

For wh-movements, I always think of what the sentence would have looked like if it wasn't a question (e.g. for sentence "which promise did he not keep?", I would think that the original ...
0
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0answers
10 views

What are the different approaches to handling grammatical number in type theory?

What are the different approaches to handling grammatical number in type theory? This question asks about the type of and in five boys and girls. That noun phrase is interesting because boys and ...
1
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0answers
17 views

What is the type and lambda denotation of the disjunction 'or' in the phrase 'five girls or boys run' using the generalised quantifier theory?

'Five girls and boys' I wonder what the denotation and type is of the disjunction 'or' in this phrase. I have 'five' as type <e,t><e,t>t> and the denotation as λPλQ[|P ∩ Q|= 10], but I ...
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0answers
49 views

Where can I found Tilskueren, January 1897? [closed]

Where can I found Tilskueren, January 1897 Volume 14? If somebody have an access to Harvard library, Michigan library Could you please tell me, which examples exemplified in pages 3-18 Gothic or ...
-4
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0answers
28 views

Describe the entymology and linguistics of the dutch het and the dutch de [closed]

What has your research shown regarding the first recorded used of het and de in the dutch langauge?
-2
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0answers
51 views

Why glides are also called semivowels?

I thought glides and semivowels are different but my teacher says glides are also called semivowels. I'm confused.
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0answers
24 views

Help with syntax tree generation with movements [closed]

This is my attempt at the sentence "Which compound appears to have been created with the recently found chemical element yesterday?" , but I'm not sure if it's correct: Is the wh-movement ...
1
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1answer
22 views

Is there any method to summarize and gain the big picture from an article?

Background Recently I just develop a method to summarize and find the big picture of an article, especially the ones that are so abstract and introduce too many new terms. The method is as follow: ...
1
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0answers
36 views

What is the history behind the use of the infinitive form with an imperative function in Germany, Dutch, and other languages

In German, Dutch, and other languages, the imperative is distinct from the infinitive: Dutch would be doe mee! (singular), doet mee! (plural or formal, dated). German would be mach mit (singular) or ...
3
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1answer
78 views

Why are bilabial lateral sounds deemed impossible?

On the IPA consonant chart they are greyed out as impossible to occur. But I can easily clamp my tongue between my lips, or I can close only the center of my lips, either way leaving a narrow hole on ...
1
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0answers
39 views

Visemes analogue for phoneme pangram?

There are several famous short texts which covers most of the English phonemes. For example "With tenure, Suzie'd have all the more leisure for yachting, but her publications are no good." ...
-3
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1answer
28 views

When do I use het or de in Dutch? [closed]

When do you use het and when do you use de in Dutch? I was wondering if one was for plural and the other for single?
2
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0answers
28 views

How comprehensive is SLIPA?

I know that SLIPA is a first go around at making an IPA table for signed languages, but how comprehensive is it? The creator freely admits that his main exposure to sign languages is ASL, which ...
0
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2answers
62 views

Besides French, which other languages distinguish between possibility and probability with the subjunctive mood?

Mosegaard Hansen, Maj-Britt. The structure of modern standard French : a student grammar. p 86.
0
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0answers
57 views

What is the language on this stamp? [closed]

My wife mailed a card to Canada last November. It disappeared for five months, then showed up in our mailbox with a Return to Sender stamp on it. The stamp is in English, and another script that we ...
1
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2answers
110 views

Is there any word in other languages that begins with the urdu alphabet ṛē (ڑ‎)?

So in Urdu language there is no word starting with Ṛe "ڑ" IPA /ɽ/ but I think there may be some words in another language that begins with Ṛe "ڑ" or have similar sound.
1
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0answers
46 views

Would it be correct to replace ۃ with ہ in Urdu?

What would be the right way to normalize the Arabic Tāʼ marbūṭah character in Urdu loan words from Arabic/Farsi? Would it be correct to replace ۃ with ہ (gōl hē)? Or can we replace ۃ with ط (t̤oʼē) ? ...
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0answers
11 views

Can a speech act may be the IFID(illocutionary force indicating device) of another speech act?

my fellow linguistics enthusiasts. I have a question on Illocutionary Force Indicating Devices. According to Searle and Vanderveken (1985) linguistics notions like word order, stress, intonation ...
-1
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0answers
30 views

Sanskrit translation for “Always Forward” [closed]

So I am looking for a Sanskrit translation for the motivational quote "Always forward"; to be etched on a souvenir. Unfortunately, due to space restriction, it can't be no longer than 15 ...
-1
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0answers
28 views

Syntactic Structure in Italian (case, agreement, or movement). Where can I find online information for this?

I am doing a school project where I have to discuss the Syntax Structure of Italian where I have to discuss case, agreement, or movement. Unfortunately, I can't find information online that I can use. ...
1
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0answers
19 views

NLP methods specific to a language?

What NLP methods / algorithms depend on the features existing only in some languages? For example, does French has any NLP algorithms that English NLP and Spanish NLP do not have?
-1
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1answer
103 views

What is the reason of this alternation?

The second case is similiar to e-grade / zero-grade ablaut. Is it possible to find out the place of a stress here? For use: वसति vásati वर्धति várdhati
2
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1answer
73 views

Why doesn't Latin caseus have “w”?

Why doesn't Latin caseus from *kwh₂et- have "w"?
-2
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0answers
36 views

Is it coincident? [closed]

Proto-Slavic y PIE ū looks like OE ū with i-mutation (PS *myšь OE mȳs) Proto-Slavic ě PIE oi pronouns like OE ǣ with i-mutation (PS *děliti OE dǣl)
2
votes
2answers
442 views

How do you bound a syllable / split a word into syllables programmatically?

What are the rules for bounding a syllable? I am trying to take IPA text and write software to automatically separate the syllables for the word. By trying I am still just thinking about how to do it. ...
-1
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0answers
39 views

Proto-Slavic / Proto-Germanic long ū [closed]

Proto-Slavic *ъ (PIE u) lengthens to *y /ЪI/ (PIE ū) before unaspirated voiced stops (Winter's law): *rъděti *h₁rewdʰ- *bъděti *bʰewdʰ- *lъgati *lewgʰ- compare *kydati (kЪIdati) *(s)kewd-. *rydati ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Are there any set guidelines for the lifespan of a (spoken) corpus?

Are there any set guidelines on how long a (spoken) corpus stays relevant / is reliable to use? The only major Dutch spoken corpus is from 2004, and I was wondering if using this corpus would cause a ...
5
votes
2answers
765 views

What is the IPA of the two-syllable r sound in English?

For example, the word "Emperor" in IPA on Wiktionary for General American is written /ˈɛmpɹɚ/. But that's kind of cheating because ɚ is basically /ɹ/ as far as I can tell. Yet, when you say ...
-2
votes
1answer
47 views

Is Proto-Balto-Slavic zero-grade from long zero-grade i? [closed]

Is Proto-Balto-Slavic zero-grade from long zero-grade i pílˀnas wilkás źírˀna śírˀnāˀ Is Proto-Germanic zero-grade from long zero-grade u fullaz wulfaz kurną hurną
1
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0answers
71 views

What is the type of ablaut?

PS *kysnǫti / *kvasъ PIE ū / wā (wō) PS *xytiti / *xvatati PIE ū / wā (wō) PS *xyrěti / *хvоrati ū / wo ? PS *ty / *tvоjь ū / wo Is it somehow related to kʷetwóres rule? modern Russian spelling ...
1
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3answers
80 views

What is the origin if the “i” in “Sanskrit”?

What is the origin if the "i" in the language name "Sanskrit" (instead of "Sanskṛt"). Is this an epenthetic vowel inserted by English-speaking authors or by Hindi-...
-1
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0answers
36 views

Chomsky's Syntactic Structures: Why is aa, bb not a finite state language?

In (10ii), Chomsky says, aa, bb, abba, baab [...] and in general, all sentences consisting of a string X followed by the 'mirror image' of X (i.e. X in reverse), and only these. Then he proceeds to ...
1
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0answers
31 views

Computer generated/aided glossing

I want to experiment with innovative ways of presenting a written text on a printed page to help a non-native speaker to read it. The example I have in mind is the Iliad for people whose native ...
-1
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0answers
55 views

How would someone from Northern Ireland pronounce the word “through”?

Is there any area of Northern Ireland/Ulster where the pronunciation of “through” would sound like “true,” due to a difference in pronouncing the “th” sound? Thank you.
1
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1answer
76 views

Indo-European cognate calculator

There are Indo-European cognate pairs that are phonetically exact and regular in the sense that their phonematic make-up is completely explained by systematic application of the relevant sound rules ...
0
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0answers
70 views

English words that can be only used as nouns

Is there a term for words that can be only used as nouns? For example, I think "history" and "sofa" are such words, but "book" and "dog" are not. I'm looking ...
-1
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0answers
34 views

What is the lexical meaning of behabitive? [closed]

J.L Austin categorizes speech acts that includes acts having to do with attitudes and social behavior (as apologizing, congratulating, commending, thanking) under the class of Behabitive. But apart ...
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0answers
23 views

some good books to read on the major areas in Linguistics

Can anyone please suggest some good books to read on the major areas in Linguistics, including Second Language Acquisition?
-2
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0answers
35 views

What language is this text taken from the rear of a framed lady,s fan [closed]

Image taken from decorative lady,s fan. Maybe from the Philippines ??
4
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1answer
469 views

How is the “basic form/citation form” defined in highly inflected languages besides IE languages?

A "basic form" may seldom appear in a highly inflected languages, and languages in the world are different from each other, by which we cannot simply apply the convention of IE languages on ...
4
votes
2answers
362 views

How is a svarabhakti different from a vowel

I recently came across the concept of "svarabhakti" in the context of the Gaelic word "Alba" (pronounced with a vowel between l and b). What I'm confused about is why this is ...
4
votes
1answer
452 views

Using Polish-inspired z Digraphs for Czech, Slovak

Is it ever okay, i.e. where technical circumstances restrict the available character set (e.g. slugified URLs), to systematically substitute cz, dz, lz, nz, rz, sz, tz and zz for Czech and Slovak ...
2
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0answers
67 views

During second language acquisition, is it common for the speech organs to get tired by speaking the second language?

I am a non-native speaker of English (I'd rather not say what my native language is). I have noticed that my speech organs (tongue, lips, jaws and also the palate but I'm not so sure if it's the ...
6
votes
2answers
94 views

Why did the softness of the L in the OCS word “велми” reflect so unpredictably into today's languages?

The OCS word "велми", meaning "very" and surviving in several Slavic languages today, is quite a conundrum to me in terms of how it has reflected into the living languages of today....

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