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12 views

Sanskrit translation for “Always Forward”

So I am looking for a Sanskrit translation for the motivational quote "Always forward"; to be etched on a souvenir. Unfortunately, due to space restriction, it can't be no longer than 15 ...
0
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0answers
12 views

Syntactic Structure in Italian (case, agreement, or movement). Where can I find online information for this?

I am doing a school project where I have to discuss the Syntax Structure of Italian where I have to discuss case, agreement, or movement. Unfortunately, I can't find information online that I can use. ...
1
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0answers
15 views

NLP methods specific to a language?

What NLP methods / algorithms depend on the features existing only in some languages? For example, does French has any NLP algorithms that English NLP and Spanish NLP do not have?
-1
votes
1answer
84 views

What is the reason of this alternation?

The second case is similiar to e-grade / zero-grade ablaut. Is it possible to find out the place of a stress here? For use: वसति vásati वर्धति várdhati
2
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1answer
62 views

Why doesn't Latin caseus have “w”?

Why doesn't Latin caseus from *kwh₂et- have "w"?
-2
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0answers
34 views

Is it coincident? [closed]

Proto-Slavic y PIE ū looks like OE ū with i-mutation (PS *myšь OE mȳs) Proto-Slavic ě PIE oi pronouns like OE ǣ with i-mutation (PS *děliti OE dǣl)
2
votes
2answers
359 views

How do you bound a syllable / split a word into syllables programmatically?

What are the rules for bounding a syllable? I am trying to take IPA text and write software to automatically separate the syllables for the word. By trying I am still just thinking about how to do it. ...
-1
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0answers
35 views

Proto-Slavic / Proto-Germanic long ū [closed]

Proto-Slavic *ъ (PIE u) lengthens to *y /ЪI/ (PIE ū) before unaspirated voiced stops (Winter's law): *rъděti *h₁rewdʰ- *bъděti *bʰewdʰ- *lъgati *lewgʰ- compare *kydati (kЪIdati) *(s)kewd-. *rydati ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Are there any set guidelines for the lifespan of a (spoken) corpus?

Are there any set guidelines on how long a (spoken) corpus stays relevant / is reliable to use? The only major Dutch spoken corpus is from 2004, and I was wondering if using this corpus would cause a ...
5
votes
2answers
750 views

What is the IPA of the two-syllable r sound in English?

For example, the word "Emperor" in IPA on Wiktionary for General American is written /ˈɛmpɹɚ/. But that's kind of cheating because ɚ is basically /ɹ/ as far as I can tell. Yet, when you say ...
-2
votes
1answer
44 views

Is Proto-Balto-Slavic zero-grade from long zero-grade i? [closed]

Is Proto-Balto-Slavic zero-grade from long zero-grade i pílˀnas wilkás źírˀna śírˀnāˀ Is Proto-Germanic zero-grade from long zero-grade u fullaz wulfaz kurną hurną
1
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0answers
51 views

What is the type of ablaut?

PS *kysnǫti / *kvasъ PIE ū / wā PS *xytiti / *xvatati PIE ū / wā PS *xyrěti / *хvоrati ū / wo ? PS *ty / *tvоjь ū / wo Is it somehow related to kʷetwóres rule? modern Russian spelling киснуть / ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

What is the origin if the “i” in “Sanskrit”?

What is the origin if the "i" in the language name "Sanskrit" (instead of "Sanskṛt"). Is this an epenthetic vowel inserted by English-speaking authors or by Hindi-...
-1
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0answers
34 views

Chomsky's Syntactic Structures: Why is aa, bb not a finite state language?

In (10ii), Chomsky says, aa, bb, abba, baab [...] and in general, all sentences consisting of a string X followed by the 'mirror image' of X (i.e. X in reverse), and only these. Then he proceeds to ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Computer generated/aided glossing

I want to experiment with innovative ways of presenting a written text on a printed page to help a non-native speaker to read it. The example I have in mind is the Iliad for people whose native ...
-1
votes
0answers
54 views

How would someone from Northern Ireland pronounce the word “through”?

Is there any area of Northern Ireland/Ulster where the pronunciation of “through” would sound like “true,” due to a difference in pronouncing the “th” sound? Thank you.
1
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1answer
70 views

Indo-European cognate calculator

There are Indo-European cognate pairs that are phonetically exact and regular in the sense that their phonematic make-up is completely explained by systematic application of the relevant sound rules ...
0
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0answers
70 views

English words that can be only used as nouns

Is there a term for words that can be only used as nouns? For example, I think "history" and "sofa" are such words, but "book" and "dog" are not. I'm looking ...
-1
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0answers
33 views

What is the lexical meaning of behabitive? [closed]

J.L Austin categorizes speech acts that includes acts having to do with attitudes and social behavior (as apologizing, congratulating, commending, thanking) under the class of Behabitive. But apart ...
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0answers
23 views

some good books to read on the major areas in Linguistics

Can anyone please suggest some good books to read on the major areas in Linguistics, including Second Language Acquisition?
-2
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0answers
34 views

What language is this text taken from the rear of a framed lady,s fan [closed]

Image taken from decorative lady,s fan. Maybe from the Philippines ??
4
votes
1answer
465 views

How is the “basic form/citation form” defined in highly inflected languages besides IE languages?

A "basic form" may seldom appear in a highly inflected languages, and languages in the world are different from each other, by which we cannot simply apply the convention of IE languages on ...
4
votes
2answers
359 views

How is a svarabhakti different from a vowel

I recently came across the concept of "svarabhakti" in the context of the Gaelic word "Alba" (pronounced with a vowel between l and b). What I'm confused about is why this is ...
4
votes
1answer
452 views

Using Polish-inspired z Digraphs for Czech, Slovak

Is it ever okay, i.e. where technical circumstances restrict the available character set (e.g. slugified URLs), to systematically substitute cz, dz, lz, nz, rz, sz, tz and zz for Czech and Slovak ...
-3
votes
1answer
38 views

Translation from phonetics to English [closed]

I would like to know the pronunciation of 'ðə'trʌkɪz'rɛd' in English. I cannot find the IPA symbol for ɛ.
1
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0answers
63 views

During second language acquisition, is it common for the speech organs to get tired by speaking the second language?

I am a non-native speaker of English (I'd rather not say what my native language is). I have noticed that my speech organs (tongue, lips, jaws and also the palate but I'm not so sure if it's the ...
5
votes
1answer
71 views

Why did the softness of the L in the OCS word “велми” reflect so unpredictably into today's languages?

The OCS word "велми", meaning "very" and surviving in several Slavic languages today, is quite a conundrum to me in terms of how it has reflected into the living languages of today....
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0answers
52 views

Masculine “Oriyah” [closed]

We like the meaning of Oriyah and are thinking of using it as a surname. We believe it means YHWH יהוה is my light אור (Gen1:3). It appears that the name Oriyah is commonly used as a feminine name. Is ...
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votes
1answer
78 views

When did Old Slavic ЪI become Ы? [closed]

When did Old Slavic ЪI become Ы?
0
votes
1answer
102 views

What is the difference between Slavic little yus and little iotified yus?

What is the difference between Old Slavic little yus ѧ and little iotified yus ѩ, and what does "iotation" mean in this context? Relating to the difference between ѧ and ѩ, is the earliest ...
0
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2answers
85 views

How did the “c” in “et cetera” end up being pronounced like an s sound?

I was discussing an odd pronunciation of etc. with a friend when he told me that technically the most correct way to pronounce it based off Latin pronunciation rules would be something more like et ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

Ultimate Etymology of “Ides”?

I recall reading somewhere that Latin idus "ides, 15th day of the month/full moon" was ultimately derived, via Etruscan, from Sumerian itu "month". Is this plausible, or is it ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

How long were Old Frankish dialects spoken in modern France?

How long were the Germanic dialects commonly subsumed under the term "Frankish" spoken by Frankish people in Northern Gaul, and how long did it take until they were completely supplanted by ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Vowel change OE

My question is: comparing the words for the verb "hear" in Gothic(hausjan) and Old English(hieran), I became curious as to how did the diphthong 'au' came to be 'ie' in OE. I tried ...
6
votes
1answer
185 views

What does the preceding /s/ do to the aspiration of the following voiceless plosive?

Take for example English voiceless plosives such as /p t k/ which are aspirated at the start of a stressed syllable and before a vowel as in kill, tar, pie: [kʰɪl] [tʰɑː(r)] [pʰaɪ] But after a ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

How is the Filipino expression “salamat” related to the Arabic?

Salamat in Filipino means “thank you”. In the Arabic form, the word is in the feminine plural salāmat سلامت from the singular salāmah . Salamat in Arabic is equivalent to peace and blessings (a ...
31
votes
2answers
4k views

Can you rhyme words in sign language?

In spoken language, patterns of vowels, consonants, and stress are used to feel the similarity of form between two words and create rhymes. Can you do the same in sign language? Also, is there sign ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Did Proto-Indo-European have retracted /s̠/?

Was the /s/ in PIE retracted (/s̠/) as in modern Greek, standard European Spanish and most likely ancient Greek and Latin, or was it pronounced as in modern English?
1
vote
1answer
38 views

What is the difference between these two nasalization constructs in Telugu, ఁ ం?

One is a half circle, one is a full circle, they both seem to nasalize the preceding vowel, but what is the difference in terms of IPA, or another way to describe it?
-3
votes
1answer
65 views

Is the vocalic R and L pronounced the same in all Indian languages?

Wondering what exactly is meant by the vocalic R and L in Oriya, Telugu, Malayalam, Tamil, and other related Indian languages. In many of these languages on Wikipedia, you find the IPA transcription ...
-1
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0answers
53 views

What is the process of OE e / ME a?

Why did OE e change to ME a in þusend / thusand?
4
votes
2answers
116 views

Reversing text — how do different cultures and languages approach this?

In computer science, there's a "basic problem" called string reversal. You take a piece of text, and flip it so it reads backwards. "abcd" becomes "dcba", etc. There's ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Is current Gothic ablaut paradigm correct?

Slahan is a Class 6 verb with the ablaum paradigm: a ō ō a but we have slauhts that doesn't use it. compare fraliusan fralusts gakiusan gakusts ablaum paradigm: iu au u u
0
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0answers
35 views

Is it faster to learn new languages at the same time or one after the other?

For adults who are learning new languages, does the research indicate that it is better to focus on one at a time, or to study a bit of each more frequently? What learning schedule maximises ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

How did Proto-Germanic “e” break into “ja” in Old Norse?

How did Proto-Germanic "e" break into "ja" in Old Norse? I can't realize it. for instance helpaną hjalpa
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Are infinitives in descendant languages and 3rd-preson singular forms of verbs in PIE related?

For example, why is it shown in Wiktionary that the etymology of such words like eat, есть (which means eat in Russian)comes from 3-rd person singular form *h₁édti in PIE? Are they really related or I ...
3
votes
1answer
488 views

Origin of the English word 'tooth' being pronounced /tʊθ/?

According to Wiktionary, the English word 'tooth' can be pronounced as /tʊθ/ (as opposed to its regular pronunciation in RP of /tuːθ/) in certain areas of Wales and the British Midlands. Is there any ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Where can I obtain a comprehensive list of all languages spoken in Papua New Guinea by province?

I need a list of languages spoken in Papua New Guinea mentioned alongside the province/district/LLG they are spoken in along with the number of speakers. Where can I obtain such a list for free?
5
votes
1answer
142 views

Did Sumerian have /ħ/?

According to Gelb 1961, the famous Sumerian sign É ("house, building") was originally pronounced /ħa/ (or ḥa in Semiticist transcription). The main evidence for this is loanwords into other ...
7
votes
1answer
298 views

What is Ś in Sumero-Akkadian cuneiform?

In a few different places (1) (2), ORACC lists Ś (S with acute accent, U+015A) as a Unicode character used for Sumero-Akkadian cuneiform transcription. However, I've never seen this letter used (in ...

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