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Branch of the Indo-European languages from Northern Europe, including English, German, Dutch, and the Scandinavian languages

5 votes

What's the reason behind the aternation of vowel in the Proto-Germanic suffix "-ungō"/"-ingō"?

The feminine suffix variants *-ingō/-ungō correspond to the masculine *-inga-/-unga-, which go back to PIE *-en-ko-/-n̥-ko- (see Krahe 1969 'Germanische Sprachwissenschaft III' p. 206). The relationsh …
  • 869
6 votes

Why does the Old Norse word "maðr" include "ð", while its cognate E "man" doesn't?

In Old Norse, the sequence -nnr(-) becomes -ðr(-). It's just a rule of Old Norse. You'll find it described in any grammar of Old Norse.
  • 869
3 votes

What is the relative chronology of Grimm's and Verner's Law?

The consensus is that Grimm's law occurs before Verner's law. You will in the field of Indo-European linguistics always find someone who claims the opposite of what the consensus says. So it's importa …
  • 869
7 votes

The reason for similarity of Turkic "min" and latin "mille", Turkic "dil" and dutch "taal"?

There is no known linguistic relation. For (unprovable) ideas about a relationship, cf.
  • 869
4 votes

Germanic comparative grammars?

My standard reference manual has always been Hans Krahe's "Germanische Sprachwissenschaft". The seventh and last edition is from 1969, which Wolfgang Meid edited. Apart from that I'd recommend Streitb …
  • 869