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The study of the internal structure of expressions, especially between words and phrases, and the principles and processes that determine it. This includes words order, but also the grammatical relati…
A Germanic language, which originated from England, and is considered the leading language in international communication.
The study of the abstract aspect of the sounds or *phonemes* in a given language.
The study of the production and perception of sounds or "phones".
Words, phrases, and acronyms specific to the study of linguistics.
The study of the history of words including their origins and the changes they've undergone through time.
The diachronic study of language and its evolution.
the study of meaning, used to understand expressions through language.
A branch of science that uses computers and mathematical methods to construct and investigate linguistic theory. Its technological and algorithmic implementation is called NLP.
A body of rules, features, or generalizations which reliably differentiate between grammatical and ungrammatical constructions.
The study of the structure and formation of words and their component parts, "morphemes".
Questions seeking books, websites, articles, papers, research, or downloadable content on any linguistic topic.
The International Phonetic Alphabet: A Latin-based alphabet designed for transcribing all sounds of all languages.
The study of structural features, diversity and commonalities among the world's languages.
a set of rules that determine the correct way of writing in a certain language, including norms about spelling, punctuation and word breaks. Orthography is usually not considered part o…
Proto-Indo-European (PIE), the reconstructed proto-language for the Indo-European language family
An informal term referring to the verbalized form of words specific to a language. Can also refer to particular individual's pronunciation, as in an accent or a pathology, or a specific speech event,…
Part of speech whose members indicate an action or a state of being.
Comparisons across (as opposed to within) languages or language families.
a database of text or speech, possibly annotated with language-specific explanatory information. Used for testing statistical hypothesis and constructing quantitative mode…
request for references of languages that satisfy the criteria set in the question.
For linguistic questions concerning the Latin language, a dead Indo-European language of the Roman Empire and ancestor of modern Catalan, French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, and a few othe…
Graphical representations of hierarchical analyses of grammatical relations. Requests to make syntax trees are off-topic.
For requests of linguistic resources (like corpora, training data, wordnets, ontologies). When looking for published references, use the [reference-request] tag instead.
The discrete and distinctive units constituting the internalized inventory of sounds of a language. A sequence of phonemes is the preverbal form of a word. Phonemes may be systematically distorted upo…
Refers either to abstract and often mathematical theories focused more on explanation and generalization than on application, or the discussion of these theories' properties.
Those speech sounds made with open, unrestricted vocal tracts, in contrast to consonants.
A study of the relationships or correspondences between the languages that have a common origin. Formerly known as Comparative Grammar, Comparative Philology.
The phenomenon whereby a language's grammar and lexicon change over time.
Romance language, official in 29 states, including France, Belgium and Côte d'Ivoire.
The study of societal effects on language use and of language use on society.
A Hellenic language principally spoken in Greece.
The traditional set of eight word classes: Noun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, pronoun, and interjection.
The study of language learning, especially the processes by which first languages are learned by children.
Inflectional forms that indicate the grammatical functions of nouns, pronouns and their modifiers (such as adjectives).
The language family covering the majority of the languages of Europe and the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent.