Single phone consisting of a stop phase followed by a fricative phase.

Affricates are a type of articulation which combine a stop phase and a subsequent fricative phase. Affricates are cross-linguistically quite common, some examples are:

  • [ts] - voiceless alveolar stop followed by the equivalent (homorganic) fricative.
  • [tʃ] - voiceless alveolar stop followed by the voiceless post-alveolar fricative. Found in English words such as: 'church'.
  • [dʒ] - voiced alveolar stop followed by the voiced post-alveolar fricative. A similar sound is found in the English word 'judge'.

Phonetically affricates are a sequence of two phones, but many languages treat them as a single phoneme. Affricates may be written with a tie joining the two symbols to indicate that they are functioning as a single phone, thus: [d͡ʒ].