27 votes

Are there languages in which "coffee" is not a cognate of a root containing k/q and f/h/w?

First of all I would like to say that these words are not cognates; they are loanwords. The coffee plant is indigenous in the highlands of Ethiopia. It was transplanted to the Yemen in the 14th ...
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15 votes
Accepted

Derivatives of Latin *mulier* in French

The Trésor de la langue française has most the answer to your question in the etymology section for femme: From Classical Latin femina “female”, then “woman, wife” which competed against the Latin ...
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15 votes

Latin "vivere" vs. Hebrew "aviv"

Arnaud Fournet's answer is correct: there's no evidence for a relationship. But to add a bit more evidence that there isn't a connection… The Classical pronunciation of vīvere was something like /...
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15 votes

Proto-Indo-European and Proto-Yeniseian paper

From your paper: Chance is ruled out by probability, because two unrelated language families can’t have 74 accidental resemblances. The problem is, this simply isn't true. Here are 109 accidental ...
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  • 50.9k
14 votes

Is Mississippi cognate with Michigan?

Calling on the U. Minn. Ojibwe dictionary, Ojibwe gitchigami = Gitche Gumee referred to in Longfellow's Hiawatha means "Big lake". Gichi means "very big". Mich is the initial which ...
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12 votes

Are there languages in which "coffee" is not a cognate of a root containing k/q and f/h/w?

Armenian: սուրճ [surch] (Wiktionary) English: java (Wiktionary) In the 17th century, the Dutch colonized the island of Java, which is now part of Indonesia. They planted lots of coffee there and ...
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  • 8,501
11 votes

What are cognates of "fuck" in other Indo-European languages?

From the Oxford English Dictionary: Probably cognate with Dutch fokken to mock (15th cent.), to strike (1591), to fool, gull (1623), to beget children (1637), to have sexual intercourse with (...
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10 votes

Etymology of "Talo" (Finnish for "house"). Can it be a cognate of Thalamus?

The problem is that both Greek words are probably not of Indogermanic origin. The case of θάλασσα is pretty clear-cut, the -σσ- cannot be inherited directly from Proto-Indogermanic and must be ...
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10 votes

Is -s for plurals in Spanish a false cognate with English -s?

It's (probably) a true cognate! Back in Proto-Indo-European times, noun endings indicated case as well as number: there was no single specific "plural ending", but there were various endings used for ...
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10 votes

Why are some Russian and Swedish words so strikingly similar? Два - två, по-шведски - på svenska, etc

You've mixed a bunch of words of very different origin with a bunch of quite weak and poorly defined assumptions (like no considerable interactions between Russians and Swedes). It comes as no ...
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  • 907
9 votes

Why are some Russian and Swedish words so strikingly similar? Два - två, по-шведски - på svenska, etc

@shabunc has treated the other examples already, so I will say something about the bear's service: The same idiom is also present in German Bärendienst and it is traced to a fable by La Fontaine ...
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8 votes

Do the Native American names Pocahontas and Pocatello share a common linguistic root?

The etymologies of those two names is at best conjecture. Given that the individuals in question (the town is named after the chief) are from completely unrelated tribes speaking unrelated languages (...
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8 votes

Are there languages in which "coffee" is not a cognate of a root containing k/q and f/h/w?

the word for "coffee" What if the language doesn't have the word for coffee, and there are several words to express it? For example, in Somali, coffee can be called both bun and qaxwe. does not ...
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8 votes
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Are the English words "essence" and "essential" related to the Spanish word "ser"?

Some forms of ser are cognate with "essence", but ser itself is not. Ser in Spanish is a "suppletive verb", which is missing some of its forms and has stolen them from other verbs ...
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  • 50.9k
8 votes

At what point can a confirmation be established between words of similar meaning in context?

There are two main ways. ① If there's a good reason to suspect borrowing. For example, English and Hebrew aren't etymologically related at all, but English chutzpah looks very similar to Hebrew חוצפה (...
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7 votes
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Are Hindi "Bigul" (बिगुल) and English "Bugle" cognates?

Shyamsundara Dasa's Hindi Shabdasagar dictionary has an entry (link): बिगुल संज्ञा पुं० [अं०] अँगरेजी ढंग की एक प्रकार की तुरही जो प्रायः सैनिकों को एकत्र करने अथवा इसी प्रकार का कोई और काम करने के ...
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  • 847
7 votes

Are false cognates something languages tend to create?

It depends what you mean by "tend to create". For one, there are certain words that do tend to be the same across unrelated languages—for external reasons. English boom and Ancient Greek ...
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  • 50.9k
6 votes

Are the English words "essence" and "essential" related to the Spanish word "ser"?

As Draconis says, some conjugations of ser are cognate with Latin esse derived words in English, but not all. I made this chart (based on this blog post) a while ago, it details which are which: ^ ...
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6 votes
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What are cognates of "fuck" in other Indo-European languages?

There are no really secure cognates outside the Germanic languages (see, e.g., The Wiktionary entry expressing the doubts about outer-Germanic relations). A maybe unexpected English cognate is fidget¹ ...
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6 votes
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Are English 'gay' and Norwegian 'gøy' cognates?

According to the Norske Akademis Ordbok, gøy is from English “gay”.
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6 votes

Is occult cognate with hell?

It is indeed true! Proto-Indo-European *ḱel "conceal" > Proto-Germanic *haljō "concealed place" > Old English hell "underworld" > English "hell" Proto-Indo-European *ḱel "conceal" > Latin *ob-celō > ...
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  • 50.9k
5 votes

Is there a website where you can find cognates of certain word in other IE branches?

You can look up PIE roots from Walde-Pokorny here. This contains a link to a language index, which could lead you to the Latin list, although you'd have to know that facio is related to putrefacio and ...
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5 votes
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How can I check whether 'question' in English, and 'xahesh' in Persian are cognates?

Henning, Das Verbum des Mittelpersischen der Turfanfragmente (1933) p. 187 posited Iranian *xwaz, ‘wish, want’, represented by Middle and New Persian xwāh-, with long-grade present stem, the regular ...
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5 votes
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German long "o" vs. "au". Is there a rule?

In Proto-Germanic (PG) the prototypes of all the four words had the diphthong /au/ in the root: rot < PG *raudaz tot < PG *daudaz kaufen < OHG noun koufo (“merchant”) < Latin ...
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5 votes

What's the difference between a "false cognate" and a "false friend"?

Most often, the expression “false cognate” is used as a synonym for “false friend”. If you google with them, you will mostly find pages that use them synonymously. However, other meanings have also ...
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5 votes
Accepted

Elusive etymology, false cognate?

First off, let me say I'm not sure why your question has so many close-votes: it is directly about the etymology of a word, and so is definitely within scope. Okay, elusive comes more-or-less ...
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  • 4,348
5 votes

Is thorn cognate with Bactrian sho?

The Bactrian letter <ϸ> is for /ʃ/, not /θ/. It is possible that it originated in the word χϸονο "calendar year", which is probably borrowed from Greek χρόνος. In this case, <ϸ> could have ...
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  • 22.6k
5 votes
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Are "brat" and "frater" cognates?

Yes, frater and Брат are related. They ultimately come from the Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr, from which indeed brat/Брат in various Slavic languages also is derived. You can see the descendants on ...
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