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14 votes

Is there a linguistics equivalent to Turing completeness?

In the realm of natural language, the "ideas a language can be used to express" are basically "any": all languages are capable of expressing any idea, so there's only one category of expressive type. ...
user6726's user avatar
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11 votes

Is there a linguistics equivalent to Turing completeness?

In computer science, one essential property of all Turing-complete languages is that they are able to describe, "in their own way", how they themselves work. For example, you can use a Turing ...
mat's user avatar
  • 211
4 votes

How to 'correctly' measure the complexity of the grammar of a language?

Linguists have some methods to measure the complexities of the grammar of a language. Methods to measure the complexities of different aspects, absolutely. What are the best methods to measure the ...
Draconis's user avatar
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4 votes

How to 'correctly' measure the complexity of the grammar of a language?

I haven't the slightest idea what the answer to you question might be. I think you're wasting your time with such speculations. Basically, I guess, you think the difficulty of a language must be ...
Greg Lee's user avatar
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3 votes

Is there a linguistics equivalent to Turing completeness?

I have had the same thought before and this is what I have found. There are two main concerns. Semantic completeness and grammatical completeness. Semantics: A language needs a minimum set of ...
Sylar's user avatar
  • 71
3 votes

Split a sentence using nltk and python

If you are familiar with spacy, you can use the dependency of the words in the sentence: import spacy nlp = spacy.load("en_core_web_sm") doc = nlp("Apple is looking at buying U.K. ...
Nour Matta's user avatar
3 votes

Complex Sentence

A complementizer converts some phrase (usually an S) into a complement. In the form of a phrase structure rule, Complement -> Complementizer S In your example, the complementizer "that" converts ...
Greg Lee's user avatar
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3 votes

Yoruba purpose clauses

The broader semantic domain of purpose in Yoruba (as in any other language) can be realized by different kinds of expressions. In Yoruba this would range from clause complexes to single clauses ...
Lolu Ores's user avatar
2 votes

Do CP adjuncts of N require/have a subject?

It is not so much a question for the EPP but for the analysis of relative clauses. You analysed the "that" as a C-head, and that looks ok to me. However, there is some uncertainty in the ...
Alazon's user avatar
  • 875
2 votes

How to 'correctly' measure the complexity of the grammar of a language?

a) What you exemplify is an inductive argument, you have seen or heard of people who have a hard time learning the grammar, and you assume it were the grammars fault. Native speakers might think quite ...
Vecciveczen's user avatar
2 votes

Languages w/out dependent clauses

It seems Pirahã may qualify (my stress): Since we do not find unambiguous relative clauses in the corpus, we cannot use them to conclude that Pirahã has recursive embedding. As Pirahã isn't a ...
jaam's user avatar
  • 504
2 votes

Subordination. Chinese vs English

Just keep spamming 的-clauses. To use your example: 我认识一个[有狗的]人。 我认识一个[有[向猫吠的]狗的]人。 我认识一个[有[向[在屋子里的]猫吠的]狗的]人。 我认识一个[有[向[在[[...的]城市的]屋子里的]猫吠的]狗的]人。 My own judgement is that the longer sentences don'...
WavesWashSands's user avatar
1 vote

Linguistic analysis of ChatGPT's default style of writing

This is such a fantastic question, I’ve struggled to offer even a small, direct answer. Let us begin in the simplest possible way, before hopefully attempting some generality. The easiest thing you ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
1 vote

How to 'correctly' measure the complexity of the grammar of a language?

[updated here] READ THIS ARTICLE: Entropy Rate Estimates for Natural Language—A New Extrapolation of Compressed Large-Scale Corpora One can try to evaluate complexity of a written word by ...
CitizenVito's user avatar
1 vote

Is it possible that whole relative clause refers/describes one word/phrase in the main clause (without anaphora)?

No, anaphora is always involved in a relative clause construction, because relative clauses have relative pronouns (not necessarily explicit), and relative pronouns are anaphoric. The "which" of your ...
Greg Lee's user avatar
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1 vote

Languages w/out dependent clauses

There are many kinds of dependent clause. The example you provided is a content clause and not a relative clause. In Riffian, depending on the dependent clause used, this one can be introduced by a ...
amegnunsen's user avatar
  • 1,535
1 vote

Are there languages with discontinued subordinate clauses?

This sort of behavior certainly occurs in some languages. Here's an example from Meskwaki where a relative clause is interspersed with the matrix clause: iiniyeeka [peeminehkawaatshiki ashaahaki ...
TylerJNA's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote

Help with constituency?

Yes, they are adjuncts, they are just topicalized. Alternative word order is orthogonal to what categories phrases have.
Atamiri's user avatar
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1 vote

Help with constituency?

I have a reply for your third example, "Frankly, this whole paragraph needs work." "Frankly" here is a manner adverb which modifies a root sentence (which is a non-embedded sentence, in the sense of ...
Greg Lee's user avatar
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