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20 votes

Is there a list of word meanings that are universally represented in all languages?

The Natural Semantic Metalanguage is a project that aims to identify the universal building blocks of human language, or "semantic primes". After four decades of empirical research they have ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
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17 votes
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Is there a list of word meanings that are universally represented in all languages?

No, there may not be any universal meanings. Here is an example. In most (maybe all) Bantu languages, there is no word for "hand" and no word for "arm", because there is a word ...
user6726's user avatar
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9 votes
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In absolute numerical terms, what is the computational size of human language, particularly semantic processing?

There is a popular yet false presumption about brain structure and language that enables this question, among others. The simple answer is, we have absolutely no idea. The medical folks could tell us ...
user6726's user avatar
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4 votes

Are linguistic corpora under threat from AI-generated text?

There is a high probability that AI-generated text already exists in web-based corpora (and will increase over time), and a very low probability that such text will appear in e.g. The Corpus of ...
user6726's user avatar
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4 votes
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How has computational linguistics contributed to the preservation of endangered languages?

It doesn't really. Computers are incredibly useful in documenting endangered languages, of course, just like in most aspects of modern life. I imagine most field workers use them. But the techniques ...
Draconis's user avatar
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4 votes
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What software for interpreting phonological rules exists?

As you mentioned in the comments, Phono has gotten updated since the DOS days, and now has an online version. The core of the system is the same as it was decades ago: it takes rules in an ...
Draconis's user avatar
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3 votes

What software for interpreting phonological rules exists?

I will start with what does not exist: a system that implements the proposed computations in some linguistic theory of phonological rules, such as SPE rule theory or autosegmental phonology. On the ...
user6726's user avatar
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3 votes

Parsers and syntax trees for natural languages

Parsers and syntax trees for natural languages Say I have a string representing text in a natural language, for example: She is an effective teacher. Most students have found her reasonably helpful. ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
1 vote

Are linguistic corpora under threat from AI-generated text?

The Mark Davies' corpora are free of machine generated text with a very high probability. We cannot completely exclude some machine translations (a very specific type of machine generated text) in the ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
1 vote

Replace bad spelling with correct spelling

This task is called normalisation in Computational Linguistics and there are tools for it, e.g., VARD by Baron and Rayson. Those tools are typically trained on some manually crafted gold standard and ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
1 vote
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How to write a program that lists out all the grammar patterns used in a given sentence?

Your hunch is not that bad, essentially this is the approach of modern tools used in computational linguistics. Tokenisation is generally seen as an easy task where word forms and punctuation marks ...
Sir Cornflakes's user avatar
1 vote
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How can the morphology of a language be formally represented i.e. computerized?

Here are two answers, depending on what you mean by "morphology". Two-level morphology is an older theory from 1983, by Kimmo Koskenniemi with contributions by Lauri Karttunen, which is a ...
user6726's user avatar
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1 vote

How can the morphology of a language be formally represented i.e. computerized?

What system of representation exists that allows us to represent the structure of Sanskrit and Arabic with equal ease? It sounds a bit like you want something formal and rule-based, but the reality, ...
Adam Bittlingmayer's user avatar
1 vote

Why words are the basic building blocks of language?

There are a few conceptual and terminological problems with your assumption, which are fully encouraged by linguists who use certain words interchangeably, at least some of the time. The first ...
user6726's user avatar
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1 vote

Linguistic analysis of ChatGPT's default style of writing

This is such a fantastic question, I’ve struggled to offer even a small, direct answer. Let us begin in the simplest possible way, before hopefully attempting some generality. The easiest thing you ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
1 vote

The Liar's Paradox : a linguistic perspective

The problem with "This sentence is false" is that it would seem to be a true sentence if and only if it is a false sentence. From this, we can infer that it is not a true sentence AND not a ...
Dan Christensen's user avatar

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