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9

All the following information comes from Christopher Upward's The History of English Spelling: Words that lost initial ‘h’: OE hlaf ModE ‘loaf’ OE hlud ModE ‘loud’ OE hlædder ModE ‘ladder’ OE hlafdiȝe ModE ‘lady’ OE hliehhan ModE ‘to laugh’ OE hlid ModE ‘lid’ OE hnecca ModE ‘neck’ OE hnæȝan mod ‘neigh’ OE hreddan ModE ‘to rid’ OE hreoȝ ModE ‘rough’ OE hrycȝ ...


4

For the Old English nouns the division into “weak” and “strong” is less important than the division into stem types. Nouns like boc --> bec are called “root-stems” or “consonant stems” since their stems ended in consonants, these are “strong”, here's a list: https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Old_English_consonant_stem_nouns. As for verbs, Old ...


1

I think Ancient Greek and Russian are also examples of languages, where the addition of suffixes changes the way the original stem was stressed.


1

I believe you're looking for pleonasm. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pleonasm


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