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5

In this sense, a "derived" word is derived from something else within the same language, or a direct ancestor of that language. For example, English "miniature" is borrowed from Italian, but "miniaturization" is derived from that (by adding pieces onto the end) within English itself.


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Since this is being asked here instead of on ELU, I'll focus on non-English examples. From Cicero in the first century BCE (Epistulae ad Familiares 7.30.2, to Manius Curius): Cujus quoniam proprium te esse scribis mancipio et nexo, meum autem usu et fructu, contentus isto sum. Id enim est cujusque proprium, quo quisque fruitur atque utitur. You write that ...


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The best way to resolve questions of this sort is to consult the Oxford English Dictionary, which is huge even in the micro-print version. Or, online if you have access through some library. It sorts out the different uses of words rather thoroughly, and gives historical attestations. Consulting the OED, you can see that property is certifiably Middle ...


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As Janus Bahs Jacquet mentions in the comments, there are a lot of instances within PIE where similar-looking roots have similar-looking meanings. But as Arnaud Fournet mentions, there's been no real success finding regular correspondences between these—for example, it doesn't seem that *gʰ- was any sort of regular prefix. My view is, PIE certainly evolved ...


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Please note that *ghwer- "hot, heat" and *wer- "to burn" do not have exactly the same meaning. That being said, assuming that *ghwer- and *wer- are more or less the "same" root would mean that *gh- is a prefix. But it would seem that PIE did not have any prefix, so the most acceptable conclusion is that such pairs of roots are a ...


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I am unaware of any relation between the two that stands on solid ground, but there is a decent amount of loanwords between the two languages. However, on the extremely speculative (read: controversial) side, there are a few theories that do relate those terms. Proto-Indo-Uralic and the notorious Nostratic theory both relate the terms. In entry 1068 of the ...


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