9 votes
Accepted

Swiss suffix -ikon in place names

It's from German Hof, through the suffix -ighof in German-speaking Switzerland. From LikeMag.com: Zwischen dem 9. und 11. Jahrhundert, als die Alemannen sesshafter wurden, hängten sie oft die ...
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  • 5,553
7 votes

Has the Russian way of pronunciation been affected by frost?

The multidisciplinary study of how climate and other environmental factors can be of influence to linguistic features in general and to phonetics in particular is something very young and results are ...
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  • 907
5 votes
Accepted

Are there correlations between specific geographic and phonetic features?

Caleb Everett has a series of studies on these, most notably the relationship between humidity and tone. However, these have mostly not been widely accepted by linguists; the commentary to the last ...
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4 votes

How would the ocean affect language?

After a quick look to WALS, my initial impression is that the number of unusual features in world languages tends to increase with historical isolation. Geographical proximity and language contact may ...
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  • 436
3 votes

Has the Russian way of pronunciation been affected by frost?

I hardly would say Ukraine and Belarus have very cold climate, yet those languages are the closest to Russian (I do not know how do you assess the pronounciation of them). By the way, if you take ...
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  • 6,261
3 votes

Influence of the climate and geography on the phonemes

Arabic, spoken in one of the hottest countries on the planet, is far more guttural than Finnish (which nobody would consider "guttural"). There could be a correlation between climate and phonetic ...
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2 votes

Are there geographic or cultural patterns in surname etymologies?

Your question is too broad to be easily answered. Different regions of Europe began to use surnames at different times, often as a result of government policy. England, for example, began the process ...
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  • 176
2 votes

Influence of the climate and geography on the phonemes

Another interesting one from Everett is the connection between ejectives and high altitudes. Everett did not control for phylogeny or do proper statistical analysis, but others have and found that the ...
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2 votes

Influence of the climate and geography on the phonemes

I remember reading about a study that associated warm, humid climates to tonal languages. Give it a read, it might inspire you: (Everett, Blasi & Roberts, 2015)
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1 vote

Influence of the climate and geography on the phonemes

The question seems a reasonable one, to see if there are any correlations of language features with extra-linguistic situations. And if memory serves, there has been lots of cross-linguistic research ...
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