14 votes

What language branch of PIE does Kartvelian belong to? (Georgian language)

Kartvelian is not part of Indo-European, and in fact is not known to be related to any other language family. Some linguists have connected it with IE as part of a proposed larger family called ...
  • 10.5k
10 votes

What language branch of PIE does Kartvelian belong to? (Georgian language)

Kartvelian is not only not demonstrably related (note: this is absence of evidence, not evidence of absence) to Indogermanic, but also on the same level unrelated to other Kaukasian language families ...
5 votes

Which cues can I listen for to distinguish spoken Georgian and Armenian?

The two languages have a similar set of sounds, and both have even intonation. But: Armenian has two r, one of which is soft, Georgian r is always the hard one. Armenian has k and q but no qʼ. ...
4 votes
Accepted

Difference between forms of the georgian verbs with and/or without objective version vowel

As a native-speaker I can provide only non-scientific explanations to your questions, but still it may be useful. So, is there any difference between the sentence in (1) and the one in (4) from the ...
  • 56
4 votes

Georgian minimal pairs with p' t' k'

Here you go. Note also, that all these six words differ only in the first consonant, so they can be used to form a minimal pair for any two of the six consonants you are interested in. The language is ...
  • 16.4k
4 votes

How exactly do the sounds of Arabic "ﻕ" and Georgian "ყ" differ?

This doesn't exactly answer your question, but they're close enough that ყ is often used for ﻕ in Georgian words of Arabic origin. For example: قرآن - ყურანი (Quran) قصاب - ყასაბი (butcher) قهوة - ...
  • 41
4 votes

Are long vowel-less consonant clusters in Georgian actually vowel-less phonetically?

Yes. The exception to this is /v/, which is often realized as [w] (or the phonetic equivalent [u]) between two consonants. Despite this, however, it is still phonemically non-syllabic. I disagree that ...
3 votes
Accepted

What is the phonetic realization of /ɣ/ and /x/ in Georgian? are they velar? or are they actually uvular?

This article on Georgian phonetics suggests that there is no definite answer, because the phonetic realization varies contextually including according to speaker. Listening to two speakers of Georgian ...
  • 70k
3 votes

Are there any detailed studies on Phonology of Georgian language?

This work by Butskhrikidze is reasonably detailed though not comprehensive: you can follow the references therein to expand the coverage. I would also include Ritter "Georgian consonant clusters: ...
  • 70k
3 votes

Which cues can I listen for to distinguish spoken Georgian and Armenian?

Armenian (at least Western Armenian) seems to place stress mainly on the final syllable. From the little I've read about Georgian, it seems to prefer penultimate stress. Overall, Armenian sounds much ...
  • 1,347
2 votes

What are Georgian harmonic clusters phonetically?

There is a PhD dissertation by Marika Butskhrikidze where this issue was tested (see pp. 123-132 [137-146 in the PDF]). Basically, her results are: 1) Most harmonic clusters are in fact produced with ...
  • 51
2 votes

Numeral-noun number agreement - how popular it is

This feature or lack thereof is common enough across language families. Besides Hungarian, Turkish and Georgian, it also occurs in Armenian, Persian and apparently Hindi, which are of course Indo-...
2 votes

How to distinguish between hiatus and a diphthong?

The most important first step is being explicit as to what distinction you are positing. Terms like "hiatus" and especially "diphthong" are often over-applied to refer to different ...
  • 70k
2 votes
Accepted

Why is IPA Transcriptions of Georgian so inconsistent?

These acoustic phenomenons, transcribed in the IPA, as /ɣ x/, /ʁ χ/ : Probably fall within allophone spheres for Georgian speakers, that is, there is not minimal pair between /ʁ/ or /ɣ/ in ...
  • 251
1 vote

What is the etymology of the Western Georgian family name Ashkinadze (borne by both Christians and Jews)?

Even if you uppercase something you still need to support your claim with some proof, because otherwise one can come up with a refutation similar in it's nature, like this one: No, it DOES have ...
  • 907
1 vote

Numeral-noun number agreement - how popular it is

In most Berber languages (In Riffian, a numeral does not agree with a noun), agreement for numerals concerns the number and the gender. The noun agrees in number with the numeral and, inversely, the ...
  • 1,487
1 vote

Do languages with long clusters have minimal vowel or consonant inventories?

Questions about there being "many languages" with some property are basically unanswerable since there's no contextually reasonable number that constitutes "many". Anyhow, there are quite a number of ...
  • 70k
1 vote

Georgian minimal pairs with p' t' k'

Since you are asking about languages of the Caucasus in general you might also want to know that Ossetic has five ejective stops (written пъ, тъ, къ, цъ, чъ), but they are marginal, occur only in loan ...
  • 22.8k
1 vote

How exactly do the sounds of Arabic "ﻕ" and Georgian "ყ" differ?

"the Georgian letter ყ is difficult for most Westerners to pronounce. It is similar to the Arabic "qaf" (ﻕ)" I speak Arabic and Georgian (elementary). some have said "ﻕ" have the same sound as 'q" ...
  • 11

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible