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The former object becomes the new subject. That is clear -- the new subject has all the properties one could reasonably associate with a subject. Number agreement with the verb and subject raising from complement sentences, for instance. What happens to the former subject is a more interesting question. Here are 3 theoretical answers: I. It may not be ...


4

Definitely, it's especially common for certain verbs. Bir ev tahliye ettirildi Translation: A house was evacuated In Istanbul, following the past earthquake many houses cracked (sic.). Among these, opposite of the Süreyyapaşa factory in Balat, was a new four-story stone house whose cracks were deemed so dangerous that yesterday security ...


4

I think he is using 'passive' to mean 'the passive transformation', probably because this was the most common meaning of 'passive' at the time. He's arguing that we can generate and interpret passive sentences directly without using transformations, and that the difference between passive and active is that in the passive, the verb cannot take an object. I ...


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