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4

Because there are certain sound changes that happened between Proto-Indo-Iranian* and Vedic, and we don't see those sound changes in the Mitanni texts. For example, the second half of the name Bi-ir-ya-ma-aš-da is almost certainly from the Indo-Iranian word for "wisdom", *mazdháH. (Compare Avestan mazdā, as in Ahuramazda "lord of wisdom". ...


3

Old Turkish (from 8th century on) has kadaş and ka kadaş in the meaning “kinsman”. Anatolian Turkish kardeş results from a folk-etymological reinterpretation of the old word, as if from karın "womb" + daş "sharer". Clauson in his "Etymological Dictionary of pre-13th-century Turkish" argues that ka is a loan from Middle Chinese, ...


6

The oldest antecessor of Sanskrit is found in Anatolia (today's Turkey and Northern Iraq) in the Mitanni kingdom. While the language used in correspondence and archives was Hurrian (not obviously related to Indo-Aryan), personal names of the Mitanni ruling class, the names of gods and godesses, and some terminology around horses are considered the oldest ...


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